The North and the South lived two totally different ways of life, leading to an inevitable conflict between
these two sections. Sectionalism in the United States was started and continued because of the different
views of living according to the North and the South. Economically, politically, and socially the North and
the South clashed with opposing opinions of each other.
The North and the South had opposing ways of how to handle their business. The North believed in a
urbanized, industrial way of life, and the South's equivalent of factories were plantations, living in a spread
out physical environment that was distant from others and had very small communities. This right here
started problems between the sections. The South believed that the North's quality standards in cities was
disgusting. The two sections had clashing views concerning each others way of making profit, The North
felt that the South was growing too much cotton, were building too many plantations, and were too
dependant on this one crop. They also felt that the South was destroying the Union by trading the cotton for
goods with the Europeans and not enough with the North. But there was another side to this, the South said
that they would trade with the North if they built more factories to process the cotton. The North bitterly
opposed this idea. They felt that it was too r!
isky to build more factories and lose a profit. The North would said that if they, the South, slowed down
their cotton crop then there would be enough factories to process the cotton. The South disagreed of course,
leading to a never-ending quarrel between the two sections. The two sections also had different economic
leaders. The North had capitalists, people who invested money to make profits. The capitalists invested
their money into factories and so forth. The South's economic leaders were the planters. Planters were
people who owned a plantation and owned twenty or more slaves. The North and the South not only
differed with economics but also politics.
The political views of the section differed greatly. The North was trying to abolish slavery and the South
wanted to keep it. The differences became so alarming that a compromise was needed to settle the
problems. The Compromise of 1850 was created and put a stop to the evident problems. This compromise
admitted California as a free state, allowed popular sovereignty in Utah and New Mexico, banned slave
trade in Washington, D.C., and passed a very strict fugitive law. What this compromise also did was cripple
the South's representation in the Senate, for the better of the North because the odds were for them. What
also pushed the North and South apart further was slavery case concerning a slave by the name of Dred
Scott. Dred Scott lived in Missouri with his owner and then moved to Illinois and then to the Wisconsin
Territory. When his owners died Dred Scott filed a lawsuit saying that since he lived in a free territory that
he deserves to be a free man. The court ruled that a!
s black, he was not a citizen and could not file a lawsuit. They also said that slaves were property. Not only
did they agree on that, they also said that Congress did not have the authority to outlaw slavery. Socially
the North and the South differed greatly also.
The two sections had two totally different contrasts as their social classes went. The North and the South
lived in two clashing environments, and when compared the standards are evidently different. The North's
upper class were the capitalists. They were a small part of the population in the North, compared to their
middle class, the merchants. The merchants were the average, everyday pedestrian who owned shops and
knew a certain skill or profession. The North's lowest class was the immigrant. The immigrants worked in
harsh conditions in the different seasons, they worked in the factories and did the work that the better
classes were not going to do. The South also a had a hierarchy of their social classes. One class were the
planters, they owned twenty or more slaves and were the middle and upper class of the South. The lowest
class were the slaves, they were owned by the