When answering part "A" I will be concentrating on Christian on pilgrimages, I will also be looking at the differences that Christian people have experienced since going on a pilgrimage. Many people go on pilgrimages at the time of a festival, mostly because it is a time that they can associate with God, for example many people go on a pilgrimage at the time of Easter, this is because it’s the time that Jesus died and was resurrected. Others may choose to at Christmas, because it was the birth of their saviour.


First of all we have to know what a pilgrimage is, in very simple terms it is a journey from A to B, but for religious terms a pilgrimage is a journey to a holy place for spiritual motives. We mustn’t forget that places of pilgrimage often have a commonplace for the people of God throughout Biblical times and the Christian era.
Lourdes is a small town situated in the foothills of the Pyrenees; the town has just 17000 inhabitants and roughly 5 million visitors go there every year. Lourdes is associated with Brenadette Soubirous and the visions of the “Immaculate Conception” The first sighting of Mary was seen by Bernadette Soubirous on 11th February 1858, whilst she and her sisters were out collecting firewood. It was while they where crossing a stream that Bernadette heard a storm like sound and then, for the first time she saw an apparition at the foot of a rock, now called Massabielle. The vision did not speak but made the sign of a cross and was dressed in white. The lady did not speak until the third time she appeared this is when she asked Bernadette to meet her there every day for a fortnight. The apparition told Bernadette to drink from the spring, so Bernadette went to the stream and started to drink, then the vision told Bernadette that the spring wasn’t there and pointed at a puddle of muddy water. Bernadette started scraping until she found fresh water, after this the apparition gave instructions for a chapel to be built at the grotto. When Bernadette asked the lady who she was, the figure smiled said “Que soy era Immaculada Conceptiou” this means “The Immaculate One.”


The main pilgrimages to Lourdes take place at Easter and at Pentecost; this is because it is the main event in the Christian calendar. It was the time that Jesus died for the sake of mankind; The Stations of the Cross guide the pilgrims through Jesus' life.