Segragation has existed in the United States of America US from its be
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Segragation has existed in the United States of America (U.S.) from its beginnings.
Gorge Washington a crop owner and first President of the U.S. had many slaves to work
on his plantation. In later years slavery was abolished from the northern states. Slavery
was a main factor in the Civil War. During that war Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation
proclamation declared slaves free in the still rebellious Confederate states, which led to the
Thirteenth Amendment (the abolition of slavery). Later the fourteenth and fifteenth
amendment were passed to ensure that African-Americans rites were being preserved.
After all of this was done racism and segregation were still extreme. The U.S. Supreme
Court supported this in the trial of Plessy versus Ferguson.
The case of Plessy versus Ferguson was a decision in the series of Supreme Court
cases dealing with Jim Crow laws, the laws dealing with racial segregation, and whether or
not the idea of separate but equal was constitutional. Justice Brown, in his decision
explained to the court that Plessies arguments about the Louisiana law forcing blacks and
whites to ride in separate cars on trains was unconstitutional was wrong. The court
believed that the law was not in conflict with the thirteenth amendment because forcing
blacks to ride on separate trains was not slavery, what the thirteenth banned. Slavery was
involuntary servitude, and the Louisiana law was forcing no involuntary servitude. The
fourteenth amendment says all people naturalized to the :United States, or people born
here are all considered citizens. Plessy claimed that he was being deprived of citizenship,
because property was considered part of citizenship. Later in the Supreme Court case
Brown versus The Bored of education ruled that separate was not equal, which outlawed
segregation. After this segregation still persist in our nation, in our state, even in our city.
Racism and the residue of segregation still exist in our city. The fifth Riverside
Unified School District high school, Martin Luther King Jr. High School, named after the
slain civil rites leader was the cause of protest. Many people disputed the name of the
school because, "people will think is a primarily black school."
Though this nation is attempting to end segregation as long as we have bigots in
it segregation will never completely end. By ever tolerating the loss of another mans rites
we are encouraging it.
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Reconstruction Era, Debt bondage, Race legislation in the United States, Discrimination in the United States, White supremacy in the United States, Separate but equal, Plessy v. Ferguson, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Jim Crow laws, Involuntary servitude, Racial segregation, Homer Plessy
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