This essay The Sun Also Rises has a total of 1208 words and 7 pages.
The Sun Also Rises
Literary Analysis and Composition
Mrs. Joan Leary
January 6th, 1997
1. Although Jake is dedicated to his work, discuss the fact that his choice of friends, Harvey Stone, Bill Gorton, Mike Campbell, and Lady Brett Ashley suggest that his own life lacks depth and commitment.
While Jake Barnes has some dedication and ethics, he leads a life that lacks depth and commitment-just like the lives that his friends live.
Jake, though he tries not to, does live cold-heartedly and with moral abandon. An acquaintance of Jake, Robert Cohn, idealistic and whimsical, visits him one afternoon. Jake, though very tolerant, secretly uses anything at his disposal to rid his afternoon of Cohn. In another example, Jake and some friends of his go to a club to enjoy themselves. A group of homosexuals enters and their lifestyles fill Jake with anger and frustration. Jake\'s castration from World War I makes him feel jealous that they have sexuality but waste it with other men. Finally, Jake takes one of his best friends, Lady Brett Ashley, to see Pedro Romero, a Pomplonan bullfighter. Jake was asked not to introduce anyone to Romero by a good friend, but he disregards the wish and betrays his friends.
Jake\'s friends, excluding Bill Gorton, lead lives that lack meaning. The best influence on Jake among the circle of friends lies in Bill Gorton. Bill does not have the dissolute qualities that Jake\'s other friends have. He has real devotion to work and to his friends. Bill also tells Jake that he is Jake\'s best friend. Brett Ashley, that only static woman in Jake\'s life, leads a very wasted life. She freely admits to being over-sexed and being a drunk. Brett knows that she cannot live with Jake and love him because of his impotence. She must have him sexually if they start a romance. She knows she would not be able to stay loyal to Jake and honestly confesses that fact. Harvey Stone also lives a wasted life. Harvey\'s addictions control his life. He lives solely to drink and to gamble. He asks Jake for some dining money, and Jake accommodates with a hundred francs. Harvey immediately orders another round of drinks with the money. He will undoubtedly turn the francs to alcohol or gambling chips. Mike Campbell, Brett Ashley\'s fiancée and a well-respected member of the group, has a rude congeniality and sincerity that gets him in trouble. For example, he enrages Cohn with a barrage of insults. Mike says that Cohn is a zero-he is not a man. Cohn takes all Mike\'s insults and later demonstrates his rage on Romero-the matador.
The group altogether wastes their lives. Except for Bill and Jake, the circle of friends is an unsalvageable waste.
3. Using situations from the novel, discuss the literary critic Jackson Benson\'s belief that "Jake Barnes is an embodiment of Hemingway\'s philosophy..." which states that "...for a man to live with dignity requires ...he be hard on himself. If a man is lost, it is because he has lost himself by preferring illusion to reality...and self deceit to self-honesty."
Jake Barnes, according to Jackson Benson, "...is an embodiment of Hemingway\'s philosophy..." which states that "...for a man to live with dignity requires ...he be hard on himself. If a man is lost, it is because he has lost himself by preferring illusion to reality...and self deceit to self-honesty."
Jake maintains his human dignity by being hard on himself. Robert Cohn, an American Jew who is well acquainted with Jake, acts foolishly throughout the entire novel. Though Jake does not particularly like Cohn, Jake\'s moral code compels him to still tolerate Cohn. Cohn asks Jake if he wants to travel to South America. Jake, though unhappy, listens to Cohn, and still acts civilly to him. Later, when Jake betrays his friends Montoya, Lady Brett Ashley, and Pedro Romero in Pomplona, he really feels down-his guilt eats at him. Jake tortures himself inside for his betrayal. His self-discipline helps him to not fail again.
Jake does lose himself by "...preferring illusion to reality...and self
deceit to self-honesty." Jake has the unfortunate characteristic of being impotent. Nonetheless, he greatly wants to have Brett Ashley, his nymphomaniac friend, as his mate. Though he knows they can never consummate a relationship,
Topics Related to The Sun Also Rises
English-language films, The Sun Also Rises, The Select, Jake the Dog