The Montgomery Bus Boycott
"The Fight for Equality"


1947- Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to play Major League Baseball. He starred for the Brooklyn Dodgers, and set several records.
1948- In July, President Truman desegregates the United States Armed Forces. He also banned discrimination in the hiring of Federal Employees.
1951- Oliver Brown sued the Topeka, Kansas, Board of Education to allow his eight-
year-old daughter to attend a school that only white children were allowed to attend.
This breakthrough court case would come to be known as Brown vs. Board of
Education of Topeka, Kansas.
1953- Two thirds of all families in the United States own televisions.
1953- Soviet leader Joseph Stalin dies.
1954- Supreme issues ruling on Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
1955- On December 1st, Mrs. Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, for not
giving up her seat for a white bus rider. This began the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
On the morning of December 5, the African American residents of the city refused to
ride the buses.
1956- On January 30, 1956, Dr. Martin Luther King’s home was bombed. His wife and
his baby daughter escaped without injury.
1956- On November 13, 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that Alabama’s state and local bus segregation laws were unconstitutional.
1956- On December 20th federal injunctions were served on the city and bus company
officials forcing, them to follow the Supreme Court’s ruling. The following morning,
December 21, 1956, Dr. King, and Rev. Glen Smiley, a white minister, shared the
seat of a public bus. The successful Boycott had lasted 381 days.
1957- The Soviet Union launches the satellite Sputnik.

Who’s Who???
Rosa Parks- Rosa Parks was a young black woman responsible for the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. On December 1, 1955, Rosa decided to take a stand for black rights. She refused to move and give her seat up for a white passenger. She was arrested, and put in jail for her defiance. Her courage that day went down in history as a great advance for African Americans rights.
E.D. Nixon- E.D. Nixon was an influential leader in the black community. He was the first person to propose the idea of boycotting the cities bus systems. Nixon’s original plan was to have a one day boycott, thinking it would take care of things. He didn’t realize how long it would take. At a church meeting one day later, he introduced the community to Martin Luther King Jr. From that point on, King took responsibility for the boycott.

Martin Luther King Jr.- Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery Alabama. He was brought into the big scene by E.D. Nixon at a church meeting. There he stated that the bus boycott must continue, and became recognized as the spokesperson for the boycott. Dr. King later became one of the most influential men in American history. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968.
Jo Ann Robinson- Jo Ann Robinson was a member of the Women’s Political Council (WPC) who suggested the idea of a bus boycott at the meeting following the very first day of boycotting. After Nixon started the boycott, she was very influential in keeping it going.
Rev. Glen Smiley- Reverend Glen Smiley was a white minister who supported the boycott through its longevity. He was the man who shared the front seat of the bus with Dr. King on December 21, 1956.
Thurgood Marshall- Thurgood Marshall was the first African American Supreme Court Justice. He was the lawyer that won the landmark school desegregation case Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954. He was a great man that gave African Americans confidence, and spurred them on in their fight for Civil Rights.
Jackie Robinson- Jackie Robinson was the first black professional baseball player. He was a hero and inspiration to all blacks. He starred for the Brooklyn Dodgers, and was an unbelievable player. He was the Rookie of the Year in 1947, and was later inducted into the hall of fame.
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I. Before the Boycott
One event that helped lead into the Montgomery Bus Boycott was the historic court case_______ vs. _______________________. This lead to desegregation of schools, giving blacks more and more confidence with themselves. Another great advance for blacks was