The Manifesto was written and published in the late 1840s as an outlin
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The Manifesto was written and published in the late 1840ís as an outline of the ideals and aims of the communist party. The work was written by two dedicated revolutionaries Frederick Engels and Carl Marx. Their work quickly spread through Europe and drew the following of the working class. As a result the much abused and subjugated bourgeois used the writings as a blueprint for revolution. The Manifesto gave people a vision of an land of equal distribution of property which is owned by no one. This would give power to the working class and eliminated the abuses of the past.
The historical reference in correlation to Marxist theory abides by the rules of a governing class over a poorer class. This has always been prevalent in any society that you can look up in history. In the feudal period knights ruled over their peasants while in return he gave them protection from outside enemies. The peasants tiled the land and gave the knight a percentage of what the made, while they also got a percentage to live off. In 1787 in France a revolution spurred about because of the noblemen who ruled over the bourgeoisie, who consisted not only of peasants but also of lawyers and businessmen. They were considered the equal of a peasant because their names werenít part of the old guard. The ruling class was a lineage ruling class that didnít really serve the interest of the greater majority of the people. This served as the basis of revolt. Marx expounds this theme of a ruling class being overcome by a working class suppressed of any
freedoms and liberty. The overall effect is a revolt by the lower class against the aristocracy. The result, says Marx, is a rule by the working class that may in time spawn another revolt. The working class now in rule, however, would rule in a socialist setting. This would mean a equal distribution of the production to all the families. Land would also be equally distributed. The basis of political revolution isnít sought by philosophy, but in the economics of each particular epoch.
Marx viewed the past as an endless cycle of revolution and abuse of power. He saw that even after a revolution of the bourgeois a distinct class system was still in place.
The idea of capitalism inevitably creates a climate for class conflict. The system is based solely on the idea of winners and losers in the economic arena. The working class is set to be under the successful capitalists who own the businesses and industries. The financial needs and dreams for upward mobility cause the subjugated working class to ban together against the corporate moguls who rule over them. This class conflict is the center of Marxís theory.
The proletariat is the ruling class that exerts its power over the working classes under them. In many cases the power of the ruling class is gained by title alone. The proletariat run their businesses like omnipotent tyrants who will always be in power and keep the working class subjugated and poor.
They work them long hours with pay well below the poverty line. Even children are put to work in factories to work long hours beside their parents. The workers are whipped and beaten if they donít work at an unattainably "efficient" pace. This treatment leads the bourgeois to rise in revolt against the proletariat in an attempt to gain power.
The views of socialism and communism are like two lines which come together at some points and drift far apart at others.
In a socialist society the people rule and distribute all that is produced equally for the good of the people. The idea communism also distributes everything equally but a central government owns and distributes the property. This would mean the complete abolishment of private property under both systems. Another difference arises on the issue of class. Under a socialist system everyone is equal and there is no class system in the society. With a communist government, however, the government is the ruling class while the people are equal under its rein.
Internationalism is set to explain the expansion of philosophies to foreign countries. Through imperialism countries can expand their sphere of influence. Creating a station in which
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Socialism, Economic ideologies, Karl Marx, Anti-capitalism, Political ideologies, Communism, Marxism, Class conflict, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Friedrich Engels, Bourgeoisie, Permanent revolution
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