THE DRUMS
>
> INTRODUCTION
>
> The drum set is a relatively new instrument compared to other
>percussion instruments. The drums are different from other instruments
>in a way, The drumset is constantly changing due to the demands of new
>music styles and advancements in technology. There are various types of
>drums, although my essay will be dealing mostly with the modern acoustic
>drumset. The best way to keep up with modern drumming and new technology
>is to read drum magazines regularly. Another good way to keep up with
>modern drumming, which I would consider best, would be to listen to all
>types of modern music such as Rock, Rap, Jazz and many more.
>
> TYPES OF DRUMS
>
> There are three basic types of drums used in the modern drumset these
>drums are called the bass drums, the tom drums and the snare drums. Each
>drum has its own size and design. The size of a drum is determined by
>the measurements of the bare shell before anything is added on.
>Measurements of the drum is usually given in inches, the first
>measurement would be the depth of the shell and the second measurement
>would be the diameter. Every drum has a batter head wich is struck by
>either a stick or a foot pedal. If a second head is used at the other
>end of the drum it is called a resonator head. Lets start with the bass
>drum.
>
> THE BASS DRUM
>
> The bass drum is obviously the bass or low pitch drum in the set. The
>bass drum is set on the floor with the batter of the drum facing
>vertically so that a foot pedal may be used to hit the drum. The
>standard depth of a bass drum shell is 14" and standard shell diameters
>range anywhere from 18"-26". During the history of the drumset various
>bass sizes have been used for certain types of music. The most common
>size bass drums used now are either 16" x 22" or 14" x 22". Smaller bass
>drums are often used by jazz drummers to get a more soft and mellow
>sound, for example 14" x 20" or 16" x 20" are a few of the sizes used by
>jazz drummers. Larger bass drums are often used by rock drummers to get
>a heavier sound they usually use 16" x 24" or 16 x 26" sized bass drums.
>The size of these drums is are the average sizes. Not every drummer
>follows those guide lines. Some drummers choose different
>characteristics for a number of reasons. A lot of drummers like to be
>original and have their own original sound they also might make
>different choices for weight when transporting, sound quality ECT... The
>basic drumset usually has one bass drum. Some drummers use two bass
>drums often of the same size but sometimes different sizes. Using two
>bass drums allow the drummer to play beats that are too fast to handle
>with one bass drum. The invention of the double pedal has allowed
>drummers to use one bass drum instead of two, however some drummers
>still use two so that they can use more tom drums or just to make the
>drumset look superior to others.
>
> THE TOM DRUMS
>
> The Toms were originally known as tom-toms but modern day they are just
>know as "the toms". The toms are the mid range pitched drums of the set.
>They are played with sticks, brushes or mallets. The toms may be mounted
>on a stand, they may also be mounted on to a holder attached to the bass
>drum or they may have legs of their own. The shell dimensions of the
>toms can vary from manufacturer and interest of the drummer. Diameters
>of tom drums vary anywhere from 6" to 18". The depth of the shell
>increases as the diameter increases. Smaller toms are mounted on stands
>or holders they are called mounted toms. The larger toms wich are
>supported by legs and stand on the floor are called floor toms. The
>depth and diameter of the mounted toms started at 9" x 13" and the floor
>tom was 16" x 16".
>These figures were reduced to 8" x 12" and 14" x 14" because of smaller
>drum sets. As music changed and technology advanced the drums were made
>in more sizes for different tastes and interests. The introduction of
>extended depth toms brought even more selection in the size of toms.
>Some manufacturer use a ratio of one or two inches such as 11" x 12" or
>10" x 12". Some manufacturer use "square" dimension shells such as 12" x
>12". The