This essay THE DEATH PENALTY: has a total of 1787 words and 9 pages.
THE DEATH PENALTY:
TO BE OR NOT TO BE...
For the past several months Americans have regularly listed crime and violence as the number - one problem facing the nation, far surpassing worries over the economy or health care.
Despite the many government and community initiatives launched during recent years to reduce crime, most Americans see no improvement. In a 1993 survey asking respondents if they felt crime was increasing or decreasing in their areas, only 5 % felt that it was decreasing, a full 93 % felt that crime was either increasing or staying the same. And it is not just statistics: I consider myself along with those 93 %. Because while Guiliani administration is talking about crime rates in the New York City going down, all I see and hear in the media are reports about horrible crimes committed by New Yorkers.
As George Pettinico states in his article " Crime and punishment: America changes it\'s mind ": The media\'s extensive coverage of crime, especially the most brutal and horrific cases have heightened the public\'s fear and anger over this issue to a near frenzy. When asked in January of this year, " How often do you see reports of violent crime on television ? " 68 % replied " almost every day ".
Although the media have played an important role in raising the public\'s awareness of lawlessness, crime in America is far from a media - created phenomenon. Government statistics support the image of a nation which has overwhelmingly lost the war against crime. For instance, in 1960 there were 161 reported violent crimes per 100,000 people By 1992, the figure had jumped to 758 per 100,000 -- a rise of over 350 %.
More and more people today are starting to think that something is terribly wrong when a modern, civilized nation must confront statistics like these. The American public is demanding an end to this violence, and surveys show that they believe swift and harsh punishment is the most appropriate and effective means to these ends.
The death penalty, or as it is sometimes being called " capital punishment " is the hardest punishment that could be received when a person is convicted of a capital offense. Until recently it did not exist in New York State but after new governor, George Pataki was elected he managed to bring it back. Since September 1, 1994 the death penalty law was in effect. And even though, as far as I know, there is no strong statistical evidence that the death penalty lowers the murder rate, many people were very happy with that decision. What they probably though was " some people would not commit a murder, rape or another violent crime if they would know that they could get on a death row for that ".
However, my personal opinion is that death penalty has to be justified on its own goodness, rather than by some pragmatic result it brings about. The governor and legislature of New York State evidently agree with this contention, for they enacted a death penalty law in the face of falling rates for murder and other serious crimes.
Currently there are two opinions about the death penalty law. First opinion is that the existence of such a law helps keeping the crime rates down. The opposite one is about a fact that killing people should not be done by anybody, including state and federal law enforcement system. Let us take a closer look on both of those opinions.
Bringing the death penalty law back to life was a part of Gov. George Pataki\'s election program. As we have seen learned from the media and from the results of numerous surveys, a quite large number of people who supported George Pataki, were doing that mainly because of this part of his program.
But does having a death penalty law actually help keeping the crime rates down? The answer is in the statistics: it turns out that the violent crime rates in New York State did not go down for the past year since the death penalty law was in effect. Another thing that would surprise those who support death penalty is it\'s price. The fact is: each death penalty case costs about 2.3
Topics Related to THE DEATH PENALTY:
Capital punishment, Penology, Murder, Capital punishment debate in the United States, Capital punishment in the United States
Essays Related to THE DEATH PENALTY:
The Boer War The Boer War The Boer War of 1899 was a dirty little conflict. It started a result of cultural resentment between the Boers (Dutch settlers) and immigrating British. At first, the war was fought with the honor typically associated with the British, but, in the end, it turned nasty. South Africa's Cape of Good Hope was colonized in the 17th century by Dutch Boers (farmers). The Boers used African slaves on their farms. Britain occupied the Cape during the Napoleonic wars and took complete contro
Harsher Penalties for Violent OffendersHarsher Penalties for Violent Offenders? Should violent offenders be forced to face heavier penalties for their crimes? I think so. And that there should also be some reforms made to our penal system. The death penalty serves its purpose, it kills, instills fear, and generally wastes tax-payers time and money. I think we need stiffer penalties as an alternative to the death penalty because some of the penalties we have now are becoming ineffective, because a lot of them are very expensive, and b
Capital Punishment Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's CrimiCapitalPunishment, Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's Criminal Judging System While CapitalPunishment has been one of the most feared things of our time, it is still being questioned if it is unconstitutional. The Death Penalty is being enforced in more than 100 countries in the world and are usually in used in politically-related cases. Although it has been the case in many countries throughout the world it has been said that the Death Penalty is cruel and unusual punishment whic
Capital PunishmentCapitalPunishment There is one question that has always brought about controversy. Should capitalpunishment be used as a way of disciplining criminals? Over the past twenty years, there has been an enormous increase in violent crimes. It seems logical that a person is less likely to commit a given act if by doing so he will suffer swift and certain punishment of a horrible kind. As most Americans agree, death is the only appropriate punishment for such crimes. In ancient times' executions were
Capital PunishmentCapitalPunishment Law&Justice Class Senior Year Mr. Carlisle Law and Justice 18 March 1995 The theory a life for a life is as old as civilization itself (McCiellan 9). The development of civilizations established what we call justice today. Capitalpunishment, the execution of a criminal convicted of a crime, or the legal taking of the life of a criminal, can be divided into three categories: first, crimes against the person; second, crimes against property; and third, crimes which endanger
Capital punishment is what I consider the legalCapitalpunishment is what I consider , “the legal” punishment of a criminal. Capitalpunishment has been used as a form of punishment for many years. At modern time, capitalpunishment is more controlled. Although, when capitalpunishment is mentioned it brings shivers down the back of most of society. Being it is a factor of death, capitalpunishment , should not be taken so lightly. The term capital does not represent or signify any ideas in the negative aspect. Capital is defined as first o
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz by Mordecai Richler In the novel The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, Mordecai Richler punishes Duddy for his wrongs against others in several ways. Each punishment fits the crime, and there is an irony about each one. The three punishments inflicted on Duddy at the end of the novel are the loss of Simcha’s love, the loss of his friends, and the absence of any funds to build on his property. The loss of Simcha’s love is a devastating blow for Duddy. This is e
Article Bible offers remedy for nations reaping what it has sowed Re Article: Bible offers remedy for nation’s reaping what it has sowed, Rev. Jim Williams. Orlando Sentinel Tribune, Section: Osceola Sentinel, page 5; August 24, 1996 Researching the issue of the right to bear arms was somewhat difficult at first because I really did not know what to focus on. I did find this article, though, and it really interested me because of the different perspective it took on the issue. The article starts off with a quote from the Bible, so the reader knows right away t
Capital PunishmentCapitalPunishment There is one question that has always brought about controversy. Should capitalpunishment be used as a way of disciplining criminals? Over the past twenty years, there has been an enormous increase in violent crimes. It seems logical that a person is less likely to commit a given act if by doing so he will suffer swift and certain punishment of a horrible kind. As most Americans agree, death is the only appropriate punishment for such crimes. In ancient times' executions wer
LawJustice Class Senior Year Law&Justice Class Senior Year Mr. Carlisle Law and Justice 18 March 1995 CapitalPunishment The theory a life for a life is as old as civilization itself (McCiellan 9). The development of civilizations established what we call justice today. Capitalpunishment, the execution of a criminal convicted of a crime, or the legal taking of the life of a criminal, can be divided into three categories: first, crimes against the person; second, crimes against property; and third, crimes which endange
Here ya gohave fun History Compare and Contrast the writings of Confuchere ya go...have fun History Compare and Contrast the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi, and the book of the dead Three of the most famous writings from ancient civilizations are the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi's code of laws, and Egypt's Book of the Dead. At first, they seem very different, they're from different times, regions, and religions, but they all offer a peek into what values ancient people considered important. One of the values that all three civilizations is justice and fairne
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT BELIEFS ON CAPITALPUNISHMENT The demands of our criminal justice system today, force society to practice the use of capitalpunishment. In 1972, the United States Supreme Court declared the death penalty “cruel and unusual punishment,” but this decision was reversed in 1978. The citizens of the United States have the right to enforce or ban the law of capitalpunishment on a state level. Since then, the punishments or scheduled punishments have increased at a steady rate. Religious beliefs amo
Alcatraz Island And PrisonAlcatraz Island And Prison Alcatraz Island has quite a distinct history. Many people know that Alcatraz served as a federal prison, but most are reluctant to know that this island served as fort. Built before the Civil War, it served two main purposes. First, that it was to guard the San Francisco bay area from enemy ships against a foreign invasion, and second, to hold hostage prisoners of war or POW's as they were called. In this report, I'll show you how this fortress came to be a federal pri
Hate and hysteria Author Murray Levin 1977 wrote AMcCarthyism in aHate and hysteria Author Murray Levin (1977) wrote, AMcCarthyism, in a capitalist society, produces extremism, intolerance, instability, and large scale repression (p.216). He also says that AThe promoters of mass politics raise the question of justice and attempt to play upon generalized resentments steaming from deeper layers of personality. The politics of mass society does not focus on group [email protected] The purpose of these politics is the defense of the ultimate truth. This Red scare starte
AshokaAshoka All men are my children. I am like a father to them. As every father desires the good and the happiness of his children, I wish that all men should be happy always. These are the words of an emperor who lived two thousand and three hundred years ago. We see in history how even mere chieftains grew arrogant and used their powers selfishly and unjustly. But the emperor who said the above words ruled over the greater part of India. He had the power of life and death over millions of his subj
Capital Punishment in AmericaCapitalPunishment in America The concept of a life for a life is as old as civilization itself (McCiellan 9). Capitalpunishment, the legal taking of the life of a criminal, has been utilized in response to three distinct catagories of offense. The three categories are: crimes against the person; crimes against property; and crimes which endanger the security of the nation (Horwitz 13). Capitalpunishment is still in use in the United States today, but has been abolished by many countries (II 5
The Death Penalty in the United StatesThe Death Penalty in the United States The death penalty is a controversial topic in the United States today and has been for a number of years. The death penalty is currently legal in 38 states and two federal jurisdictions (Winters 97). The death penalty statutes were overturned and then reinstated in the United States during the 1970's due to questions concerning its fairness (Flanders 50). The death penalty began to be reinstated slowly, but the rate of executions has increased during the 19
Modern and Primitive CulturesModern and Primitive Cultures Eng 101-06 May 6, 2001 People have to have a relationship with other people and the nature. It is necessary for the people. People who share a common place or a common language also share a common culture. A professor is named Deikman said that “Culture is the customs, ideas, and attitudes shared by a group, transmitted from generation by generation by learning processes rather than biological inheritance; adherence to these customs and attitudes is regulated by a s
Serial killersSerial killers Most people assume that they will be able to spot a serial killer, but they look just like any other normal person would. Some of them even act normal when other people are around but the fact is they have something really wrong. These are some characteristics that serial killers share: · They always have a plan · They have an incredible desire for power · They pick people weaker then themselves to attack (women, children) · They have calm and controlled personalities · They are e
Capital PunishmentCapitalPunishment Research Paper CCJ 3024 The topic of death as a punishment is so controversial that people have been debating it for many years. An eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth. But is death the ultimate punishment or just the ultimate revenge? There are many arguments for and against the death penalty and as I researched this topic, I do acknowledge that both sides have a convincing point of view. But I keep coming back to the same question, why do we kill as a punishment for killing? S
The American Heritage Dictionary defines capital punishment as the peThe American Heritage Dictionary defines capitalpunishment as the penalty of death for the commission of crime. The death sentence has been applied since ancient times as punishment for crimes ranging from petty theft to murder. In 1976, U.S. states began creating a bifurcated trial procedure that would legally allow imposing the sentence of death. The states did so in response to the 1972 (Furman vs. Georgia) Supreme court decision which ruled that death penalty statutes were too vague and a
Capital punishment serves justice to the victims and their families TaCapitalpunishment serves justice to the victims and their families. Taking the life of another individual exempts the taker of that life the right to live. For example, take the case of Stephanie Schmidt, a young woman who was brutally raped and murdered 5 years ago, outside of Pittsburg, Kansas. Her murderer, Donald Gideon, was a convicted sex offender. He received 40 years without parole, but does this really seem to be fitting for his crime. What does it say about the value of Stephanie's l
Death to the Death Penalty Death to the Death Penalty The death penalty is the punishment used in 38 states, and many other countries, as a way of disposing the people in society who are mentally or emotionally disturbed, love their families very much, have a bad temper, or just plain made a mistake. These reasons account for many homicides that take place each year. Capitol Punishment is just not humane and should not be legal. The argument most often used to support the death penalty in former-Soviet republics is the n
The Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights came about mainly because Antifederalists had criticized the Constitution for its lack of individual rights. They were not a part of the original U.S.Constitution. These rights that were promised to be added to the Constitution were called amendments. The Bill of Rights were adopted because some states refused to approve the Constitution unless the Bill of rights were added. During the summer of 1789, a congressional committee along with James Madison, reco
Sam Cayhall sat in his gloomy cell waiting for what was to be the last Sam Cayhall sat in his gloomy cell waiting for what was to be the last 10 minutes of his life. He sang nervously to himself as he waited to be directed to the gas chamber. All he had been thinking about in that past week was how the gas would burn its way down his throat and melt his lungs. The stories he had heard of the past executed were so bad that it left himself - a murderer - in the utmost horror. Although the execution itself was quick, it was considered to be the most excruciating and
Is it a wise move to abolish capital punishement Is it a wise move to abolish capital punishement? The question of capitalpunishment and its abolition is a highly debatable one. Capitalpunishment means death sentences. That is to say, a person found guilty of murder or some such outrageous crime is punished with death. The debate arises because of the fact that every human being has a right to live and that no one has the authority to deprive another of his life. Moral, legal sociological and even metaphysical argument are adduced in suppor
PETER THE GREAT PETER THE GREAT Peter, also known as Peter xiv, was a man known for his great complexity (Troyat, 14). He is known this for opening the door of progress up to the Russians. Some oppose of this door being opened and others applaud. Being torn between European ways and tradition left Peter’s reign both good and bad but often sought in both views. Peter, son of Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich, was born on May 30, 1972. He began his reign of Russia in 1700. Peter ruled Russia in an absolute monarchy. Whi
One of the most controversial issues in the rights of juveniles today One of the most controversial issues in the rights of juveniles today is addressed in the question, Should the death penalty be applied to juveniles? For nearly a century the juvenile courts have existed to shield the majority of juvenile offenders from the full weight of criminal law and to protect their entitled special rights and immunities. In the case of kent vs. United states in 1996, Justice Fortas stated some of these special rights which include; Protection from publicity, confin
Generally feminism means the advocacy of women's rights to full Generally, feminism means the advocacy of women's rights to full citizenship--that is, political, economic, and social equality with men. Feminism encompasses some widely differing views, however, including those advocating female separatism. Modern feminism, which was born with the great democratic revolutions of the 18th century (American and French), differed from its precursors in applying the democratic implications of the rights of man and the citizen to women as a group. Abigail Adams
Beware of Death Beware of Death Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death. Dickens repeatedly uses this famous Revolutionary slogan in his A Tale of Two Cities, a novel written about the evils of the French Revolution. However, this slogan does not reflect Dickens' attitude toward death. Although Dickens seems to sympathize with the Revolutionary cause, he condemns the mass executions and horrible crimes committed by the revolutionaries. Living in England at a time when revolution loomed as an ominous possibil
The Hittites The Hittites So who exactly are the Hittites you ask? A group of people in the ancient Middle East obviously, but who are they? Who did they worship, and how did they get their food? The answers to the questions were untold until recently when the Hittites were finally recognized as one of the Great Powers of the Middle East much like the Egyptains or the Assyrians at the time. This established group of people created a kingdom in what we now know as Turkey and Syria. This big area of land was
Capital punishment nowhere in the world could you find a more deeply rCapitalpunishment, nowhere in the world could you find a more deeply rooted debate over one subject than with this controversial issue. Many questions have been raised to try analyzing this enormous debate. Here are some of the questions raised. Does the death penalty actually deter crime more effectively that other punishment? Is the death penalty another form of cruel treatment and torture? When someone is giving the sentence of death have his or her human rights been violated? If the death
AmericaAmerica America, the Revenge-Minded Nation, has created the conditions for a rising crime rate, and invited her people in. Crime in America has become a multibillion dollar Corporation for the Judicial System. The Corporation itself breeds white collar Criminals. The little man is nothing more than a tax slave who, at the cost of being revenge-minded, has bought into the problem, and not the solution. Good people in the middle are held in prisons of fear is the crime rate rises around them. Soma
Constitution Of The United States Of AmericaConstitution Of The United States Of America Constitution of The United States of America Preamble The Constitution consists of a preamble, 7 articles , and 27 amendments. The first part of the constitution is the Preamble. The Preamble explains the purpose for writing the Constitution and the main ideas to be carried out by the government and the people in order to make a more perfect union. Each purpose of the preamble had a special meaning to statesmen in seventeen eighty nine. The purpose wa
Criminological TheoriesCriminological Theories There are many different aspects of criminal justice policy. One in particular is the different theories of crime and how they affect the criminal justice system. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capitalpunishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people. Positivist criminology is maintaining the control of human behavior and criminal behavior. They did this through three different categories of Biological studies, which a
The Apprenticeship Of Duddy KravitzThe Apprenticeship Of Duddy Kravitz The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz by Mordecai Richler In the novel The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, Mordecai Richler punishes Duddy for his wrongs against others in several ways. Each punishment fits the crime, and there is an irony about each one. The three punishments inflicted on Duddy at the end of the novel are the loss of Simcha's love, the loss of his friends, and the absence of any funds to build on his property. The loss of Simcha's love is a de
The Bill of RightsThe Bill of Rights How many rights do you have? You should check, because it might not be as many today as it was a few years ago, or even a few months ago. Some people I talk to are not concerned that police will execute a search warrant without knocking or that they set up roadblocks and stop and interrogate innocent citizens. They do not regard these as great infringements on their rights. But when you put current events together, there is information that may be surprising to people who have
GangsGangs Introduction I. -A Los Angeles family takes a wrong turn into gang territory and is fired upon. A 3-year-old is killed and her 2-year-old brother wounded. -A Chinese immigrant in Brooklyn is kidnapped by a Chinatown gang which demands ransom payments from her family. She is murdered when the family fails to pay. -Two FBI agents and a police sergeant are murdered inside the Washington, D.C. police headquarters by a gang member. -A Pittsburgh police sergeant walking home with his daughter is
Who Do We Think We AreWho Do We Think We Are? 1 Who Do We Think We Are? CapitalPunishment is the penalty of death for a crime. The most common criminals who are executed are convicted murderers. What message is that sending? The use of capitalpunishment sends the message that murder is okay, as long as it is applied to the right person. The application of capitalpunishment in our society is hypocritical. It has no place in the judicial system. The way we handle the punishment of capital crimes is pathetic! There a
The Roots of Judaism and ChristianityThe Roots of Judaism and Christianity (i) Judaism: The Jews are a people who trace their descent from the biblical Israelites and who are united by the religion called Judaism. They are not a race; Jewish identity is a mixture of ethnic, national, and religious elements. An individual may become part of the Jewish people by conversion to Judaism; but a born Jew who rejects Judaism or adopts another religion does not entirely lose his Jewish identity. In biblical times the Jews were divided into
Capital PunishmentCapitalPunishmentCapitalPunishment There has been many controversies in the history of the United States, ranging from abortion to gun control, but capitalpunishment has been one of the most hotly contested issues in recent decades. Capitalpunishment is the legal infliction of the death penalty on persons convicted of a crime. It is not intended to inflict any physical pain or any torture; it is only another form of punishment. It is irrevocable because it removes those punished from societ
8th Amendment8th Amendment The Eighth Amendment The 8th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States prohibits cruel and unusual punishment, as well as the setting of excessive bail or the imposition of excessive fines. However, it has also been deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States (according to the Eighth Amendment)to inflict physical damage on students in a school environment for the purpose of discipline in most circumstances. The 8th Amendment stipulates that bail shall
VietnamVietnam The Socialist Republic of Vietnam consists of the former Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the former Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). The division of the country resulted from the defeat of the French by Communist-inspired nationalists in 1954. A prolonged civil war resulted in a victory for the Communist north, and reunification occurred in mid-1976. Physical Setting Vietnam has an area of 127,207 square miles (329,465 square kilometers) and is located in Southeast
Compare and Contrast the writings of Confucius Hammurabi and the book Compare and Contrast the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi, and the book of the dead Three of the most famous writings from ancient civilizations are the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi's code of laws, and Egypt's Book of the Dead. At first, they seem very different, they're from different times, regions, and religions, but they all offer a peek into what values ancient people considered important. One of the values that all three civilizations is justice and fairness. I feel that this is best v
If the United States had entered early into World War IIif the United States had entered early into World War II What if the United States had entered early into World War II? If they had joined forces with Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany would any of the tragic events that occurred during those years still be written in history? From Pearl Harbor and concentration camps to communism and the Cold War—its feasible to believe that some, if not all, of these “bumps in the road” could have been anticipated and prevented? If only President Roosevelt had bee
Three Famous WritingsThree Famous Writings Three of the most famous writings from ancient civilizations are the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi's code of laws, and Egypt's Book of the Dead. At first, they seem very different, they're from different times, regions, and religions, but they all offer a peek into what values ancient people considered important. One of the values that all three civilizations is justice and fairness. I feel that this is best viewed in Hammurabi's laws. All of the penalties for the crimes
Two Wrongs Don't Make a RightTwo Wrongs Don't Make a Right? David Todd Eng. 102 Arnett Essay #5 The question of whether capitalpunishment is right or wrong is a truly tough choice to make. Capitalpunishment (death penalty) is legal because the government of the United States of America says that it is all right to execute another human being if their crimes are not punishable by other means. There are many different forms of capitalpunishment. Some of the most popular ones have been hanging, firing squad, electrocution (
Is the Criminal Justice System Racially BiasedIs the Criminal Justice System Racially Biased? Most criminologist use two sources of criminal justice data in the United States: the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS). The URC data is made from law enforcement agencies and include crime incidents reported to or obtained by the police. NCVS data is obtained from a very complex national survey of a sample of homes and provide information about crime incidents and victims for both reported and unreport
Marranos A Lost PeopleMarranos: A Lost People Some people might call them New Jews, some New Christians, and others call them Marranos. The majority of the world population has no idea who the Marranos are. To begin to explain these secret people, one must first receive a lesson in World History. We will begin in the 1492. In school, we are brainwashed to connect the year 1492 with the year that Columbus discovered the New World. Yet, if we look at the year 1492, there are other occurrences which are noteworthy. For
Opposing The Death PenaltyOpposing The Death Penalty Taking this course has made me ponder on many issues which I never deemed worthy of my thoughts. I always considered the death penalty one of those things which I never had to concern myself with. First of all I'm not planning to commit any vial crimes, and I don't think anyone I care about has those plans either. Secondly, I've never been conscious or concerned with the likes of criminals. When we began speaking on the subject, I thought we were only going to talk abo