Richard Strauss was a German composer and conductor, well
known at Munich. He was born on June 11, 1864 in Munich, Germany.
He died September 8, 1949 at Garmisch-Patenkirchen. He was
eighty-five years old when he died. Richard Strauss was married
and has one son. He married in 1894.
Strauss’s first symphony was when he was fourteen years old.
His father was Franz Strauss he was also well known in Munich for
his horn playing. His father supervised Richard’s education. At
four years old he was taking piano lessons from A. Tombo, he was
a harpist of a court orchestra. When he was eight years old he
began to study the violin with Benno Walter. His first year of
writing was when he was six years old. He wrote piano pieces,
songs and overtures.
Strauss’s first opera was when he was twelve years old. It
was published in 1880. Shortly after he graduated from studding
gymnasium from an academic course. Richard Strauss most famous
tone poem: tells a specific story, his tone poem was Thus Spoke
Zarathustra, This was better known as the begging of the movie
2001: A Space Odyssey. He also did Don Giovanni in 1894. Strauss
is also known as or called the successor of Wagner, but his music
can stand on it’s own.
In 1933 he became the president of Musikkammer of Hitler’s
Third Reich. He left the post in 1935 and after the war he left
his country for Switzerland. Winter of 1883-1884 Richard Strauss
was in Berlin, and this proved a turning point in his career,
some of his work attracted the attention of Hans von Bulow. Bulow
also helped him to start his career as a conductor. In October
1885 Bulow made a appointment for Strauss as a Assistant Music
Director at Meiningen. At this same time he was playing solo and
concetos and conducted his own Symphony in F minor. This same
period comes the real beginning of Richard Strauss’ career as a
composer. Strauss was appointed successor to Bulow at Meiningen
in 1885 and spent a good deal of spring of 1886 in Italy. Strauss
was appointed subconductor at the Munich Opera, he held the
position till July 1889, then the following August he became the
assistant to Lassen at Weimar.
The chief events of Strauss’s stay a Weimar, which extend to
June 1894, there was a sever illness in 1892, which it was now
necessary to go to Egypt and Sicily in 1892 and the composition
during this time of the opera Guntram first performed at Weimar
in 1894.
The first performance of ‘Elektra’ set to the first opera
written for Strauss by Hugo von Hofmannsthal, was at Dresden on
January 25, 1909 and conducted in it at London in March 1910,
after its first performance her under Beecham. ‘Der
Rosenkavalier’ was completed on September 26, 1909 at his house
at Garmisch. ‘Der Rosenkavalier’ first performance took place at
Dresden on January 26, 1911. In November 1910 Richard Strauss
resigned from conducting the Berlin opera.
The two other works from Strauss were ‘Schlagobers’ at
Vienna in 1924, and the play opera ‘Intermezzo’ for which Strauss
wrote his own opera. The last opera that Hofmannsthal and Strauss
produced together was ‘Arabella’ a comedy of the Vienna of 1860,
which in some sort maybe regarded as a together work to ‘Der
Rosenkavalier’. ‘Arabella’ can be considered a grand opera.
Strauss’s personal musical style had been completely recognized
in his early works. He greatly influenced German music. Strauss
had made his debut as a composer with the symphonic poem Don
Giovanni, in 1894. After that he wrote a number of tone poems of
which were Tod und Verklarung which means Death and
Transfiguration, Also sprach Zarathustra which means Thus Spake
Zarathustra, Don Quixote, and Ein Heldenleben which means A
Hero’s Life. Richard Strauss also composed symphonies works for
instruments and soloists Lieder, and many other operas. Salome
was one of his operas but it was banned in New York.
Pauline de Ahna played in Weimar which is one of Richard
Strauss’s works she sang the leading part. She married Richard
Strauss on September 10, 1894, and remained with Richard
throughout his life, dying a few months after Strauss did. For
Strauss first visit to America in the early months of 1904, he
wrote a new work, Symphonia domestica, which he played at
Carnegie Hall, New York, on March 21, 1904. This amused and
shocked the public, but the music itself fell below the poem
changed inspiration of the preceding tone poems. Even more
literal was his large symphonic work, Eine Alensinfonie, which
calls for a wind and a thunder machine to