This essay The Elusive Form: has a total of 1350 words and 8 pages.
The Elusive Form:
The Use of Female Characters in "Naked Nude"
May 24, 1994
Thesis and Outline:
Thesis: In his picturesque short story, "The Naked Nude", Bernard Malamud uses the female characters to develop, enact, and resolve Fidelman\'s epiphany and to bring about the protagonist\'s final, artistic self-understanding.
I. Introductory paragraph--statement of thesis.
II. The prostitutes
A. in contrast to Fidelman\'s initial idea of the artistic nude
B. "maybe too many naked women around made it impossible to
draw a nude"--establish basis of conflict within Fidelman
A. flat, static character--functions totally as a touchstone for
B. provides Fidelman\'s first turn towards artistic epiphany
IV. Bessie, his sister
A. childhood memory brings about full epiphany
V. Venus of Urbino
A. aesthetic constant--she, as a painting, remains static
B. Fidelman\'s method of viewing her evolves, providing his
VI. Relationship of female characters
VII. Conclusion and restatement of thesis.
The Elusive Form:
Female Characters in "Naked Nude"
Bernard Malamud, a leading contemporary Jewish author, skirts between fantasy and reality in his almost allegorical short fiction, teaching the reader a lesson through coinciding elements of beauty and comedy. Venturing away from his usual, inner-city Jewish element, Malamud tackles new challenges of subject and setting in his novelistic collection of short stories, Pictures of Fidelman . Malamud develops his protagonist through a series of six, interrelated short works, each of which may function entirely independent from the others. In "The Naked Nude," for instance, Fidelman comes to a new, artistic maturity through his attempt to copy the famous painting "Venus of Urbino" by Titian Tiziano. Malamud\'s recurring theme of self-knowledge through suffering permeates this short work. Scarpio and Angelo, as primary antagonists, provide the bulk of this suffering for Fidelman. It is his own mental captivity concerning the female nude, however, that gives cause for Fidelman\'s eventual epiphany as an artist and as an individual. His relationship to the women in the work shapes his ability to capture the form of the "Venus" and to come to grips with his own self-worth. In "The Naked Nude," Bernard Malamud uses the female characters to develop, enact, and resolve Fidelman\'s epiphany and to bring about the protagonist\'s final, artistic self understanding.
At the story\'s outset, Fidelman is forced to act as janitor and manservant to a group of ill mannered prostitutes under the employment of the padrone, Angelo. These offensive characters establish the first of a series of mental obstacles in the imprisoned protagonist\'s attempt to copy Titian\'s nude. They torment Fidelman with cynical laughter and exploit his demeaning position. His sexual insecurity is established at the beginning of the story when he ponders his violent guillotine sketch, asking "A man\'s head or his sex?...either case a terrible wound" (Malamud
318). The limited omniscient narrator, revealing Fidelman\'s thoughts and feelings, also suggests that he could gain "no inspiration from whores," and that "maybe too many naked women around made it impossible to draw a nude" (Malamud 325). This illustrates Fidelman\'s early accreditation of his artistic impotency to desensitization. He soon recognizes, however, that the way in which he views the "Venus" also interrupts his progress. In his effort to dissociate the portrayed goddess from the distasteful prostitutes, Fidelman doesn\'t see the true nature of her physical beauty. He sees only her "extraordinary flesh that can turn body into spirit" (Malamud 323). Any natural physical beauty present in the prostitutes escapes the copyist, as he embraces form over fact and the inherent spirit over the actual body.
Teresa, the "asthmatic, hairy-legged chambermaid" (Malamud 319), provides Fidelman\'s first turn towards artistic self-awareness and towards capturing the elusive "Venus of Urbino." She is a flat, static character, functioning solely as a touchstone for Fidelman to compare the naked and the nude. After fudging his first attempt to enhance her form, he "consider(s) her with half open eyes" (Malamud 326). After having her don one of the prostitute\'s slips, "Fidelman, with a lump in his throat, (gets) her to lie down with him on a dusty mattress in the room" (326). Her blatant nakedness hidden, Fidelman finds a conceptual beauty in the dull chambermaid. This leads to an uncontrollable lust. Instead of viewing her physical body to embrace a pure, aesthetic form, he covers her, viewing his imagination\'s pure feminine form and embracing her
Topics Related to The Elusive Form:
Nude art, Fiction, Nudity, Visual arts, American literature, Pictures of Fidelman, Erotic art, Nude, Fidelman, Venus, Bernard Malamud, Depictions of nudity
Essays Related to The Elusive Form:
The 1930s The Good Times and The Bad Times The 1930’s: The Good Times and The Bad Times The decade of the 1930’s can be characterized in two parts: The Great Depression, and the restoration of the American economy. America had been completely destroyed due to the Stock Market Crash of 1929. It was up to the government and people of the 1930’s to mend America’s wounds. One man stood up to this challenge, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He promised to fix the American economy, provide jobs, and help the needy. During The Great Depression, th
CENSORSHIP ON THE INTERNETA 43-year-old man from Boston was having a s CENSORSHIP ON THE INTERNETA 43-year-old man from Boston was having a steamy cyber affair with who he thought to be a23-year-old woman. He later found out the she, to his dismay, was an 80-year-old man living in aMiami nursing home. Things like this happen everyday, people mask their sex and age to avoid orattract attention on the Internet. This is only one of the reasons why the government wants tocensor the Internet. They claim they want to ‘protect’ the children by limiting the amount of‘re
The Golden Age of GreeceThe Golden Age of Greece The ancient statues and pottery of the Golden Stone Age of Greece were much advanced in spectacular ways. The true facts of Zeusâ€™s main reason for his statue. The great styles of the Kouros and the Kore. The story of The Blinding of Polphemus, along with the story of Cyclops. The Dori and Ionic column stone temples that were built in Greece that had an distinctive look. The true colors of the vase, Aryballos. The vase that carried liquids from one place to another. The
There is no avoiding war it can only be postponed Machiavelli Indeed There is no avoiding war; it can only be postponed... (Machiavelli) Indeed, this is true, as war has been a part of human culture since the beginning of time. Battles will be fought and wars will wage on; there is nothing that can be done. No matter how many pacts are signed, no matter how extraordinary the leader is, and no matter what race or religion, fighting is as unavoidable as the plague. The Renaissance brought tremendous enlightenment and development across Europe. Individuals were b
Hermes Carrying the Infant DionysosHermes Carrying the Infant Dionysos Sculpture has been a very important part of art history throughout thousands of years. For the past few months I have viewed many different kinds of sculpture, including Greek archaic sculptures, Greek classical sculptures, Greek Hellenistic sculptures and Roman sculptures. All of the sculptures that I have seen and analyzed have very interesting characteristics, but the one that I have analyzed most recently was the most fascinating. Hermes carrying the infan
Donatello was quoted saying I was the first--a revolutionary I was cre Donatello was quoted saying “I was the first--a revolutionary. I was creating a new kind of sculpture before the others were even born” (www.reniassancesculpture.com). Donatello was wise beyond his years. Little did he know that he was so right. He had many of breakthroughs in marble, bronze, and wood sculpture, including the first male nude since the Romans and the very first equestrian (horse and rider) statue. Donatello can be considered a genius. He rediscovered the classical past and at th
Michelangelo BuonarrotiMichelangelo Buonarroti One of the most famous artists ever known since the 16th century is a man by the name of Michelangelo Buonarroti. He has composed art that is both breathtaking and unmatched in such skills as painting, sculpture, architecture and poetry. Some of his most famous works of sculpture that he composed are standing in the Medici Chapel in Florence, Italy even today. I would like to speak of a particular piece contained in the Chapel entitled Tomb of Giuliano de’ Medici. First I
MonetMonet IF MONET IS REGARDED AS THE IMPRESSIONIST par excellence, one must admit that both Degas and Renoir also have their own special qualities. Cézanne, too, merits individual study, although his development in relation to later art seems to set him somewhat apart from the Impressionist movement as a whole. However, when considered with reference to Monet's life and work, the concepts applied in interpreting Impressionist art - in particular, those of the impression, the stroke, the contrast of
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1841-1919 Why shouldn't art be pretty? There are enough unpleasant things in the world. 3rd Period May 5, 2004 Pierre-Auguste Renoir was a renowned artist of the late 1800s. He enjoyed his job as an artist, which was unusual at the time. Many of the artists from his time period merely saw art as a duty. Almost sixty years of actively painting gave Renoir six thousand paintings, each one of them unique and special. Renoir was born in Limoges, France, on February 25, 1841, d
JOSQUIN DESPREZJOSQUIN DESPREZ 1440 - 1521 Desprez was considered one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music. Josquin Desprez was born in 1440. Desprez was born in an area ruled by a duke. It was named the Duchy of Burgundy in modern day Belgium. He lived mainly in Italy. Desprez died in 1521. Josquin Desprez did a lot of music work. He was involved with church work. Josquin was very religious. Desprez was employed in Milan. He was also a singer at the Papal Chapel in Rome. He was a music te
American Painting and sculptureAmerican Painting and sculpture 17th-Century Painting and Sculpture Colonial art reflects that of the European colonizing nations, adapted to the dangers and harsh conditions of a vast wilderness. Spanish influences prevailed in the West, while English styles, with a leaven of Dutch and French, predominated in the East. Outside the Southwest, native styles did not exert a lasting influence on colonial art. Like colonial architecture, 17th-century colonial painting reflects English styles of at l
The Masters of the Renaissance Leonardo Raphael Michelangelo and Donat The Masters of the Renaissance: Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, and Donatello The purpose of this project is to educate the reader more about these four magnificent artists who enlightened the Renaissance Era with their beautiful art work and with many other of their talents. Leonardo Da Vinci, who lived from 1452 to 1519, was a recognized inventor and artisan. He was born in the town of Vinci, Italy. His upbringing was very good, he was given the best education that money could offer and he b
Sex and the nude in the USA Sex and the nude in the U.S.A WAK “Lock and Key united” The nude body has become a part of our every day lives. We see nude on television, on billboards, in books, and everywhere. It has now become an attention grabber that implies sex. It is hard to find any advertisement that does not at least imply sex. When you see alcohol advertisement you see an attractive man or woman (often both) with close contact implying that this drink could possibly get you sex, or make you sexy. With cigarette adv
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle A Critical Postmodern TheCarnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord’s Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic administ
A Study of a Dionysiac SarcophagusA Study of a Dionysiac Sarcophagus In the Los Angeles County Art Museum A man dies. He winds his way down into the underworld to reach the banks of the river Acheron where he meets the ferryman Charon. He takes a coin from his mouth to pay the toll across. On the opposite bank he is greeted by a Maenad or perhaps Bacchus himself who offers him a kylix of wine. Drinking deep, the man is transformed and resurrected from death to a higher plane. Instead of living a miserable dream in the underworld
Footprints on the Subway GrateFootprints on the Subway Grate. If there was any one woman in Hollywood who could live forever, any one lady who would live in the American hearts as the goddess of showbiz it would be Marilyn Monroe. She dazzled the public as the sex symbol of Hollywood. Her beauty, grace and charm immortalized her. But, surprisingly enough, Marilyn Monroe lives on, not because she was a wonderful actress, but because of her risque actions, her child like sexy behavior and the puzzlement of her refusal of happi
With the examples of contemporary Western Art as opposed to the periodWith the examples of contemporary Western Art, as opposed to the period they are depicting, used in the lecture by Sand Kakuda there can be seen vast amounts of themes being played upon that are distinctly related to the Greco- Roman Era. Since these cultures are the primary beginnings of Western Civilization it is safe to say that their lifestyles, socially and politically, and works of art have served as a model and basis for art in cultures and generations to come. The legacy of the Greco-Rom
For Arts SakeFor Art’s Sake For an artist, whether he is a painter or a sculptor, art is an effective medium for him to express his innermost sentiments, very similar to how one’s handwriting is often used to interpret the character of an individual. Art allows the artist to unleash his creativity, which is fueled by his passions and his environment. Often, an artist’s work is a personal interpretation of the pulse or character of his period. Sometimes, his works are so great that it captures the spirit of t
Dylan Valade Dylan Valade AH 101-57 15 Oct. 1998 Dr. Koch I. A religious basis is one of the few similarities Gothic cathedrals and Greek temples share. The enormous size and intricate details of each building show the city's wealth, power, and pride. The interior of Gothic cathedrals depends on natural light while it's the exterior of Greek temples that benefits from sunlight. Temples and cathedrals serve mainly to present a physical way for people to feel more spiritual. These buildings served as places o
Italy began to flourish in the 15th century and began to become a rich Italy began to flourish in the 15th century and began to become a rich state. Italian cities grew in population and wealth structuring a new order and class in Italy. Humanism, exploration and trade caused medieval Europe to transform into the modern world. As the Italian cities began to grow, idealist's concepts became more open to society. These idealists would begin the birth of humanism. Literature was becoming more open allowing people like Francesco Petrarch, the father of humanism to b
Marcel Duchamp is considered Marcel Duchamp is considered as one of the most influential artists of the 20th Century by the modern art world. Duchamp, who participated in artistic movements from Fauvism to Surrealism, was an innovator and a revolutionary within the art world. Duchamp, being a founding force in the Dada movement, was also a main influencing factor of the development of the 20th Century avant-garde art. All in all Duchamp has become a legend within the art world. Marcel Duchamp was born on July 28,1887 in Bl
John Lennon is considered to be one of the most influential people in John Lennon is considered to be one of the most influential people in the history of music. He took the initiative to stand up and speak for an entire generation. He sung about freedom, peace and solutions to the world’s problems. Many of the people of this generation lived vicariously through him and his lyrics. In a society where people worked for the government, he urged them to stand up and fight to make the government work for them. Lennon saw that there was more to life than jobs, schools
Greek Sculpture Greek Sculpture K. Hall Ancient History Greek artists remain, to this day, to be some of the most skilled craftspeople in the history of the world. The culture especially excelled in its sculptures. Although few artifacts have survived intact, these items are enough to provide us with significant knowledge of the materials, styles, and techniques and were used thousands of years ago. The sculpture of the ancient Greeks was harmonious, orderly and unified. Artists focused on the idealized human
Feminist Musuem PaperFeminist Musuem Paper Adam Fleming Introduction to Art Prof. Gillian Cannel December 4, 1998 The writing of this paper concerns the comparison and contrasting of two works of art found at the Carnagie Musuem of Art. Both works depict images of women in an interesting and captivating manner, and a visual analysis of each work will be given. The issues of feminism in art will also be discussed, and more specifically how feminism concerns these individual works. The first work is Evening by W. H.
The Internet Pornography and ChildrenThe Internet, Pornography, and Children Why should anyone be concerned about pornography on the Internet? After all, this is a free country and everyone should have access to anything they want, right? This position would be true if only adults used the Internet; it can not be true when children also use the Internet. Most people would agree that children should not have access to Internet sites that are considered pornographic. Does that mean that children should not be allowed Internet access
Salvador DaliSalvador Dali From the real to the surreal, Salvador Dali embodied it all. Once he was satisfied with his abilities to mimic what he saw in the world, he began to play with objects and space. He comprehended, perfected and finally transcended realism and his work became much more than paint on canvas. In a forward that transpersonal psychologist Ken Wilber did for Alex Greyâ€™s book Sacred Mirrors: The Visionary Art of Alex Grey, he stresses that all of us possess the eye of flesh, the eye of mi
MichaelangeloMichaelangelo In the time of the Renaissance there were many artists but one really stood out to me, he was Michelangelo. He stood out the most to me because he had some of the most beautiful work I have ever seen. He painted some of the most beautiful building that is still around today. One of the most that I enjoyed looking at was the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. It took him a lot of time to paint the entire building. I feel this was his best piece of art ever. He had many accomplishments t
Analysis of the Human Cultural IdentityAnalysis of the Human Cultural Identity This paper is intended to contain the analysis of the human cultural identity, as seen in the following five historical cultural periods: Enlightenment Culture; Greco-Roman Culture; Judeo-Christian Culture; Renaissance-Reformation Culture; and Industrialization-Modernism Culture. It also embodies examples of each era that are clearly stated, and how they relate to the cultural period. The cultural identity of the Enlightenment can be described as emphasizi
Plato's The SymposiumPlato's The Symposium In Greek culture around the time of Plato, the perfect ideal person was considered. Plato’s idea that there was a perfect world of ideas affected this pieces subject and the subject’s action. Many works of his time period were sculptures that were meant to be viewed from all angles, attempting to be a closer match to that of the ideal. This idea that the ideal world was real and what matter not the physical also effect the actions depicted in many works of this time perio
Tales of the CityTales of the City Christoph Jeff Micklon's Book Report FOR ENG 744.3 Gay Literature Dr. John Bowers Spring 1996 Armistead Maupin When you sense the affection where people enfold their loving kindness you are probably amidst the tenants of 28 Barbary Lane, San Francisco 94109. Perhaps ‘tenants' is the wrong word, it should be something more like a friendly community of people. In Tales of the City , by Armistead Maupin, the characters are intertwined with togetherness. The mother of all mothers,
ArtemisArtemis Artemis Artemis was born of Leto and Zeus, on the island of Delos, later helping with the delivery of her twin brother, Apollo. Some sources state that her actual birthplace is not Delos, but an island called Ortygia. Although the two islands could be one and the same, it is not clear. In helping with the birth of her brother Artemis fulfilled her role as a goddess of childbirth (which she shares with Eileithyia and Hera). She is the goddess of chastity, the hunt and the moon, too. But I
MichaelangeloMichaelangelo Michelangelo was pessimistic in his poetry and an optimist in his artwork. Michelangelo’s artwork consisted of paintings and sculptures that showed humanity in it’s natural state. Michelangelo’s poetry was pessimistic in his response to Strazzi even though he was complementing him. Michelangelo’s sculpture brought out his optimism. Michelangelo was optimistic in completing The Tomb of Pope Julius II and persevered through it’s many revisions trying to complete his vision. Sculpture
MichelangeloMichelangelo During the dates 1475-1564 there were many famous painters working all around the world. One of which was Michelangelo. He painted and sculpted many famous items that are still talked about today. Michelangelo led a very buisy life, as of which you will be reading about today. Michelangelo was born in 1475 in a small village of Caprese near Arezzo At the age of 13 michelangelo’s father Ludovico Buonarroti placed michelangelo in the workshop of the painter Domenico Ghirlandaio throug
The Golden Age Of GreeceThe Golden Age Of Greece The ancient statues and pottery of the Golden Stone Age of Greece were much advanced in spectacular ways. The true facts of Zeus’s main reason for his statue. The great styles of the Kouros and the Kore. The story of The Blinding of Polphemus, along with the story of Cyclops. The Dori and Ionic column stone temples that were built in Greece that had an distinctive look. The true colors of the vase, Aryballos. The vase that carried liquids from one place to another. The L
Women Of Ancient GreeceWomen Of Ancient Greece The Women of Greece: A Transition from Ancient Power to Classical Subservience For the most part, women in today’s society hold a position equal to that of a man; however, this has not always been the case. Women’s conquest for political and social freedom is a battle that has gone on for centuries. Perhaps the breaking point in women’s liberation was the Women’s Movement of the 1900’s, which encouraged women all over America to join in the fight for their right to vote.
Michelangelo BuonarrotiMichelangelo Buonarroti Michelangelo Buonarroti was born in 1475. He was born in a small town called Caprese, in Tuscany, Italy. Michelangelo was one of the most famous artists of the Italian Renaissance. According to Charles de Tolnay Michelangelo's three greatest works of his later life, were the Tomb of Pope Julius II, the Sistine Chapel ceiling, and the Medici Chapel(37). Michelangelo's specialty was painting the human body unclothed. In order to learn to paint the human body so well he woul
Andrew WytheAndrew Wythe Andrew Wythe Andrew Wythe was an amazing artist full of imagination, feelings, and compassion for his work. He has a great portfolio of work consisting of his two major styles of work, realistic and abstract. A lot of his personal life goes into each painting he creates. Each piece can usually be linked back to the life he lived and fond memories he wished to preserve. Andrew was born in Maine and has quite a history to be told from living there. He has been painting for fifty years
Kelleann Kerekes Kelleann Kerekes Professor Conrad ART 112 Feb. 12th, 2004 Michelangelo When someone mentions artist to me, I automatically think of Michelangelo. What instantly comes to mind are his sculptures, not paintings. More precisely, the image that floods my head the most is the beautiful statue of David. I have been granted with the opportunity to travel to Europe and actually view much of Michelangelo's work face to face. Seeing these art forms in person was much more meaningful and dramatically im
The Apples of CezanneThe Apples of Cezanne Art and the World II In his remarkable essay “The Apples of Cezanne: An Essay on the Meaning of Still-life” Meyer Schapiro tries to make a profound psychological analysis of the use of still-life in Cezanne’s works, based on the meaning and the conscious and unconscious relevance of the painter’s choice of subject matter. In his attempts to underline certain features of the 19th century artist’s paintings Schapiro relies on connections and references to the painters who mos
Les Demoiselles dAvignonLes Demoiselles d’Avignon Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (see appendix, figure1) was the prototype of the art movement ‘Cubism’. It was painted by the artist Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and its style resembled nothing within the antiquity of the Western world. Its intentions were of a revolutionary nature; and its achievements were nothing short of its expectations. As Cubism developed, its representation of the subject became increasingly void of naturalistic appearance, until it was bordering on pure
The Catholic ChurchThe Catholic Church September 13, 2004 History text assignment # 1, Pg. 67 3) “Vain is the hope of salvation through letters of pardon, even is a commissary- nay, the Pope himself- were to pledge his own soul for them.” Looking at this statement Luther is trying to state that people have useless hope for writing letters of forgiveness, and paying donations for their sins to be forgiven. The Pope doesn’t even care of the people’s sins he’s only there for the money he is collecting from the poor.
A Description of Claude Monets View of Bennecourt A Description of Claude Monet’s View of Bennecourt Claude Monet, View of Bennecourt, 1887, Oil on Canvas. This essay will attempt to provide a written description of Claude Monet’s 1887 painting View of Bennecourt. In the following, attention will be paid to the pivotal images contained within the canvas, with a focus on those objects which dominate the foreground of the image, namely, the trees and shadows which lead the viewer to the remainder of the composition. Due to the complexity of the
Celestial Eyes -- from Metamorphosis to Masterpiece Celestial Eyes -- from Metamorphosis to Masterpiece by Charles Scribner III 1. Francis Cugat's jacket for The Great Gatsby. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1925. First Edition Facsimile published by Collectors Reprints, Inc., New York, 1988. In my 1990 F. Scott Fitzgerald seminar at the University of South Carolina, I discussed the thematic connections between The Great Gatsby and its original dust jacket, mentioning the mystery of Francis Cugat (or F. Coradal-Cugat). Little is known about t
Asher LevAsher Lev I Comes Before â€śUâ€ť in the Alphabet and in Happiness Throughout life, one faces many responsibilities that could be taken upon; furthermore, sometimes one responsibility conflicts with another, causing a person to struggle to find which responsibility is more important in his life. In addition, for one to live his life in a manner that would make others content would be foolish, because this person would feel unsatisfied with his accomplishments and no one else would be completely p