The Contrasts of the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party
Andrew Reich
8-4
With the creation of the United States Government two parties were formed. One party was the Federalist Party, and the other party was the Democratic-Republican Party. There were very few similarities between the two parties, yet there were quite a few contrasts between the two parties. Although it is often difficult to discern differences between today’s political parties, the Democrats and the Republicans, the differences between the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party were quite evident.

One major difference was the type of people involved in each party and what these people felt about the French Revolution. First off, the Federalists were made up by and were also led by wealthy aristocrats. The Anti-Federalists were made up of ordinary Americans, such as small farmers, tradesman, and shopkeepers, yet the Anti-Federalists were led by well respected educated wealthy businessmen. Second off, the Federalists felt that the French Revolution was nothing like the well-organized American Revolution. They felt that it was a crazed, bloodthirsty crowd, cutting participants of the royal family’s heads off in the public squares. Yet the Anti-Federalists felt there was not a difference between the American Revolution and the French Revolution. They felt that the French people were just standing up for what they felt were their rights, which the King of France had taken away from them. Third off, The Federalists were led by John Adams, and Alexander Hamilton. The Anti-Federalists were led by Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison.


Another major difference was the two parties different beliefs on powers of national and state governments. The Federalists wanted a relatively strong National Government and weak state governments. Also, the Federalists wanted the National Government to safeguard their property and protect their businesses from foreign competition, and they wanted a Protective Tariff to insure the safety of their sales of their businesses from foreign competition. The Anti-Federalists wanted stronger state governments and limited powers to the National Government. Plus, the Anti-Federalists wanted a Bill of Rights, and a written document called the Constitution. They wanted the Constitution and the state governments to protect them from the federal govt.. The Federalists wanted the Constitution to be loose and always up for interpretation so that they could manipulate the Government to do what they want. The Anti-Federalists wanted the Constitution to be strict, word for word, and no interpretation.

Another major difference was the two parties different beliefs on a National Bank. The Federalists wanted a National Bank so they could pay off the American Revolution War debt. The Anti-Federalists did not want a National Bank because it would be too hard for small farmers and businessmen to borrow money. The Alien and Sedition Acts made it possible for the Federalists to create a National Bank, because the Alien and Sedition Acts refrained the Anti-Federalists from protesting the National Bank.

Do to the various contrasts between Federalists and Anti-Federalists, it is obvious that one day one party would someday fade away from politics. This is exactly what happened to the Federalist Party. By 1824, the Federalist Party was no more, even in their strongest area of the country they faded away. The reason that the Federalist party faded away is that there were many more immigrants and small farmers than there were wealthy and educated men. Plus, the majority of the United States became small farmers, tradesman, and shopkeepers. The Federalists were now the minority and were voted out on everything. The Democratric-Republicans controlled both the Congress and the majority of other elected offices in various parts of the country. The Democratic-Republican Party also controlled the election for forty years after the election of Jefferson. There were two important reasons that the Democratic-Republicans succeeded. One reason is that they represented the interests of the ordinary Americans. The second reason is that they appealed to a wide variety of voters.