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Aranda, Robbins, Thompson, and others (2000) believe important parts of a successful team are Chartering, Expectations, and Confidentiality of the team’s information. According to them, “Chartering is the process by which the team is formed, its mission or task described, its resources allocated, its goals set, its membership committed, and its plans made.” In other words, Chartering is the definition of the team. Why was the team was made? What is expected of team members? Who will be the team members? What do you want to accomplish and who would be the best people for the team. Answering these questions is vital to the success of the team. Otherwise, there would be no team created.
What is expected of the teammates? What kind of work is needed? This also is an important ingredient to a successful team. Knowing the intentions of the team, such as, how long they have to perform the work, and how much work is needed of each team member us crucial to achieving team success in accomplishing the goal or work of the team. If the team members believe they have longer period than is allowed, the team project will not be finished on time. Procrastination happens when people think they have a long time to complete a project when in reality it is a very limited time. Knowing what is to be completed and how long you have to complete it allows the teammates to manage their time wisely.
When discussing the outcome of the teams work and research, members must agree how, when, where, and by whom the information will be spoken of outside of the team. The information discussed within the team assists the team in making informed decisions. Discussing the information outside of the team can cause conflict within the team if the information is sensitive to a particular team member. Making decisions on who should be the speaker of the group, what information will be given outside of the team and what information will remain within the team, and the punishment if someone discusses team meetings outside of the group. Knowing the consequences for leaking information will most likely prevent team members from discussing outside of the team. Confidentiality is vital to team success.
When the details of a team are not worked out for the charter or when members have their own ideas on how they participate within the team, the team experiences difficulties. Two kinds of problems that can arise are personal problems and technical problems. Knowing the different problem\'s teams can get into will prevent these problems from arising. Addressing potential problems early is important in maintaining stability within the team and avoiding conflict.
Personal problems such as family issues, money problems, and other kinds of issues tend to slow team members up. When a team member is not meeting team expectations due to family or personal issues, it can result in a slower progress for the overall team. Unfortunately, if a member is having these kinds of problems, you cannot simply ask them to stop having them. The only way to solve such a problem would be to pick up the slack of the team member. Everyone has a bad day and you cannot expect everyone to always have a perfect life.
When teams get started there are certain roles everyone tends to take on within the team. There is the leader, the researcher, and the non-worker. Some leaders of teams tend to lead to their own tune as long as it follows along with how they want it; they never consult the other team members. Never allowing others to make decisions results in team members not finishing work and giving their opinions on decisions. Some team members believe that in order to promote themselves they have to do something within the team to make themselves look good. They might not take the teams agenda over their own personal one. Some other problems that may arise is not finishing the job on time, teammates not doing any work, and pressure put on members to complete their work. The result would be a failing team. Recognizing the problems that can arise and solutions that we can apply will help to making a team function properly.
Many factors make
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Group processes, Management, Teams, Meetings, Social groups, Team, Facilitator, Leadership, Team building, Team management
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