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The Hunkpapa Sioux Indian chief and medicine man
Sitting Bull was respected by the Plains Indians for
his courage and wisdom and feared by settlers and
the United States Army for his determination to rid
Indian tribal lands of white people. Under him the
Sioux tribes united in their struggle for survival
on the Great Plains.
Sitting Bull was born in about 1831 near Grand River
in the Dakota Territory. The Hunkpapa Sioux were a
nomadic and warlike tribe, and Sitting Bull had his
first skirmish with white soldiers in June 1863. For
the next five years he frequently fought the Army.
He was made principal chief of the Sioux nation in
about 1867. When gold was discovered in the Black
Hills in the mid-1870s, a rush of prospectors
invaded the Indian lands.
In late 1875 all Sioux were ordered to move to
reservations. Sitting Bull refused to go, and the
Army was mobilized to remove him and his people.
Sitting Bull summoned the Sioux, Cheyenne, and
certain Arapaho to his camp in the Little Bighorn
River valley. He foretold that soldiers would fall
into his camp like grasshoppers from the sky. His
prophecy was fulfilled on June 25, 1876, when Lieut.
Col. George Armstrong Custer and his soldiers rode
into the valley and were annihilated.
Sitting Bull led his people to Canada, where they
depended on the buffalo for their livelihood. When
there were no more buffalo to hunt, they were forced
to surrender in 1881. In 1885 he was allowed to join
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. Sitting Bull was
killed on Dec. 15, 1890, on the Grand River in South
Dakota as his warriors were trying to prevent his
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Great Sioux War, Plains tribes, Native American tribes in Nebraska, First Nations in Saskatchewan, Algonquian peoples, Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Dakota people, Lakota people, Running Antelope
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