The Emergence of the Colonies lead to American Revolution

History Writing Assignment
The American Revolution started in 1775, reached its climax in 1776, and partially ended in 1789 when the Constitution was ratified. USA is one of the few countries that underwent only one revolution. The American Revolution is an interesting one because the settlers had freedom before that. The changes in the government lead to this Revolution. The question is did this have an impact on the colonies? If so, to what extent? The colonies came to the New World for similar reasons: religious freedom, farming land, economic opportunities, and political freedom. However, before the Revolution the colonies were all unique and different because of the religions, geographic factors, and the people. The Enlightenment, The Great Awakening, the same anger towards the British rule, Articles of Confederation and the leadership of the Congress unified the colonies. The colonies also shared the same development. The settlers had the same attitude in their heads – fight for independence and to move from monarchy to republic. I believe that although the unity between the colonies was in existence, there were some differences between the colonies still present before and after the American Revolution. These differences include the attitude of the people towards slavery.

The colonies also felt the need to increase their knowledge about the world and not just about religion. The Enlightenment most probably played a huge role in this. The Enlightenment questioned the principles of rationalism and logic. Religion was the main target. Puritan, New England were the most enthusiastic people to receive education. Harvard as the first university founded in United States. 57 years later, the second university was formed in Virginia. Literature and philosophy grew from this. The school in all colonies focused on religions, and languages such as Greek and Latin. For purpose of economy ad convenience, nine other colleges were established during the colonial era.

The colonies shared the same developments. These include natural population growth, ethnic diversity, the creation of urban elite, the power to move up the social ladder, and rising levels of consumption. These colonies had only 300,000 souls in 1700. In seventy-five years, the population increased to 2.5 million people. The population consisted of Germans, Scots Highlanders, other European immigrants, Americans and Africans. Although it was hard for the slaves to improve their social status, every white were able to move the social ladder, even the criminals from Europe. The growth of the population led to the increase in the demand for imports from other countries. The increase in trades, increased their wages and prosperity.

The diversity of the people living in America at that time was greater than any other country in the world. The French settler, Michel-Guillaume de Crevecoeur saw America as a “strange mixture of blood, which you will find in no other country.” The diversity of the cultures was present in the colonies. England contributed the English language, Puritanism, and democratic form of government. Germany introduced Santa Claus, Easter eggs, sauerkraut, and bowling. French and Spanish settlers were unable to contribute their culture and language with the colonies because of the conflicts. The diversity of people meant a diversity of cultures. The colonies needed to increase their religious tolerance and the Great Awakening played that role for the settlers.

The Great Awakening, a democratizing religion, began in New England with Reverend Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield. Revivalists behind the Great Awakening said that anyone, who is part of a church or not, who repents can be saved by God. This intrigued many groups of people. Although it created segregation between the Old Lights and the New Lights, the Great Awakening unified the colonies and increased religious tolerance. Presbyterianism, Congregationalism and rebellion becoming a neo-trinity show the effect of the American Revolution.

"I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!"

March 23, 1775 - Patrick Henry -

The colonies also shared the same need for independence and the anger towards the British government. This was the main reason for American Revolution and for the emergence of the colonies. They rebelled against the British government because they thought that it was unfair for them to pay British taxes