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In Arthur Miller's play "The Crucible", the two main characters have two very important and unlike motivations that pushed them in the play. Abigail Williams' main motivation for starting the witchcraft allegations was to seek revenge on John Proctor and his wife, Goody Proctor. John Proctor's main motivation in the play was save his name and the name of his wife and children. The two main characters in the play, John Proctor and Abigail Williams have two very important and totally unlike motivations, but share a common goal to save their lives.
Abigail's main motivation for starting the witchcraft allegation was to seek revenge against John and Goody Proctor. Proctor had an affair with Abigail and she fell in love with him. The reason why Proctor and Abigail fornicated was because Goody Proctor fell ill and she was sick for a while. Abigail just happened to be Proctors servant. Proctor then realized that he made a mistake and wanted nothing to do with her. He kicked her out of his house. She resented this and seeked revenge on Goody Proctor. She thought that the only way to have Proctor all to herself was to accuse Goody Proctor of witchcraft. Reverend Hale states, "I know not if you are aware, but your wife's name is-mentioned in the court." (Page 61) Now that Abigail and her friends have accused all of these innocent people of witchcraft, she has to continue on with the accusations or she will hang for lying about witchcraft.
Proctor's motivation for not signing the confession paper was to save his name and the name of his wife and children. If he would have signed the confession, it would have saved his life, but it would have been hung outside the church's doors for the entire town to see. If this had occurred, they would have thought he was guilty. Even though Proctor knew he was innocent, he knows the townspeople would think he was not. Proctor says, "Because it is my name! Because I cannot have another in my life! Because I lie and sign myself to lies!" (Page 138) He would have not only been a disgrace to the townspeople for signing the confession, the other accused would have been disappointed in him. They knew they were innocent along with Proctor. By signing this, he would have been giving up what he believed and his morals. "I have given you my soul, now leave me my name." (Page 138)
John Proctor and Abigail Williams are the main characters of the play who have two very important and totally different motivations. They share the common goal of saving each of their lives. They both try their hardest to fight for what they want to achieve and they both fall short. Abigail wanted Goody Proctor dead so that she could have John. The inverse happens and John ends up dead leaving Goody Proctor alive to care for their children alone. John tries to save his life and keep his family together, but he ends up being hanged fighting for his life.
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Salem witch trials, The Crucible, John Proctor, Abigail Williams, John Hale, Arthur Miller, Goody, Abigail, Proctor, Elizabeth Proctor
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