Psychological Detective, Unit 3
General Psychology


Take a look at Figure 4-3 on page 147 of your textbook. Why was cognitive dissonance aroused in participants who chose between two desirable gifts? How did the participants reduce this dissonance? Write down some possible answers to these questions before reading further.

My answer:

The psychological state of cognitive dissonance was stimulated because a choice of two desirable gifts caused an incompatibility or inconsistency of choosing the best one. The decision is quite difficult. After the decision is made, participants diminished this dissonance by escalating the assessment of the selected item and lessening the valuation of the discarded article.

For a moment, think of yourself as one of Dr. Le Doux's laboratory rats (pg. 166 in your textbook). Each time you hear a tone, you also receive a mild electric shock to your foot. How would such an experience change your future behavior? Write down you answer before reading further.

My answer:

My future behavior would be affected in the sense of known anticipation of shock, and exhibiting fear. The common physiological traits that I would most likely present are rapid heartbeat and breathing, muscle tension, and possibly, positioned in a solid manner. In contrast, perhaps, I would flee from the current position to escape pending shocks.

I have located three (3) of my favorite website among the list provide at
the Companion Website:

o The Silvan S. Tomkins Institute (
The institute provides people with affiliation and belonging to a group. This particular groups purpose to understand human emotion. Theories are posed and discussed for interpreting meaning (e.g. Affect Theory) and articles from psychological professional are openly available to review and possible dialogue or mere knowledge intake.

o The Santa Claus Homepage (
Joy and jolliness is in the air! Even though itís the middle of May, Santa Claus is mingling in the air. The emotion happiness is prone to be exhibited just by visiting this webpage. Nostalgic reactions are sure to occur, and the young may bask in their innocence.

o Animal Concerns Community (
Organization that promote human treatment of animals unite. They converse on various issues of animal tales that produce reaction. They list that the website is to promote social and environmental change, but I am sure that will not be achieved by the website, but, perhaps, their union would be deterrent enough.