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The Cold War
The Cold War was known as an open yet restricted rivalry that developed after the World War II between the U.S. and the Soviet Union and their allies. The Cold war was fought for political and economic reasons. Their range of weapons was limited. Although both sides had nuclear weapons both sides were also sacred of using them in actual combat. The term, "Cold War", was first
used by the American financier and presidential adviser Bernard Baruch during a congressional debate.
During the late 1940ís and the early 1950ís the Cold War got more intense. At this time, the United States and itís European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO, which it was called, was in fact a unified military attack command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe. Subsequent events, including the rejection by Eastern European nations of the European Recovery Program and the creation of the Cominform, led to the Brussels Treaty signed by most western European countries. Among the goals of that pact was the collective defense of itís members. The Berlin blockade that began in March 1948 led to negotiations between Western Europe, Canada, and the United States that resulted in the North Atlantic Treaty.
Another influential causes of the Cold War was when the Soviet-supported Communist government of North Korea invaded U.S.-supported South Korea in 1950. This was later formally known as the Korean War. It first began as a war when the north invaded the south. The conflict swiftly developed into a limited international war involving the United States, and 19 other nations. From a general viewpoint, the Korean War was one of the by-products of the cold war. The reason the North Koreans attacked the South had to do with internal Korean Politics north and south of the 38th parallel. North Korea attacked South Korea without the Knowledge of either the Soviet Union or the Peopleís Republic of China. The Soviet Union, which expected a war at any time, was boycotting the United Nations. The Communist government of China, meanwhile, was hoping to invade the island of Taiwan without having to deal with a military response from the United States. The war first started when the Northerners invaded South Korea. After the strike, the United States sent reinforcements in to help the South Koreans. The united States would have stopped at nothing to stop the spread of communism. Nonstop fighting went on until finally in July 1953, a truce agreement was signed at Píanmunjon. The Korean War went on for three years. Many people died on both side. The United States and the North Koreans both suffered sufficient casualties on the battle field. The economic and social damage to the Korean Nation was incalculable.
Cold war tensions relaxed somewhat due to the death of soviet premier Joseph Stalin. Soon after the Warsaw Pact was reached. This pact was the military alliance of seven European Communist nations. The alliance was formed to counter the rearmament of West Germany and also to counter itís admission into NATO. The alliance was dominated by the USSR, which kept strict control over the other countries in the pact. Under the terms of the treaty, the Political Consultative Committee coordinated all activities and the Unified Command of Pact Armed Forces had authority over the troops assigned to it by the member states. The Warsaw Pactís only military action was directed against Czechoslovakia, a member state.
Meanwhile, back at home, the cold war had affected American families and the way they lived. National income nearly doubled during the 1950ís. Women became a bigger part of the work force. Women were beginning to find jobs that they had always wanted. These events had eventually sparked a feminist revolt. There was also an economic boost during the 1950ís. This economic boom was fueled by support of our involvement in the Korean War. Cheap energy also fed the boom. American and European countries dominated the oil business. Rising productivity doubled the average Americanís standard of living in the postwar quarter-century.
During the 50ís, the cold war made a grand impact on society. Many things occurred that shocked, bewildered, and angered the nation of the United States. One of these things were when the Rosenburgs were accused of treason and sentenced to death. The trial had put
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Aftermath of World War II, Nuclear warfare, Foreign relations of the Soviet Union, Eastern Bloc, Cold War, Warsaw Pact, Korean War, NATO, Eastern Europe, South Korea, Soviet Union, World War II
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