The American Revolution: The War That Changed the America

The Revolutionary War was a war that started with fighting on April 19, 1775, in a british colony of Massachusetts, and lasted approximately eight years. Many men died for our country's independence from Great Britain. The war was actually started with an unknown shot fired from the British side. People like Paul Revere, George Washington, Ben Franklin, John Adams, Sam Adams, Patrick Henry, Thomas Gage, John Hancock, and William Dawes, were big supporters, and helped our country gain its independence through their efforts.
The war began because our country wanted their freedom of speech from Great Britain. Great Britain was making all of the decision at that time, and our country did not feel that was right. Some of the decisions that were being made by Great Britain were: our country could not sell products to other countries unless we had their permission, whenever we wanted to have a law pasted Great Britain either told us "no" or ignored our wants, they were a cruel and mean country to our people by taxing them unfairly and without representation. Our country had been growing in their abilities to support themselves and care for themselves. Our country did not need Great Britain anymore. Our country wanted INDEPENDENCE.
The war started after the battle of Lexington where the British were fighting in Boston. Colonel William Prescott knew he needed to get control of Bunker or Breed's Hill in order to -2-

gain over the British. However, Colonel Prescott was not successful. George Washington then took command of the American troops and drove the British out.
The British then decided to attack the province of New York which divided New England from the southern colonies. The British thought they could go either way, north or south, and destroy our country little by little. The British first tried to go north by way of Canada. Brigadier General Richard Montgomery quickly saw what was happening and took over Montreal in November 1775 and with Benedict Arnold's help they moved on to Quebec. Later Montgomery was killed and Arnold was injured. The British decided once again to attack New York.
George Washington took control once more and moved his troops to Manhattan to prevent a trap by British. The American were upset because the British had gained control of Fort Washington. George Washington did not give up hope and later out smarted the British at Trenton and then gain control at Princeton.
Early in 1777, the British put together another plan to take over our country. The British wanted to gain controls of New York and Philadelphia, but did not have enough men to win in both areas even though they tried to do both. However, the British army at this time was lead by General John Burgoyne. Burgoyne advanced his troops at the Hudson River to Fort Ticonderoga.

-3-
Arnold brought his troops to help force the British back, and he
was successful.
The British troops were running out of supplies and ammunition. Burgoyne now planned to attack Albany with his troops. However, the American troops met the British at Saratoga.
Two big battles were fought at Saratoga, the first was September 19, 1777, and the second one was October 7, 1777. The end result was the Americans had won at Saratoga which was a big victory for our country because it was the turning point for the Revolutionary War.
Benjamin Franklin talked to the French and he won their support to help us gain our independence from Great Britain. The French government sent money and supplies, as well as men to help fight for our cause. Many other countries began to help our country in the fight against Great Britain. Those countries that helped us were really just fighting against Great Britain having posession of everything.
The war took many years to complete because our country was still very weak. The colonies could not agree on how much power to give to Congress. A constitution was made by Congress in order to strengthen our government. This constitution was called "The Articles of Confederation". All of the states agreed finally to this document in 1781.
By that time, the fighting was nearly over. Even then, the
-4-
new Confederation did not set up a strong central government. Most power remained with