Science Report

Armstrong, Neil Alden: American astronaut, born in 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. He served as a pilot in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War. After graduating from Purdue University, he joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
In 1966, Armstrong was command pilot of the Gemini 8 mission, which accomplished the first physical joining of two orbiting spacecraft. In July 1969, Armstrong, as commander of the Apollo 11 lunar mission, became the first person to set foot on the moon
Armstrong's contribution to society was that he was a pioneer in space, and in NASA being the first on the moon and the first civilian in NASA.

Archimedes: 287-212 BC he was born in Syracuse, Sicily
Greek mathematician and inventor, who wrote important works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He expected many of the discoveries of modern science, He proved that the volume of a sphere is two-thirds the volume of a cylinder that circumscribes the sphere. In mechanics, Archimedes defined the principle of the lever and is credited with inventing the compound pulley. He invented the hydraulic screw for raising water from a lower to a higher level. He also discovered the law of hydrostatics, called Archimedes principle.
Archimedes contribution to society was all of his experiments inventions and calculations which were very brilliant for his time.

Avogadro, Amedeo, Conte di Quaregna Ceretto: 1776-1856.
He conducted research on electricity and the physical properties of liquids, he is best known for his work with gases, which led him to formulate in 1811 the law that now has his name Avogadro's law. Avogadro's law states that two equal volumes of gas at the same temperature and pressure contain an equal number of gas molecules.
Avogadro's studies in physical properties of liquids and gases gave us his law and furthered the studies in that area of science.








Babbage, Charles: 1792-1871, Babbage was born in Teignmouth, Devonshire, and was educated at the University of Cambridge.
British mathematician and inventor, who designed and built mechanical computing machines on principles that anticipated the modern electronic computer. In the 1820s Babbage began making his Difference Engine, a mechanical device that can perform simple mathematical calculations. Babbage started to build his Difference Engine, but was not able to complete it because of a lack of funding. In the 1830s Babbage began developing his Analytical Engine, which was designed to carry out more complicated calculations, but it was never built.
Babbage's contribution to society was his designed and built mechanical computing machines on principles that anticipated the modern electronic

Bacon, Roger: 1214-1294, Born in Ilchester, Somersetshire, Bacon was educated at the universities of Oxford and Paris and became one of the most influential teachers of the 13th century.
Bacon was important to the methods of learning of the times, and in the late 1260s, at the request of Pope Clement IV, he wrote his major work. In this work he represented the necessity of a reformation in the sciences through different methods of studying languages and nature. The Opus Majus was an encyclopedia of all science, embracing grammar and logic, mathematics, physics, experimental research, and moral philosophy. He also wrote Compendium Studii Theologiae (A Compendium of the Study of Theology, 1292).
His writings brought new views on optics, refraction and the apparent size of objects. Six of his works were printed between 1485 and 1614, and in 1733 the Opus Majus was edited and published.

Bartoe, John-David Francis: 1944-, Bartoe was born in Abington, Pennsylvania, and earned a B.S. degree in engineering physics from Lehigh University in 1966.
Bartoe designed solar experiments that were conducted on the piloted Apollo lunar spacecraft, automated satellites in earth orbit, small high-altitude rockets, and the Skylab space station. Bartoe was selected for the Spacelab 2 astronomy mission in 1978. Spacelab 2 was a system of telescopes and other astronomy instruments designed to be carried in the payload bay of the space shuttle. Bartoe was assigned to fly on a mission aboard the space shuttle Challenger scheduled to lift off July 12, 1985. Because of problems with the shuttle's engines, liftoff was delayed until July 29. Bartoe operated a solar ultraviolet telescope he designed, as well as several other astronomy instruments. Bartoe's total time in space was almost 191 hours.
Bartoe's contributions in space helped astronomers by the telescopes he designed.




Bell, Alexander Graham: 1847-1922, Bell