The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby is a bold and damning social commentary of America which critiques its degeneration from a nation of infinite hope and opportunity to a place of moral destitution. The novel is set during the Roaring Twenties, an era of outrageous excesses, wild lavish parties and sadly, an era of regret and lost potential. As the audience, they take us on a journey guided and influenced by the moral voice of Nick Carraway, a character who is "simultaneously enchanted and repelled by the inexhaustible variety of life." Nevertheless, when Carraway rejects the East, returning to the comparatively secure morality of his ancestral West, we realize that gaiety was merely a thin facade, and that behind it lurked a hideous ugliness that penetrated to the essence of the human spirit.
It was during the Jazz generation that the common man, a man no different to James Gatz, pursued the glowing icons of his age. As religion gradually faded away, it was money that had become an object of veneration. The desire to become wealthy was parceled in the form of the American Dream, a savage ideal that was fundamentally flawed from the outset. The fallacy of the American Dream cursed all who aspired to its promises while the upper class enjoyed the luxuries that accompanied their status, exploiting those below them as a means to reaffirm their superiority.
Consequently, James Gatz, under the influence of characters like Dan Cody and Meyer Wolfshiem, underwent a self-transformation to become Gatsby, a new man who was founded on his "Plutonic conception of himself." As the embodiment of idealism and innocence, Gatsby strives to create order and purpose yet he is faced with hostile surroundings and thus his attempts to are futile. All Gatsby wants is to seize the green light in his fingers but light is intangible, and like Gatsby's dream, it will always remain beyond his grasp. Gatsby is trapped in a state of timelessness where his future is an illusory reflection of this past. His unbridled imagination has created a world in which reality is undefined to itself and thus through this wilderness of illusions, Gatsby attempts to realize the possibilities of life. Such was the "colossal vitality" of Gatsby's illusion that he believed that his social status could recreate the past. "Why of course you can," was his automatic response. Yet once the "party was over," reality begins to dominate and tragically, Gatsby falls to his demise. Gatsby finds himself in a world "material without real" and as he "looked up at an unfamiliar sky through frightening leaves... he found what a grotesque thing a rose is and how raw the sunlight was upon the scarcely created grass." Confronted by reality, Gatsby realizes how disgusting it really is compared to his world of illusions. Yet while the "whole caravansary had fallen in like a card house," Fitzgerald questions the essence of reality and asks us if it is really worth sanctifying. He demonstrates that given the ugliness of Gatsby's surroundings, his dream served a purpose, though it led to utter destruction.
Fitzgerald parallels Gatsby's demise with the degeneration of the American nation. Both were once faced with a "transitory enchanted moment," a moment of infinite hope and potential. Yet their pure visions, their "incorruptible dream[s]" were polluted by the very foundations of these visions. Much like the new land "flowered" before the Dutch sailors eyes, so too did Daisy "blossom" before Gatsby and there was a time when Gatsby could "suck on the pap of life, gulp down the incomparable milk of wonder." However, there could never be a union between Gatsby's "unutterable vision" and Daisy's "perishable breath" for this vision was simply far too 'great' for the emptiness and social rigidity which Daisy personified. So too was the bounty of new land, the "fresh green breast of the new world" polluted by the old European ways which had traveled with the Dutch sailors. Consequently, since Gatsby represented the last vestige of hope from that age of purity, his death ensures that the "solemn dumping ground" will remain rooted in American history.
It therefore follows that Gatsby's demise represents the plight of the American nation. Fitzgerald criticizes the stagnant upper class that