Table of Contents

1. General information

2. Topic 1- Climate & land type

3. Topic 2- Government and History

4. Topic 3- People and cities

5. Map- location of El Salvador

6. Map- general map of El Salvador

General Information
El Salvador, the smallest country in Central America, is one of the largest coffee exporters in the world. It is the most thickly populated country in the Americas. It has a tropical country, with rich forests and fertile farm lands. The name El Salvador is Spanish for “The Savior”. Its products, besides coffee, are cocoa beans, balsam of Peru (a type of medicine), sugar, cattle, beans, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, pottery, rubber, gold, ropes, and a few others.
Balsam of Peru is a medicinal syrup which comes from a tree which grows in El Salvador. It was so called because it was sent to Spain from the port of Callao in Peru.
The fertile soil of El Salvador is the country’s chief source of income. Rich forests of valuable timber grow on the hot, tropical coast of El Salvador. Some of the trees produce a very valuable sap called “balsam of Peru” (see above). The country also has mineral deposits of gold, silver, coal, copper, iron, lead, zinc, sulfur, and quicksilver. Other valuable products include sugar, cocoa, rubber, cotton, tobacco, indigo, and henequen (for making twine and bags). Most of the farms are small family holdings and are worked by crude methods. Modern farming machinery is used on the large estates. The government is trying to change the country’s dependence upon the coffee crop. Farmers who grow cotton for export receive bonuses from the government.
The population is an estimated 2,072,506, with a population density of 157 people per square mile. Of the 13, 176 square miles, 63% is rural, 37% is urban. Its greatest length is 60 miles, its greatest width is 170 miles.
Mining is an increasingly important industry in El Salvador. The chief manufacture is the making of coffee bags. There are some sugar refineries, flour mills, distilleries, starch factories, cordage works, and mills for cleaning coffee beans.
Before the opening of the Panama canal, El Salvador’s foreign trade was largely with the United States, Great Britain, and Germany. The canal turned most of El Salvador’s foreign trade northward to the United States. More than 70% of El Sal-
vador’s trade is with the United States in most years. The chief exports are coffee, gold, silver, copper, and sugar. henequen, abaca, or Manila hemp, balsam, tobacco and indigo are also exported. The chief imports are cotton and woolen materials, hardware, flour, drugs, and chemical products.
El Salvador has only 384 miles of railroads. But the country has about 1500 miles of government-controlled roads. El Salvador’s share of the Pan-American Highway was completed in 1939. Steamship lines connect the various coastal cities. The inland cities are connected by roads or railroads with the ports and with other Central American cities.
Postal, telephone, and telegraph systems serve most of El Salvador. Radio broadcasting stations have been established. Several commercial air lines connect the republic with the outside world.

Topic 1- Climate and Land type

Sub-Topic: Rivers & Lakes
The main river of El Salvador is the Lempa, which flows into the Pacific. The magnificent Lempa river valley, north of the main plateau, is the most fertile region of El Salvador. The Lempa is partly navigable for small steamers, but is little used. El Salvador has a number of lakes in the craters of dead volcanoes. Lake Ilopango is a popular resort near the capital. The main lakes are the Guija, and the Ilopango.

Sub-topic: Climate
The plateau of El Salvador has an even, healthful, mild climate. The climate of the coastal lowlands is hot and rainy. The rainy season lasts from May to November and is called “winter”. The rest of the year is “summer”. The average yearly rainfall varies from 40 to 100 inches in various parts of the country. It is heaviest on the coast.

Sub-topic: Location and Surface features
El Salvador is bordered on the west by Guatemala and on the north and east by Honduras. It faces the Pacific Ocean, and has no Atlantic coast line.
A low plain about fifteen miles wide lies along the coast of El Salvador. This area is called the hot lands. The rugged plateau of Central America rises