SIMILARITIES BETWEEN NINETEEN EIGHT FOUR AND STALINS RUSSIA
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SIMILARITIES BETWEEN NINETEEN EIGHT FOUR AND STALINíS RUSSIA
Throughout time there has always been people who try to take power over others and control them. Certain governmentís take their power and use it in many ways against their people. Both Stalinís Party and the Party members from nineteen eight four by George Orwell use their power in ways that go against their own people. The novel is similar to Stalinís Russia because of various factors. The way they organized their department which controls what part of the country. Also the way they used violence and propaganda to lure people into there control.
Much like nineteen eight four it had similarities to Stalinís Russia. One thing that was similar was the way they treated the people. In 1984 Big Brother would make the middle class party work hard. Then were given little food but given lots of gin to forget their days and worries. They were given targets which they had to meet every day at work and if they didnít they were in lots of trouble. Sometimes the managers would lie just to make them see that they did it but then it would be all mixed up and they wouldnít be enough for what every reason they needed. Then they later find out that you are lying then they would be in trouble.(Orwell)
Joseph Stalin did something similar to this he called it the Five Year Plan. When he became leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Lenin in 1924 and began to change agriculture and industry. This is what Joseph Stalin said in his speech to the Fourth Plenum of Industrial Managers on February 4, 1931 "We are one hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must take good this lag in ten years. Either we do it, or they crash us!" (Tucker p.98). He believed he can do this by creating a command economy and forcing farmers and industry to modernize. There were 25 million farmers but many produced only for their families. More successful peasants were called kulaks. Stalin wanted to liquidate them has a class. He thought that peasants saw the benefits of modern agriculture and they would join the state run collective farms. They refused , so Stalin burned their crops and let them rot in the fields. Villages that resisted voluntary were surrounded by the army and men forced to surrender. More then five million households had been eliminated and many were sent to forced labor camps in Siberia. Each business or factory was given a target to meet every year for a five year period. Failing to meet the target was brutal. Managers would be executed. They would work long hours and being away from work was a crime. Many factories faked production figures or disregarded the quality of goods produced as the numbers were right nothing else mattered.(Tucker p.91-118)
Also just like Stalinís Russia, the novel had different police or organizations that will handle different things. In the novel all four Ministries were in a Victory Mansions which divided the government. "The Ministry of Truth, which concerned itself with news, entertainment, education and the fine arts. The Ministry of Peace which concerned itself with war. The Ministry of Love which maintained law and order. And the Ministry of Plenty which was responsible for economic affairs." (Orwell p.6)
The Ministry of Love was the most frightening one of them all. There were no windows, it had steel doors, barbed wires and hidden machine guns. Something else the is similar to Stalin's Russia is the two minute hate. Which Big Brother would let the people let out their angry through those two minutes.(Orwell)
Stalin had various departments that were specialized according to branches of the economy and each was made responsible for all party activities. Secret Department, now called Special Sector. Each party had itís own special sector. It possessed extensive personal files. Central Committeeís Orgburo which was in charge of party organizational affairs and higher appointments. Central Committee Secretariat the group of party secretaries responsible for directing the party bureaucracy. Stalinís department were, "An Organizational Instructs Department responsible of appointments of party officials and supervision of the countrywide network of party organizations; an Assignments Department responsible for selecting and allocating administrative, economic and trade union officials; A Department
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Fiction, Literature, Politics, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Mass surveillance, Novels by George Orwell, Political novels, Historical revisionism, George Orwell, Joseph Stalin, Ingsoc, Big Brother
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