The first great Sage of China, Ch段u K置ng, developed many unique and useful
philosophies in his lifetime. They were so highly regarded that they were turned into the
religion of Confucianism. His teachings have helped shape the society of present day
China.
Ch段u K置ng was born in China in 551 BC, during the Han Empire. When he was
three years old his father died, leaving his mother and him broke. She still managed to
give K置ng a good education, despite their money problems. As he was growing up the
word of his great wisdom was widely known. At nineteen years old he was offered the
job of Keeper of the Granaries, which he took, and, also at the age of nineteen, he got
married. A year later his wife gave birth to a baby boy, who K置ng was somewhat
disappointed with because he didn稚 have the same beliefs as his father, and he was
promoted from Keeper of the Granaries to The Superintendent of the Fields. Around that
time men from his village and neighboring ones started coming to him for advise. They
present him the name K置ng-fu-tze (Confucius in English) meaning K置ng the
Philosopher. His mom dies when he is 23, so he follows the Chinese custom of mourning
a parents death for three years.
He turns his life around during those three years, and decides not to return to his
old occupation after the mourning period is over. He returns to society, not as
Superintendent of the Fields, but as a teacher, teaching his convictions. By the measly
age of 34 he has over 3,000 pupils and followers. When he is 53 years old he accepts an
offer to be the Chief-magistrate of Chung-tu. The job is similar to the American job of
mayor. Shortly after that he becomes the Minister of Crime of the Province of Lu. Within
two years Confucius managed to free the province of all crime, resulting in deserted
prisons, and assist Lu in surpassing most all other communities in intelligence and
wealth. Confucius knew it was time to move

on when the Duke of the province stopped taking his advise, and Lu drastically declined
from the wonderful place Confucius once saw. He spent the years between that and his
death writing books about his views. He died in 478 BC, at the age of 73.
Over a hundred years after Confucius痴 death his teachings emerged into the
religion known as Confucianism. The beliefs of Confucianism include; 泥o not unto
others what you would not want others to do unto you, good behavior will be rewarded
with good, bad behavior will be punished with bad, knowledge is the greatest good in the
world, children should respect their parents, good conduct, and moral judgment. The Five
Constant Virtues of the religion are; Benevolence- working for the good of others,
Righteousness- don稚 do bad things to others, Propriety- courtesy towards the people one
rules, Wisdom- knowledge and understanding, and Sincerity, because without it the
world can not exist.
Today, over a thousand years since his death, his teachings are still highly
regarded in Chinese culture. He positively effected China when he was alive and he is
still doing it in present years. Needless to say it takes a remarkable, wise man to
accomplish such a feat, and Confucius certainly was that remarkable and wise man.