The Career of Teaching
Today, as we enter a new world of technology, and new discoveries, we must remember how we got where we are today. How did we learn how to do all these skills like reading, writing, and arithmetic? We got to where we are today because of teachers. Those special people, who taught us how to read, write our names, and gives us courage when we could not do that one hard arithmetic problem. As read on you will discover how these people got their jobs, and exactly just what it takes to do them.
Teaching is a systematic presentation of facts, ideas, skills, and techniques to students. Although human beings have survived and evolved as species because of their capacity to share knowledge, teaching as profession did not emerge until relatively recently. The societies of the ancient world that made substantial advances in knowledge and government, however, were the ones in which specially designated people assumed responsibility for the education of the young. (Encarta 1)
Teachers need to be educated too. They have certain requirements that they must meet to qualify for a teaching degree. The must have studied English and History consistently for four years, they must take specific methods courses which they will practice teaching. And the specific contents courses which prepare them to teach. When in college, they learn methods of teaching. They learn instructional theories, what materials they will need to use, the basics in preparing of lesson plans. Elementary School teachers need one year of methods courses. Secondary school teacherís program is less. Most secondary school
Mellides 2
teacher programs contain more content courses. There are also more numerous classes in concentrated language or first biological sciences.
There are many students eager to learn in this world, but, we need the supply of teachers to do so. In 1989 there were about 3.4 million teachers with degrees. Unfortunately twenty-five percent of them were not employed ( Microsoft Encarta 1). Teaching is one of the lowest paying jobs, it can pay as low as $18,500.
The first few years of a childís education is their stepping stones to a higher level of education. A child will first attend a preschool. Preschool began in Europe in the late 1800ís. Then it came to the United States in the 1920ís ( Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance Volume 2 669 ). The United States then began to try different methods of teaching. One of the first programs was the Head Start Program. This program was to help children who have a low income, and help them start their education in preschool. Now, these programs are used for children whose parents work. This would ensure that children got to preschool, because their parents would not be able to watch them. Six million children use preschool facilities. This is all due to the fact that the number of working parents is growing. Preschool helps the needs of such children.
Preschools can be a half day or a full day. A half day preschool teacher supervises snack time. At this time he/she teaches the children how to eat properly and cleaning up bye washing of hands before and after meals. He needs to be energetic to keep the children going. A full day teacher supervises lunch and a couple of snack times. He/she needs to be cheerful at all the times so the children can be able to enjoy what they are doing. A preschool teacher must have a flexible schedule so that He can fit in playtime,
Mellides 3
rest time, music time, snack time, and art time so that they may do projects such as finger painting.
A preschool teacher helps prepare the children for kindergarten. He must prepare and instruct them how to read. He must also instruct them on art projects, and always give rewards. He needs to be a good role model and always be a fair person. They must be able to handle working with two to three year olds.
A preschool teacher must also keep in mind that this is the childís first real time away from home for a long period of time. They must realize that a child might be homesick or frightened, and they may need to comfort the child.
Normally, a preschool