The Transcontinental Railroad furthered the spread of the United State
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The Transcontinental Railroad furthered the spread of the United States to the West and opened many new markets for businesses. This is why the Transcontinental Railroad has obviously earned a spot in American History. It was not built as fast as the Concorde, but the Transcontinental Railroad can be compared to modern railroad systems.
Prier to the Transcontinental Railroad, the west could only be attained by sailing around Cape Horn or by traveling over mountains, deserts, or rivers of the west. Sailing around Cape Horn could take over a year and half. The trip was way too expensive and dangerous to attend to. The second way to travel was to take horse-drawn wagons over and through mountains and deserts. One of these trips would cause travelers to go through Indian Territory. People made the conjecture that the United States was split into two different sections. The west had large open areas and was rich in resources and the east had an extensive population.
Eastern industrialists fantasized the Transcontinental Railroad in 1836. When the notion came up again in congress in the early 1800'sit was thought highly of as a very convincing move to broaden the United States. Congress issued a grant to assist the finding of the best possible passage for the new railroad. There was one major predicament with choosing the passage. The dilemma was that the north and south could not find an agreement on which part of the United States it should go through, the north or south. When the Civil War commenced the southern states with drawled from the from the rest of the United States. When that happened the predicament was no longer. The president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, chose the city of Omaha, Nebraska as the beginning point and the city of Sacramento, California as the end of the railroad.
The four men that lead the development of the railroad were given the nickname the "Big Four." Leland Stanford was the general leader of the plan. Leland was the governor of California at the time of the time of the project. Collis Huntington looked after the project finances and made sure that the budget will be maintained. Charles Crocker pushed the construction over the Sierra Nevada mountain range and to the deserts of Utah and Nevada.
The two companies were ready to begin building, but there was another predicament. Due to the north's involvement in the Civil War they had a lack of work strength. In order to find more crew workers they had to hire Chinese workers. The Chinese crews had to work in the worst possible conditions. The Chinese crews worked up to twelve hours a day and had the risk of being buried alive in the Sierra Nevada in an avalanche. Not only did the Chinese workers run a risk of danger but also all workers do. Such as: Indians attacked men (on more than one occasion), they had to work in painful heat, below freezing temperatures, and blizzards also threatened the life of workers.
There were only two companies chosen to do the construction of the railroad the Central Pacific Railway and the Union Pacific Railway Companies. The Union Pacific started to build in Omaha and built towards the west and the Central Pacific started in Sacramento and they built towards the east. The two companies raced to Salt Lake on the final stretch. Both sides wanted to be the first to finish there because Salt Lake was a very important railroad stop. The companies ended up missing each other and wouldn't reach an agreement. Then Congress stepped in and helped reach an agreement for them. The deal was to meet at Promontory, Utah. After six years of rigorous work labor, millions of dollars, and many deaths, the first Transcontinental Railroad were achieved on May 10, 1869. When the railroad was completed almost everybody was talking about it.
The Cheyenne Indians were not pleased with the completion of the railroad. In rebellion the Indians ended up embezzling a train and killed the conductor and some of the stewards and stewardesses.
Some people thought that the golden spike was a character that the west was subdued. It took about fifty years for the United States to go from having no railroads to spread
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First Transcontinental Railroad, American Old West, Union Pacific Railroad, United States, Southern Pacific Railroad, Central Pacific Railroad, Transcontinental railroad, Golden spike, Promontory, Utah, Big Four, Collis Potter Huntington, Leland Stanford
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