Ricky Medina

Intro. to Biology

Report # 3





Twenty-six Israeli suicidal patients, twenty-four non-suicidal patients



and twenty-four control aptients completed tests on different suicidal



tendencies. Suicidal adolescents showed more negative responses that did



either the non-suicidal adolescents or the control patients. Furthermore



compared to the other two groups, the suicidal adolescents showed less



complex self-attributes and a higher tendency to have a low self-esteem.



Results were discussed and it was found that suicidal adolescents were



unevenly processing information or stimuli which was causing confusion



which led to their suicidal tendencies.





Orbach, Isreal, Mario Mikulineer, Daniel Stein, and Orit Cohen, Self-representation of Suicidal Adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 1996. Vol. No.3 435-439.Ricky Medina

Intro. to Biology

Report # 4





Researchers used multiple measures of irrationability and compared



the reactions of never-depressed controls (ND) with people who had



recovered from major depression. The ND studies revealed that they didn't



exceed in errationality and negative mood in specific situations. The people



who were recovered from depression did show that when there were other



variables their attitude did change faster than those who had never suffered



from depression. They concluded that recovered depressed people weren't



able to handle being under different situations when they had to control there



rational way of life.





Brody, Cindy, David A.F. Haaga, Ari Solomon, Lindsey Kirk, and Dara G. Friedman 1998. Priming Irational Beliefs in Recovered-Depressed People. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol. No.3 440-449Ricky Medina

Intro. to Biology

Report # 5





In 1989, the National Institute of mental health (NIMH) completed the



most careful study comparing the success rates of psychotherapy versus



antidepressant drug therapy in the treatment of cases of major depression.



Patients with major depression were assigned a random for 16 weeks to one



of four treatments: an antidepressant drug which was imipramine, a placebo



pill, interpersonal therapy, of cognitive behavioral therapy. The



interpersonal therapy focused on the depressed persons relationships with



other people. The findings of the study were surprising. For the less



depressed people all four treatments were equally successful. For the



Severely depressed people however, the antidepressant drug therapy was



highly success ful. 76% improved on the drug nad only 18% on the placebo.



After this study NIMH issued a warning it concluded that only 16 weeks of



psychotherapy or the drug therapy for depression was sufficient since it



resulted in very high relapse rates.





Mackel, Donald, William Holder, and Larry Kvols. Psychotherapy or Pharmcotherapy? Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol.5. No. 6, 489-495

























































Mackel, Donald, William Holder, and Larry Kvois, Psychotherapy or Pharmacotherapy? Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol. No.6 489-495.Ricky Medina

Intro. to Biology

report #2





3,450 patients who were diagnosed with either depression, anxiety, or



stress syndromes completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS).



3 to 8 years later the same patients took the DASS again. Each time the



second test scores were the asme as the test scores from the first test. The



stability of the patients suffering from at least one of the three syndromes did



not vary over the interval of the two test. The results support the stability of



depression, anxiety and stress, and draw attention to the distinction between



the three different syndromes. These results were interpreted to mean that



there is existence of vulnerabilities in the three syndromes, over and beyond



the general vulnerability to emotional distress.





Lovebond, Peter F. Long-Term Stability of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Syndromes, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1998, Vol. 107, No. 3, 520-526