The Importance of Theoretical Frameworks For Understanding Foundations of
Political Science


The importance of theoretical frameworks is essential for understanding
foundations for political science. The definition of the word framework is a
theory which can be used as a lens to look at a set of facts. (E.g., journalist
look at a set of facts that tell a story of what happened). These frameworks
in political science help build a strong foundation and advocate a precise sense
of racial balance in the political arena. A social scientist tries to organize
a set of facts into systemic theoretical passion. The Social scientists are
trying to accomplish the facts they create can be used to explain a theory
that can be applied to other sets of facts. The importance of these frameworks
helps people gather important information and compare and contrast their
different strengths and weaknesses.

The first traditional and most dominant framework to examine is Pluralism.
Pluralism can generally be defined as group politics in a free market society.
Pluralism takes its roots from the founding of the nation. James Madison saw
the United States as a stronger nation if there was conflict rather than a
consensus. Madison points out in Federalist #10 that citizens would be divided
into many factions that would compete for benefits. The chief cause of division
when Madison wrote this was economics in origin, but now race has emerged as a
major factor in dividing American society. Robert Dali founder of Pluralism
modernizes Madison's theory into theory of American democracy to incorporate
into the theory of pluralism.

Pluralism explains minority group politics in a process that attempts to show
the strength of groups in the minority. In pluralism the theory assumes that
there are non-cumulative inequalities in American politics. These inequalities
would mean no group would be on the minority of a law being passed every time
and that no group dominates every time either. The second part of the pluralism
theory suggests that there is a multiple power center. A definition of multiple
power center is when a minority group is denied access to influence one branch
of government but may be able to influence politics or policy change in another
part of the arena. Example, a group may be unable to pursue its goals of
influence of the legislative branch but it might be able to influence the
executive branch. The third assumption of the pluralist theory is non-
cumulative groups have a number of political resources at their disposal. If a
group does not have financial means it might make up for it numbers at the
election booth. These assumptions of the pluralist theory shows advantage of
group politics to the minority group but does account for some of the
disadvantages of group politics in the entirety.

The pluralist theory has several weaknesses for minority groups of the political
arena. Some Political groups do not have equal access to the political process.
For example groups that don't have numbers and those without money are at a
disadvantage. The significance of a prejudice society in the pluralist theory
shows no significance of mention when talking about ethnic and racial minority
groups. The minority and ethnic groups that this model represents are European
immigrants. This theory also fails to represent the racial imbalance of groups
that are deficient in lack of education, and job growth in an urban society.
These are some of the major weaknesses that are dispersed when talking about
Pluralism theory.

A traditional theory in political science that is always brought to light when
talking about minority groups in the political area is the framework called the
Elite theory. This theory is simply a Marxist type of government. People are
afraid to admit that it is part of the society the people of the United States
live in. The Elite theory suggest there are two kinds of people in society,
the small but powerful elites and the large powerless masses. The racial and
ethnic minorities are just part of the powerless masses. The Elite theory helps
point out the problems facing the blindness in America.

The Elite theory strengths explains group politics by bringing to attention
the weaknesses of the people as a whole including minority group politics, that
minorities are just the same as everyone else other then the elite. The
Elite's give a few crumbs to the masses to keep the people hopeful of the future.
The masses will always be just one diversified group with no means of really
getting anything accomplished. There has been a sociological reasoning of
understanding the importance of social stratification that has allowed groups