The Magus

In this paper I want to show the importance of the distinction between Deontological theories and

Teleological theories. First, let me define the basic types of deontological theories: Act-deontology takes

the rightness of an act as having to be decided by the individual on the basis of what the particular situation

demands of him or her. Rule-deontology takes the rightness of an act as having been already decided by

universal rules which are binding on everyone, regardless of the situation. Teleological theories: Act-

utilitarianism takes the rightness of an act as having to be decided by the individual on the basis of what

will promote the greatest general good in the individual's particular situation and Rule-utilitarianism takes

the rightness of an act as being in accord with the general rules, binding on everyone, that have already

been decided on as promoting the greatest general good. Second, I will give my opinion on The Magus by

John Fowles. In conclusion we will !

see if the consequences are moral or immoral.

The first case to analyze will be the one about Conchis-the mayor of a small Greek village. He was ordered

by the Nazi Commandant to beat to death three freedom fighters who had shot four German soldiers. If he

refused, the Germans would kill not only the freedom fighters, but also the villagers hostages. Let's look at

situation through the eyes of a utilitarian, then through the eyes of a deontologist. Conchis was in a very

difficult position that he has to decide what he should do with the ordered with in thirty-seconds, which is a

very short period of time. He is probably confused and frustrated and not sure of what is right or wrong

thing to do. As the Wimmel approached him with a gun. He aimed at the three freedom fighters. He pulled

the trigger of the gun, but the gun was not loaded. His determination is not to increases the possibility for

the German to harm the villagers. It seems that happiness for the German would mean trouble for the

villagers. As he aimed at the!

three men, his thought was to save the villager hostages. According to the story, Conchis wants to save as

many people as possible. I would describe his deportment as Rule Utilitarianism. People own what they

would own under the 'total' set of rules, of which would be the greatest good of each and most efficient. 1

His conscience is do what saves the most people. What if he did not follow the order? Will everyone still

live even if he doesn't follow? Maybe by following the order he will be preventing the German use of force,

or causes extreme human suffering. I did not choose Act-utilitarianism because Conchis-the mayor did not

want to promote the greatest good in the individual as himself in this situation. His knowledge was to bring

happiness to people. He follow rules that is all obeyed then should bring about in the long term the

greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people. Suppose that sacrificing life or bodily integrity,

where making the sacrifice wo!

uld be value, is itself in each interest. Among the things that Act-utilitarianism requires is putting up with,

indeed getting oneself to positively welcome, that other is also do what act utilitarianism requires lest anger

lead to resentment, and resentment to wrongful, action, and wrongful action to a decrease in value. For the

Utilitarian: The results are what matter.

I would described Wimmel, the Nazi commandant action is Act-deontology. He is violating his moral

convictions against total being. Secondly, his action cannot be justified universally. The Nazi commandant

was not foreseeing the idea of human rights is a moral one. Act-deontology was morally wrong, but

Wimmel determined that Conchis take the ordered or all of them will die which make it harder for him to

choose whether to kill the freedom fighters or the villagers including him self will be killed by the German.

However, the Rule-deontology was pointed out that it's wrong to kill. Conchis realized that his previous

action was immoral. When he heard the prisoner call for freedom and saw the way these men had been

tortured, he couldn't kill them. His knowledge repeatedly told him he was wrong, but his total