The world presented in The Mountain and the Valley and in My Utopia are similar, but opposite to the world presented in Nineteen Eighty-Four. A utopian world is one in which everything is perfect. Utopia is displayed in the novel The Mountain and the Valley, written by Ernest Buckler. An anti-utopian world is displayed in the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, written by George Orwell. In the essay My Utopia, a utopian world is also displayed. With the use of society, politics, and the way of life presented to the reader by each, all three of these pieces can be related and contrasted together.
The Mountain and the Valley presents the reader with a lost utopia. This novel takes place in the nineteen forties. The family farm is the way of life throughout most of the reading. The main character, David, lives on a family farm with his mother, father, sister, and grandmother. In this world one did not show himself to be wealthy by having material things. To be wealthy, was to be happy and have the necessities for sustaining life. The general mood of society is positive. The lifestyle in this novel is in most ways laid back, and the people always have hard work to complete. Sex is not a public act in any way, nor is it frowned upon in this time of life. The people are always busy doing something, whether it is for them or for someone else. Most of the characters live in a small village where the church is the main element of one's life. There is a great deal of religion tied in with this way of living. All of the people are friendly toward each other, lending a hand whenever and wherever it is needed. The novel displays how society is moving away from this way of life and into a place where objects are the meaningful things in one's life. No one needs a watch living the farm life. Everything that is done depends on the sun in the sky. David is forever wanting a watch. During David's life, he wants a great deal of material things. He never receives any of these things, but in the end of the novel the reader knows that this world of utopia, with the family farm, has been lost to a world with material objects. Politics does not play a major role in this world. The church decides most of everything for the village. Unlike Nineteen Eighty-Four, this novel presents a utopia that a new, material world has replaced.
The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, written by George Orwell, presents the reader with an anti-utopian world. Oceania is the communist country in which this novel takes place. Big Brother, who is not a real person, runs it. The party rations all of the people's food, clothing and other supplies to them. The people are forced to live a harsh life with just barely enough of everything to survive. Society is encouraged to drink gin, smoke cigarettes, and indulge themselves in porn. There is an ongoing war throughout the novel that is completely made up. The past is altered by all of the outer party members that work in the Ministry of Truth. This is where Winston, the main character, is forced to work. The outer members are the average people living in this country. They are given low rations of everything and are forced to work long, monotonous hours. Telescreens that are mounted everywhere watch the outer party members twenty-four hours a day. Also, they are forced to abide by the party and can only engage in sex for reproduction. They are not allowed to enjoy sexual intercourse in any way. The proles are the lowest class of people that live in Oceania. They live in the slums where Big Brother detonates rocket bombs. The party blames these bombs on whichever country with which they are at war. A telescreen does not watch them. They are allowed to engage in sex for pleasure. The inner party members live in luxury compared to all of the other people. They have the ability to turn off their telescreen whenever they would like, but they must not keep it off too long because the people watching may get suspicious. These party members