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The Catholic Church
September 13, 2004
History text assignment # 1, Pg. 67
3) ďVain is the hope of salvation through letters of pardon, even is a commissary- nay, the Pope himself- were to pledge his own soul for them.Ē Looking at this statement Luther is trying to state that people have useless hope for writing letters of forgiveness, and paying donations for their sins to be forgiven. The Pope doesnít even care of the peopleís sins heís only there for the money he is collecting from the poor. The practice that the Catholic Church had isnít the route for salvation, yet faith alone in God could do that. The 86th Theses posted by Martin Luther makes me think that the leader of the Catholic Church, Pope Leo, was trying to raise money in order to build St. Peterís Basilica in Rome. He made the poor give donations of that would give them partial forgiveness for peopleís sins. In the 86th theses it denies the right of the Pope to sell indulgences for the forgiveness of sins. Also, it made me think how the Pope and the other officials of the Catholic Church had no knowledge or comprehension of the Bible, or even read it. They were wicked people who were preoccupied with wealth and power, but never accomplished Godís will. If being rich is a good thing, just look at who God gave money to.
After a long argument between Luther and the church, Luther was excommunicated from the church in the year 1521. This meant that he was not allowed to be a catholic priest anymore. Pope Leo demanded Luther to take back everything that he said in his 95 Theses he even issued a bull of excommunication.
Luther said that he would if his Theses could be proven wrong by use of the Bible.
The Roman Catholic Church excommunicated Luther after he refused to recant because they knew they couldnít ever prove Luther wrong. As I mentioned before the Catholic Church officials had no knowledge or comprehension of the Bible, they were selfish with wealth and power.
4) Renaissance, the rebirth of art and the creative world. Paintings, architectures, literature and more were rediscovered. The renaissance was an artistic revolution, first because of the realism of painting. Leonardo Da Vinci and other artists tried to achieve life in their paintings. This lead to research and greater detailed drawings. The human form of perfection was beginning to be focused on. Also, nature such as, animal life were being observed closely. Secondly, architecture was blooming. Sculptors wanted to learn how to make big roof tops like the Pantheon in Rome. Moreover, streets, cities, large homes were being constructed. Finally, technology of long traveling ships, introduction of paper and the development of the printing press were spreading. People could now read the works of ancient and contemporary writers learn new things and participate.
5) During the Renaissance period, there were many great artistic achievements that were incredible. Michelangelo Buonarroti was one of the most famous personalities from this era. He was an accomplished artist, sculptor, architect, and poet who created many astonishing works. He is probably most remembered for painting the ceiling at the Sistine Chapel in Rome. It had to be the most incredible achievement in the Western World. Michelangelo began this attempt in the fall of 1508 to 1512; during this time he painted the finest pictures. Before Michelangelo the Sistine chapel collapsed because of a crack, but since it was important it was rebuild and Michelangelo was asked to repaint the ceiling. Michelangelo had turned the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel to one of the greatest artistic feats of the Renaissance. This painting focuses on the physical and spiritual beauty of human beings. Nudes werenít heard of two centuries earlier thatís why it is not a medieval painting.
8) As the spin doctor of the Catholic Church, here are the roles played by the Jesuits, the Roman inquisition, the index of prohibition books and the council of Trent.
The Jesuits, or the Society of Jesus, play an important role in the Counter Reformation. They care of souls in life, for teaching and preaching the faith. The Jesuits have to be at the order of the pope, they are to go wherever he ordered them
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