Smoking Bans

English 20

March 5, 2004

Recently many laws have been passed which banned cigarette smoking. Smoking, although, very unhealty and exspensive, many still feel the need for and are upset with the bans. On the other hand, the “healt nuts” are overly joyed with a now cleaner and better enviorment. Both sides are throughly exslpaned in the aricles, “smoking bans may snuff out lodge,” by Kriston Milton and “Smoking Ban Urged For All of Maryland,” by Darragh Johnson from the Washington Post.

Kriston Milton writes of how the smoking ban has almost put a small bar out of business. They blame their recent loss in customer on the smoking bans. Darragh Johnson writes on how Maryland is pushing for a state wide ban on all smoking. As in any subject there are pros and cons; all that matters is which side you lie on. There are many ways a writer could try and sway his audience to one side or the other. Most other will use rhetoric, which will decieve the reader to believe one thing when something else is true. Both Darrag Johnson and Krison Milton use rhetoric but, do so in very different ways. Kriston Milton uses faulty extrapolation and while Darrag Johnson uses bandwagon.

Those who oppose and who are against the smoking bans both have reasons why. What seems to be mentioned most for thos against smoking bans is, that they lose customers and business with the ban. Kriston writes about a man named Radice, who owns a small bar. Radice said,

“Smoking and drinking "go hand in hand," he said, "because most of all non-smokers are health-conscious and alcohol is bad for you. I\'m looking for the [County] Council to ban alcohol next, then french fries ... I just don\'t think they have a right to tell you how to run your business."

This considered to be a rhetoric extrapolation. This is where a speaker or writher makes large predictions about the future on basis of facts that are to inconsequential or too few in number to justify the prediction. Just because they ban one thing, doesn’t mena they are going to go on a banning rage, and ban everything they can think of.

Darrag Johnson used many rhetoric fallacies, such as, bandwagon and . Bandwagon is where a writer or author uses big numbers, which tries to convince the audience go along with the majority rather than stand alone. "Secondhand smoke kills 53,000 nonsmokers each year" in the United States, said state Sen. Ida G. Ruben. Aslo mentioned was that 85 percent of adults in the state do not smoke, which suggests that an even higher percentage of diners must want the ban. By using number like “53,000” and “85 percent,” it sways his audience to the side of non smokers. This is a common use of rhetoric, although theses number may be true, it only shows on side of the story. If Maryland passes the ban, the ban could include not only bars and restaurants but also sports arenas, bowling alleys, gyms, nursing homes and many hotel rooms. Fighting the ban during the General Assembly will be the Restaurant Association of Maryland, whose spokesman Melvin Thompson. Added Jen Valente, a bartender in Annapolis: "When you work in a restaurant, [smoke makes the air] hard to breathe, makes your eyes burn and makes your clothes stink. I can only imagine what it\'s doing to your insides, [which] you can\'t wash out in the laundry." She continued, "It\'s overwhelming, and it\'s especially [bad] late at night, but that\'s where the money is." Ruben and Frush said they were confident that this year the bill would make it out of committee and be passed into law.

Darrag Johnson and Kriston Milton both took different approaches when writing their articles. Darrag Johnson tries to play on peoples emotions by touching on real life stories and quotes of many different people; while, Kriston Milton sticks to one group of people and their stories. Both used a rhetoric fallacy called half-truth. Half truth is where everything that is said is true or verifable as fatch; but because not enough is said, the total picture is distorted. All the businesses that darrag and Kriston mention, are small businesses. Aggregate data can be