Romanticism in the 19th Century

Gary Curtsinger
Period 7
2-27-99
English 12

Romanticism start in through the 19th century. The movement from
neoclassicism to romanticism flourished in England and France in this period of time.
Romantic writers used nature for their inspiration, idealized the distant past, and
celebrated the individual. Their writings were against neoclassicism which thought
society was more important then the individual. Romanticism started kind of like a fad
would; when Lyric Ballads was published other writers such as William Wordsworth and
Sameul Taylor Coleridge.

In “Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey” William Words worth
uses some of these Romanticism elements in his poem. He wrote “These beauteous
forms, Through a long absence, have not been to me As is a landscape to a blind man’s
eye”. In this sentence he uses to of the characteristics; he talks about the beauty of the
forest and the absence of it to him. So he is admiring nature and reminiscing
simultaneously. Another one where he admires the nature, “The sounding cataract
Haunted me like a passion; the tall rock, The mountain, and the deep and gloomy wood,
Their colors and their forms, were then to me An appetite;”. Also evidence of
Romanticism is when he says “In which the burthen of the mystery, In which the heavy
and the wary weight Of all this unintelligible world”. This poem is about when the writer
used to play in Tintern Abbey, obviously a forest nearby there and played in it when he
was young. Now he comes back for different reasons. He escapes the world which is
individualism and goes to the forest to get away from all the burden, this part it nature.
Then he tells his young sister that she can always come here to get away from her
problems as well.

“I Wandered Lonely as a cloud” to me is an imaginative poem. He talks about
being a cloud, “I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high over vales and hills”.
Again he talks about nature in this Poem. He talks about beauty in nature in this poem as
in his others; “ And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils.
This story is about how the writer lays down and imagines that he is a cloud floating over
a lake looking down at some daffodils fluttering in the wind.

William Wordsworth uses Imagery such as Landscapes, lakes, rivers, and oceans,
and forests. His favorites things to write about seem to be forests and he likes to put
some kind of ocean or lake in his poems. He also mentions his sister some in his poems.

Sameul Taylor Coleridge was William Wordsworth friend and wrote Kubla Khan.
In Kubla Khan Sameuel Coleridge was using a narcotic at the time. His poem goes from
peaceful to a frightening mood to and kind of a mix of the two in a span of three
different stanza’s. His drug induced poem shows nature as one of the elements in his
poem, “Where Alph, the sacred river, ran Through caverns measureless to man Down to
sunless sea”. Another one about nature, “Where blossomed many an incense-bearing
tree; And here were forest ancient as the hills, Enfolding sunny spots of greenery. Then
his poem goes off into a frightening stanza caused by his intoxication. In his second
stanza he describes some natures scenes but there are disastrous sounding. “Then
reached the caverns measureless to man, And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean”. At the
end of Samuel Coleridge’s second stanza he was interrupted by a messenger. He came
back and started his poetry from where he left off. This part is more peaceful then the
second stanza. He talks about an Abyssinian maid who made him feel good by plain
music.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge used imaginative like when he talked about demons; he
also used individualism like with the Abyssinian maid, and nature which he mentions
many times in Kubla Khan.

George Gordon, Lord Byron wrote many poems including “When We Two
Parted”. In this Byron talks about the individual. “Half broken hearted”, “It felt like the
warning Of what I feel now”. “A shudder comes over me”. This poem that Lord Byron
wrote is about a man who fell in love with a women with easy virtue. When they broke
up it is apparent that she broke it off. People talked about her easy virtue, “They name
the before me, A knell to mine ear”. So he suffers in depression silently because she is
easy