The History of Middle Earth/The Lord of the Rings
The story of the ring takes place in Middle-Earth. It is a land of fantasy in which elves, dwarves, orcs, dragons, hobbits, trolls, eagles, and men coexist. This land originally came into being in the imagination of J. R. R. Tolkien. Going by Tolkien’s history, Middle-Earth was created by a race of God-like creatures known as Valar. Much like the Greek gods, the Valar each had their own properties and personalities which corresponded to what elements of Middle-Earth they created and were in charge of. Of all the Valar only the second in command, named Melkor, strayed from the light. Melkor tried to destroy all that the Valar created, but succeeded only in lessening his power. The chief lieutenant of Melkor, also known as Morgoth, was Sauron. After much fighting with Melkor, Middle-Earth’s creation was complete, and with the birth of the elves the First age in Middle-Earth’s history began. Elves were created by the Valar to be immortal, and can only die by being slain or through great grief. They lived peacefully until Melkor once again appeared. He hated the newly-created elves even more than their creators and declared eternal war on them which ended until all elves were either turned to the darkness or destroyed. The elves in turn fought back with great success and those elves who were captured had been turned into orcs and other demon races. Towards the end of the first age the elves were joined by dwarves and man, and together they fought to destroy Melkor, but they could not. In the last moments before the complete destruction of elves and man, the Valar themselves came and attacked Melkor with all their power. Melkor was utterly destroyed along with a great portion of Middle-Earth and so ended the first age.
The second age began with little trouble and much re-building. The chief servant Melkor, Sauron, began to reform and attempted to the rebuilding effort by joining the elves. With his help the elves forged the rings of power. Sauron himself took the one ring attempted to take complete control as Melkor once did. He was opposed by the last alliance between elves and men, led by the high king Gil-Galad and the king of men Elindil. A war as great as the one that ended the first age ensued. It ended when the eldest son of Elindil, Isildur, cut the ring from the hand of Sauron. Isildur was later killed on the banks of the great river Anduin and with that the ring was lost and the second age was over.
The third age began with Smeagol the Stoor taking the one ring by killing his cousin who found it in the river Anduin, and with it he fled to the Misty Mountains were he hid for centuries. Inside the mountains, Smeagol met a hobbit by the name of Bilbo Baggins who found the ring by accident and escaped the mountains with it. The third age was also marked by the coming of the Istari, or wizards. There where three wizards who were sent by the Valar to help the elves and men to oppose Sauron. They were not allowed to use direct violence or a display of power to gain control of the people, but had to advise them and expose Sauron where-ever he hid. They were Sauraman the white, Gandalf the gray, and Radagast the brown. Of the three wizards only one stayed true to his mission, that was Gandalf. He led the charge against Sauron and he alone defeated Sauraman when he turned to the darkness. Without Gandalf the ring that Bilbo found would’ve never been identified. It was he who came to Bilbo and explained the true nature of the ring and convinced him to let it go. It was also Gandalf who called for a great council when the ring was found. It was to be held in Rivendell, the home of Elrond and of the elves. By the time the council was called for Sauron had already learned of the ring’s existence and he sent his greatest warriors to retrieve it. They were the nine riders of the ring. They failed in stopping Frodo Baggins, heir of Bilbo Baggins, from reaching Rivendell and