The Success of Microsoft

Advanced English

Microsoft has become a very large, industrious, competitive and successful business company over the years. Hard work and persistence have accomplished this since it’s beginning. Bill Gates has never given up his dream for the Microsoft Corporation, and never will for years to come (Lowe 73). This paper will attempt to cover how the corporation of Microsoft has become so successful over the years.
Bill Gates and Paul Allen worked together for many years, working on many programs and solving computer problems, whenever the need arose. A company called MITS was starting about this time, and needed a language for their computers. Hearing about this, Gates and Allen compiled a computer language called BASIC. This would allow the MITS company to sell their software. They sold the computer language license to MITS, and earned several thousand dollars in the process. After collecting the money, Paul Allen joined MITS, and Bill Gates continued schooling at Harvard (microsoft.com).
Soon after this, Bill Gates quits Harvard University and joined Paul Allen in a partnership. The partnership is referred to as “Microsoft” (microsoft.com). After this partnership was formed, Microsoft reformed BASIC, and sold it to other customers such as DTC, General Electric, NCR and Citibank (microsoft.com). When the money was collected from the companies, Gates and Allen decided to open their own company. When the company was registered, they kept the old partnership name “Microsoft” (microsoft.com). The name “Microsoft” means “to identify computer programs for use in automatic data processing systems, pre-programming systems processing systems, and data processing services including computer programming services (microsoft.com). The Microsoft company began with three employees and sixteen thousand dollars, and was founded February 1st, 1975 (microsoft.com).
The company was now registered, and ready to do more business. They developed two more computer languages from 1977-1980. They were called FORTRAN and COBOL-80. The sales of Microsoft now exceeded one million dollars, and became a privately held corporation (microsoft.com). Up until now, Microsoft had earned all their money on computer languages, so they thought they would try


something different. They introduced the MS-DOS operating system. This was a program that stood for “Microsoft Disk Operating System,” and became the standard for the personal computer (Wallace 33).
Next the company started making new types of hardware and software. Through 1983-1984, Microsoft introduced “The Microsoft Mouse,” a low-cost, hand held device for use with the IBM PC. This was a major step in the computing industry. The corporation later released a word processing program called “Microsoft Word for MS-DOS.” This allowed people to type and print using a computer, instead of an old-fashioned typewriter. Next the company announced its major product, that would later be made famous for, Windows 1.0 (microsoft.com). This program was to be based in MS-DOS, but with a graphically rich, user friendly environment (microsoft.com).
After announcing the “Windows” program, everyone was skeptical, but the company shipped Windows on the exact date of the company’s tenth anniversary, February 1st, 1985 (microsoft.com). Windows sold tremendously. For people who didn’t like to type in commands, this was the program of use. The cost of this program was $99. With all the success of Windows sales, Microsoft Corporation was moved from Albuquerque, New Mexico to Redmond, Washington, the same year (microsoft.com).
During 1987-1988, Microsoft introduced many new software products. The first was Windows 2.0. Gates thought that because version 1,0 sold so well, why not make an upgrade of the system and sell it again? He did so, and made record sales (microsoft.com). After the new Windows release, Microsoft shipped “Microsoft Bookshelf” on CD-ROM. This was a dictionary, encyclopedia, and thesaurus all in one program. The CD-ROM was new technology at the time and drastically helped the corporation, by being able to hold more information than a diskette. The next product was “Excel for Windows,” this was a spreadsheet program, used for helping you with taxes, keep a budget and many other things (microsoft.com).
In 1989, Microsoft shipped “Microsoft Office,” a group of business programs, that included a word processor, “Word,” a spreadsheet program, “Excel,” and a database program, “Access.” Microsoft also joined forces with IBM for a short time. This new partnership helped both sides equally, but IBM did not grant that Microsoft could make different versions of DOS, to sell to