The Innovators, by David P. Millington is a book which takes a look at the most prominent minds of the later part of the technological world and their respective contributions to science and society. Millington utilizes an extensive technological background to elaborate on their works and contributions to the world, many developments which we couldn't survive without in toadies world. This book starts with the late 1700's and the development of the steamboat and continues in chronological order until the late 1800's and Edition's work, with stops along the away at practically every major engineering breakthrough.

One of the most important developments, still a major part of the world, is Futon's steamboat. His "thinking outside the lines" allowed him to utilize preexisting designs in an unprecedented way to maximize the potential of the water travel. While he did not invent anything in particular, he optimized many different aspects of water travel to secure a place for himself in history. Futon's innovation is best summarized in the following quote: "The mind of the individual inventor or projector was the ultimate key… The men who emerged as the most effective in developing designs of complete steamboats based upon individual and unique combinations of a complex of elements all enjoyed a capacity for spatial thinking". This shows that he himself was aware that success was as much a function of application as it was of theory.

Another importuned development still paramount in toadies world, whose influence will be felt indefinitely is the development of the telegraph. Morse, through the advances of Henry in the field of electromagnetism and its application was able to revolutionize the way people would communicate. While Henry made important advances in electricity and its ability to transmit a specific signal over long distances, it took Morse to apply it to specific communication uses. While "Henry believed that the role of science was to make discoveries and that a mature science opened the door to practical application that would be achieved as soon as society was ready to put through the technological change. Inventors were men of action, accessory to scientist who were men of mind. Morse much resented this view that intention and work with technology were things other and less than intellectual creativity. He was convinced that all of his work was based upon thought." (p. 133). This quote shows that the innovator (Morse) and his contribution as important, if not more so than the original theory behind it.

These are just some of the examples advocating the need to think, as well as apply those ideas to practicality. By working to elaborate on preexisting theories, one makes a lancing and important contribution to society.