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When I was 10th grade in Korea, I took a psychology lecture for the first time in the
academy. That time, I was come into some psychologists and lots of theories about
psychology. At the beginning, it was very strange and difficult to learn. But as time
passed by, I had more interests about the psychology especially Sigmund Freud, who
was a very intelligent psychoanalyst.
Sigmund Freud has many theories on how people develop. His most influential theory
to the development of the human mind was his five psychosexual stages. Freud's belief
was that children were done developing after they finished going through puberty. The
stages started with infants describing this as the oral stage, or the sucking stage. The
anal stage deals with the one and two year olds. This age group is starting to potty
train. After this stage the three through five year olds go through the phallic stage.
The child focuses on the genitals, as they discover it is enjoyable. Freud's fourth stage
is the latency stage, including children six to twelve years. This is when their sexual
interests are put on the back burn. The last stage is the genital stage. Children
going through puberty have a time of sexual reawakening. Other theorists criticized
him by saying that there was more to development than sex. They also said a person
does not stop developing after they turn eighteen. Freud did develop another theory
that many author's have described in their literary works which included the Id, Ego,
and Superego. The Id, Ego, and Superego dealt with how the mind worked
conscientiously and unconsciensously. It also described the behavior of the human
body and why we do the things we do.
Freud's behavior theory begins with the subject of the Id. The Id part of your brain is
what you are born with. All babies are influenced by the Id. They live in an all
unconscious world. Little do they know what it right or wrong. In an adult this is the
pleasure seeker of the person's behavior. Your instincts are what you act on and
sometimes this may show the bad side of the person. The next part of Sigmund Freud's
behavior theory is the Ego. The ego is the balance between the Id and the Superego.
This part of the brain is the reality check. The Ego helps you deal with the outside
world. It is sometimes called the Executive Branch of the personality because it makes
important decisions. Just like Id there is no morality in a person's personality.
The difference between the Id and the Ego is that the Id acts on impulse, while the Ego
deals with the reality. The Ego is very important to the behavior development of the
human being. The last of the behavior development is the Superego. This is probably
the most important piece because it keeps the world a lot safer. The Superego is the
moral branch of the personality. It uses the conscious part of the brain, instead of
using the unconscious. The Superego follows the rules, listens to authority, and the
person's moral values.
Freud's psychoanalytic theories of the Id, Ego, and Superego have a great influence
on a person's behavior. Depending on how much we use of each one can show how we
act out of our personality.
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Freudian psychology, Freuds Psychoanalytic Theories, Id, ego and super-ego, Psychoanalytic theory, Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Psychosexual development, Genital stage, Anal stage, Latency stage, Unconscious mind, Freud
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