This essay Power of People has a total of 1443 words and 8 pages.
Power of People
There are times throughout the history of the United States when it's citizens have felt the need to revolt
against the government. One way they might revolt against the government is to disregard the law
peacefully. There was such a case during the time of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., when there was unfair
discrimination against the African American community. They used peaceful protests to eventually get
legislation passed to stop the injustice brought against them. Another name for this is called civil
disobedience. A more recent case of civil disobedience involves Dr. Jack Kevorkian who is an activist for
the right to die. Dr. Kevorkian believes that a person should not have to go through the pain of being kept
alive by machines. There are times when a person can no longer handle such things as terminal illness. Dr.
Kevorkian breaks the law openly for what he believes in knowing fully of the consequences.
In an article out of a May 9th, 1996 edition of The Sacramento Bee reads that "Kevorkian attends
another suicide", tells about Dr. Jack Kevorkian attending another assisted death during a recess in his
current trial. Austin Bastable, a Canadian right-to-die activist who had multiple sclerosis killed himself
May 6th with the help of Dr. Kevorkian who reportedly gave Bastable the mask and carbon monoxide
canister. Bastable felt that his death was for the fight of freedom to have the right to die under such
conditions as his. In the article it tells us that hours early that same day he testified in his assisted-suicide
trial in the deaths of two women in 1991. Michael Modelski, a former prosecutor said "It's an in-your-face
kind of thing", He also goes on to say "It's par to the course. He's a loose cannon". Modelski feels Dr.
Kevorkian shows no respect for the law.
This is the 28th assisted-suicide Dr. Kevorkian has attended since 1990. He is currently on trial
for the two assisted-suicides of two women in 1991. The article also reads that some assisted-suicide
supporters were taken back by his actions. State Senator Jim Berryman said he finds Dr. Kevorkian's
methods offensive. He also said "He really continues to flaunt this in the face of the Legislature".
Berryman feels that the focus is more on Dr. Kevorkian rather than the cause of death with dignity. The
Judge of the case has ordered the jury in Dr. Kevorkian's trial not to read or listen to news accounts of the
case. If there are any jurors indicating that they have heard any of the latest new they would be removed
because of the influence it might have on them. There are four alternate jurors and the article reads if the
count falls below the 12 members there could be a mistrial. If the jurors get a hold of the news it could
influence them by giving them the feeling tha!
t Dr. Kevorkian has no respect for the law. It also might be seen as a man with strong beliefs who does the
right no matter what the law.
In Henry David Thoreau's "On the Duty of Civil Disobedience", he tells us that he refused to pay
poll taxes and he was once sent to jail for not paying his taxes. He believed strongly that he should not
have to pay these taxes and would rather end up in jail then go against his will. A certain passage shows
how strong he felt when he said "Your money our you life," why should I haste to give it my money?
(Thoreau). Thoreau's strong beliefs are seen in what he did and Dr. Kevorkian's case is very similar to
what Thoreau does in breaking the law.
Dr. Martin Luther King used peaceful sit-ins and rallies to unite the black community. This was a
very effective way of showing that they would not stand for the unjust discrimination. They used methods
such as banning the busses and instead walked. The busses could not afford to go without their business
and this hurt them enormously. Such protests as these caused the passing of legislation that gave equal
rights to all. King protested without breaking the law such as Dr. Kevorkian does. Dr. Kevorkian breaks
the law willingly and openly. He does what he feels is right
Topics Related to Power of People
Medical ethics, Euthanasia, Nonviolence, Jack Kevorkian, Suicide methods, Kevorkian, Assisted suicide, Civil disobedience, Right to die, Suicide, Jury
Essays Related to Power of People
Philosophy Philosophy When I was born, I did not know the difference between right and wrong. Now, I do. The word philosophy means the love of knowledge. One type of knowledge is propter quid, which ask the question why or how. In this paper, I will demonstrate how Socrates, Hume and Aristotle, three well known philosophers, would explain how I acquired this knowledge in relation to the principles of right and wrong. Socrates is the first philosopher, I will discuss. Since Socrates did not write anything
Life or Death Who has the Right to Make the Choice Life or Death Who has the Right to Make the Choice This paper will introduce a case study that results in an ethical dilemma. The ethical dilemma will be clearly stated including obligations and conflicts. Using the Contemporary Utilitarianism theory I will analyze the ethical dilemma. Finally I will analyze the same case using an Egoistic approach as an alternative course of action. Case Study An apparent 19 year old male is brought to the emergency room by ambulance in respiratory failure rel
Euthanasia A Question of EthicsEuthanasia: A Question of Ethics Euthanasia is one of the most acute and uncomfortable contemporary problems in medicalethics. Is Euthanasia Ethical? The case for euthanasia rests on one main fundamental moral principle: mercy. It is not a new issue; euthanasia has been discussed-and practised-in both Eastern and Western cultures from the earliest historical times to the present. But because of medicine's new technological capacities to extend life, the problem is much more pressing than it has
Human Cloning Human Cloning Biological Aspects True human cloning involves taking a somatic cell from a person and removing its nucleus. Then the nucleus of a fertilized egg cell is removed and placed in the somatic cell. This is impossible in humans right now because the somatic cells are specialized and there are many genes that have been switched off in them that we do not know how to turn them back on. This was done with frogs however. The eggs were implanted with the nuclei from the intestinal lining of
Euthanasia Euthanasia submitted by Ryan Ames Euthanasia, as defined in Microsoft Encarta 95', is the act of painlessly ending the life of a person for reasons of mercy. This paper will examine the history of euthanasia and the issues surrounding assisted suicide. There are as many reasons for supporting assisted suicide as there are reasons to not support it. However one looks at this topic, we will all be confronted with this in one way or another. Medical technology has allowed life to be sustained lo
The Life of Aristotle The Life of Aristotle When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athe
AbortionAbortion Abortion: Life or Death, Who chooses? During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subject of controversy in the United States. It discusses human interaction where ethics, emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemma that faces many individuals to create a emotional and violent atmosphere. There are many points of view toward abortion but the only two fine distinctions are pro-choice and pro-life
Aristotle vs Copernicus Aristotle vs. Copernicus Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shared with Plato the distinction of being the most famous of ancient philosophers. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He remained there for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 bc , Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (d.
A Case of Needing Serious Revisions A Case of Needing Serious Revisions Michael Crichton has penned some of the most engaging, timely, and thoroughly accessible tales to be published in the last twenty-five years. What his novels lack in literary merit and distinctive style they make up for in crisp plotting and edge-of-your-seat suspense. From alien viruses to regenerated dinosaurs, from evil Japanese monoliths to the insidious maneuverings of the modern corporation, Crichton latches onto the scientific and political controversi
Aldous Huxley wrote Brave New World out of fear of society's Aldous Huxley wrote Brave New World out of fear of society's apparent lack of morals and corrupt behaviour during the roaring twenties. Huxley believed that the future was doomed to a non-individualistic, conformist society, a society void of the family unit, religion and human emotions. Throughout the novel, Huxley predicts many events for the future, most of which concentrate on a morally corrupt society. The most important of these predictions include: greater sexual freedom, over-population
Euthanasia is defined as a painless Euthanasia is defined as a painless killing,espacially to end a painful and incurable disease;mercy killing. The righteousness of this act is being debated in several countries throughout the world,and Canada is no exception.Euthanasisa must not be accepted for religious,legal and medical reasons,as alternatives to such a dramatic end. To begin,the law,both civil and religious,forbid killing. Individuals are prosecuted in courts of law for committing murder. An example of this is the case of
SHOULD CANADA BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH GENETIC ENGINEERING WITHOUT SHOULD CANADA BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH GENETIC ENGINEERING WITHOUT FEDERAL GUIDELINES? pg.1 Should Canada be allowed to continue with genetic engineering without federal guidelines? In the past ten years there has been a rise in a relatively new science, a science that raises alot of controversial questions with very few answers. This science is called Genetic Engineering. In it¹s simplest terms it is the reordering of a genetic DNA sequence. It is a very controversial science because it lea
Euthanasia also mercy killing practice of ending a life so as to relea Euthanasia, also mercy killing, practice of ending a life so as to release an individual from an incurable disease or intolerable suffering. The term is sometimes used generally to refer to an easy or painless death. Voluntary euthanasia involves a request by the dying patient or that person's legal representative. Passive or negative euthanasia involves not doing something to prevent death—that is, allowing someone to die; active or positive euthanasia involves taking deliberate action to caus
When Plato died in 347 bc Aristotle moved to Assos a city in Asia Mino When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athens and established his
A contract is an agreement that is enforceable by law Modern business A contract is an agreement that is enforceable by law. Modern business could not exist without such contracts. Most business transactions involve commitments to furnish goods, services, or real property; these commitments are usually in the form of contracts. Use of the contract in business affairs ensures, to some extent, the performance of an agreement, for a party that breaks a contract may be sued in court for the damages caused by the breach. Sometimes, however, a party that breaks a contr
Euthanasia is one of the most acute and uncomfortable contemporary pro Euthanasia is one of the most acute and uncomfortable contemporary problems in medicalethics. Is Euthanasia Ethical? The case for euthanasia rests on one main fundamental moral principle: mercy. It is not a new issue; euthanasia has been discussed-and practised-in both Eastern and Western cultures from the earliest historical times to the present. But because of medicine's new technological capacities to extend life, the problem is much more pressing than it has in the past, and both the discu
Even since a little lamb came forward saying that cloning of mammals i Even since a little lamb came forward saying that cloning of mammals is possible the world has been in a state of bewilderment. This means that if cloning a sheep is possible, how far away are humans? Is there a new generation of Dr. Frankensteins coming? I hope to answer this question, the process of cloning, the positive and negative aspects, ethical aspects, and an authors view of cloning all the way back from the 1940's. The basics however, are the first part. The process of cloning is invo
Since the evolution of man infants have been born with severe illnesse Since the evolution of man, infants have been born with severe illnesses. These infants may be able to survive due to advancing technologies, but are left with possible and probable defects. Many infants will die even though they are being treated because they are not equipped to sustain life. These circumstances have led to the debatable issue of infant euthanasia, or mercy killing, to allow these babies an end to their suffering, and die peacefully. While many people feel that euthanasia is m
GENTIC ENGINEERING GENTIC ENGINEERING Abstract This paper sets out to defend human genetic engineering with a new bioethical approach, post-humanism, combined with a radical democratic political framework. Arguments for the restriction of human genetic engineering, and specifically germ-line enhancement, are reviewed. Arguments are divided into those which are fundamental matters of faith, or bio-Luddite arguments, and those which can be addressed through public policy, or gene-angst arguments. The four bio-L
Euthanasia Right to Die or Wrong Euthanasia: Right (to Die) or Wrong? There is no denying the controversy associated with the topic of euthanasia. There are many opinions allied with the right to end one’s life if they are suffering. Some groups feel that it should be illegal, others feel it should be legalized. Regardless of opinion, the question remains: Should a person be given the option to request assistance in dying? (www.relgioustolerance.org) Euthanasia comes from a Greek term “good death”. However, the word has gained
Should They Have The RightShould They Have The Right? 1 English 1301 19 November 2002 In recent years the debate over the question of whether terminally ill people should have the legal right to obtain a physicians help in ending their lives has intensified. People possess assurance in the conviction that mentally ill patients should have the right to seek a physician’s assistance to bring about an end to their lives. Within approximately every state, assisted suicide has not been prohibited or conceded by law. Over twen
AshokaAshoka All men are my children. I am like a father to them. As every father desires the good and the happiness of his children, I wish that all men should be happy always. These are the words of an emperor who lived two thousand and three hundred years ago. We see in history how even mere chieftains grew arrogant and used their powers selfishly and unjustly. But the emperor who said the above words ruled over the greater part of India. He had the power of life and death over millions of his subj
EuthanasiaEuthanasia The applied ethical issue of euthanasia, or mercy killing, concerns whether it is morally permissible for a third party, such as a physician, to end the life of a terminally ill patient who is in intense pain. The euthanasia controversy is part of a larger issue concerning the right to die. Staunch defenders of personal liberty argue that all of us are morally entitled to end our lives when we see fit. Thus, according to these people, suicide is in principle morally permissible. For h
AdoptionAdoption At the present time, facing the issue of adoption ethics forces us to confront a highly uncomfortable situation. This case is especially true of international adoptions. A critical analysis of adoption practices as they relate to adoption within Canada as well as between Canada and Romania will follow. Encompassed within this will be the changing trends that have occurred with regards to the rights of the child and privacy of information exchanged between the adopting parties. In this f
AnthropologyAnthropology Anthropology is a social science that revolves around the tool of observation. Yet, for a discipline that appears rather basic it becomes relatively complicated as one examines the subsections of the science. Such is the case when referring to discipline of applied anthropology. Applied anthropologists do not solitarily research, observe and analyze a condition, but more, provide a practical solution to a human problem. It takes conscious effort for one to leave their culture in ord
Business in A Global SocietyBusiness in A Global Society 1. What is the history of our economic development and what does it tell us about the future? The United States has maintained its status as the world’s economic leader by continuously using innovative technology to become more productive. We see this every day of our lives, how all the businesses in the world try to keep up with the up and coming technology. The main purpose for this is to always make their business more efficient and productive, no matter what indu
Nuclear Waste The Skull Valley Controversy Nuclear Waste: The Skull Valley Controversy This paper will discuss the moral and ethical issues concerning how and why Locally Undesirable Land Uses (LULUs) and Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities (TSDFs) are located. A LULU, or TSDF, can be a power plant, a munitions factory, a county landfill, a medical waste incinerator, a hazardous waste storage facility, a military base, an airport or any number of other facilities that people need, but do not want to live next to. The process of f
Mental Health LegislationMental Health Legislation In 1997 when the current Government was elected into power one of their aims was to tackle the inequalities that existed within health and social care. Since then we have seen the publication of many policy documents which planned the way forward for health care, particularly in the way that care is delivered. Modern and Dependable (DOH, 1997), set out ways for national improvement in healthcare. Modernising Mental health Services (DOH, 1998a), set out the way on which
THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT: Ethical or Unethical? ENGLISH 101 Monday, April 4, 2000. Cloning a human being is something that has been fantasized for a long time in science fiction. Until now, never in history has science been able to so deeply impact human lives, as genetic engineering will. The Human Genome Project, is an international effort to “map” the 3 billion parts of proteins that make up human deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), is to be completed by the year 2003; the use of such technology po
Wealth Poverty and Wealth, Poverty, and Economics in Proverbs Job and Proverbs April 3/00 Box #260 Wealth, poverty and economics has been one of the main areas of human interest and investigation over the last three hundred years. Beginning in earnest during the enlightenment period of Europe, economics and wealth has been studied thoroughly and aggressively. Often times, this debate has produced great ideological and polemical debates, even wars and revolutions. Indeed, man has been increasingly described and
Animal Testing Necessity or CrueltyAnimal Testing: Necessity or Cruelty? 2/3/03 There has been an on going heated debate on whether experiments on animals for the benefit of medical and scientific research are ethical. Whether it is or isn't, most people have to decide whether the benefits will outweigh the costs of the experiments. These costs include: animal pain, distress and death where the benefits include the collection of new knowledge or the development of new medical therapies for humans. Looking into these different asp
Introduction to IslamIntroduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
ISLAMISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad's future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and visi
Is Modern Medicine A Threat To The Human Gene PoolIs Modern Medicine A Threat To The Human Gene Pool? The human gene pool is the source of diversity between us. It is this that attributes to the 0.1% difference in DNA between you and the next person (Cohen, 2001). Competition, starvation, predators and disease among others acted as selective pressures on our ancestors and thereby pushed and pulled the gene pool in different directions. Overall, those with genes that suited the environment survived and reproduced, while those with less suited ge
Contemporary Thoughts of AlcoholContemporary Thoughts of Alcohol “Alcohol is a drug. Unlike other drugs, it is available to anyone of legal age and easily acquired. Two out of three Americans over age 18 use some alcoholic beverage” (Wilcox, Introduction). Seeing how alcohol has some to be one of the mainstream accepted lifestyles in contemporary America, we need to question many aspects of it. “The NIAAA estimates that more than 11 million adults in the US are alcohol dependent and another 7 million regularly abuse alcohol” (
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle A Critical Postmodern TheCarnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord’s Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic administ
Adoption ProjectAdoption Project Agency Basics: Name: Friends of Hope Location: Clearwater, FL Ownership: Privately owned by the six founders Services: § Private adoptions of children with a specialty in frozen embryo adoption- within the US only § Also offer crisis counseling (for women who are considering giving up their children for adoption.) Employees: § 6 Founders - consisting of two lawyers and four with social work backgrounds § 2 Agency Counselors – Each went through giving up their kids for adoption a
FamiliesFamilies Looking at lone parent families is like looking at a hologram picture: holding it one way you see one thing, holding it a other way, you see another thing. This can be profoundly disorienting. In order to avoid vertigo, I shall start by looking at the picture from different angles, turning it slowly, noting the shifting patterns. All of these angles are informed by the basic lens used here: what are meaningful concepts for social policy formation? It is dangerous to identify problems –
The GovernmentThe Government In 1997 when the current Government was elected into power one of their aims was to tackle the inequalities that existed within health and social care. Since then we have seen the publication of many policy documents which planned the way forward for health care, particularly in the way that care is delivered. Modern and Dependable (DOH, 1997), set out ways for national improvement in healthcare. Modernising Mental health Services (DOH, 1998a), set out the way on which mental heal
Human Cloning is WrongHuman Cloning is Wrong I bet many of you have seen Star Wars, Jurassic Park, Multiplicity, or many of the other movies that describe cloning. Most of what you see in these movies is false. What you don't know if that cloning could be dangerous, to the clone and to our society as a whole. It's unethical to have a human clone. What about identity? Humans are guaranteed the right to their own personality. What would happen if we overrode those rights by giving them someone else's genetic identity?
Is cloning ethical and should it be pursuedIs cloning ethical and should it be pursued? Is cloning ethical and should it be pursued? Cloning is the method of producing a baby that has the identical genes to one person. In February 1997, embryologist Ian Wilmut and his colleagues at Roslin Institute in Scotland announced, that they cloned a sheep named Dolly from the udder cells of a ewe. (1),. The announcement of Dolly's birth attracted enormous press interest, perhaps because Dolly drew attention to the theoretical possibility of clonin
Nazi Ethics DebateNazi Ethics Debate Nazi Ethics Debate In the interest of...saving lives, is it acceptable to make use of data collected through mutilation, torture, and death (Campbell, 16)? That is the question which has been rearing its head in scientific research since the end of World War II. As man has sought to quench his thirst for knowledge, lines of ethicality have been drawn to preserve the integrity of science, and provide a framework from which man can improve upon the quality of human life. In Na
: During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as : During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subject of controversy in the United States. It discusses human interaction where ethics, emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemma that faces many individuals to create a emotional and violent atmosphere. There are many points of view toward abortion but the only two fine distinctions are pro-choice and pro-life. A pro-choicer would feel that the decisio
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 SELFREALISATION AND DIRECTION FOR THE ADOLESCENT PART TWO CONTENTS ---------------------59 MANIFESTATIONS OF AWARENESS PART THREE CONTENTS -----------------104 PHILOSOPHICAL CONTENTS PART ONE. BOLD = MAIN TITLES. REGULAR = SUB TITLES. ----------------------------------------------------------------PAGE FORWARD -----------------------------------------------------4 INTELLECTUALITY -----------------------------------------8 DEDICATION ----------------------
Euthanasia or a good death is an issue that has caused much controveEuthanasia, or a good death, is an issue that has caused much controversy for the past thirty years. This topic has a legal and illegal side to it. Many people cannot unanimously choose one side or the other. The legal issue, or passive euthanasia, is considered as allowing to die (Gula, 5). It varifies the removal of life-support systems because there is not any moderate hope of restoration. The illegal issue, or active euthanasia, is considered as homicide (Gula, 5). Drawing a line between
Harvard University is one of the most prestigious institutions of highHarvard University is one of the most prestigious institutions of higher learning in the world. Despite early financial hardships, low enrollment, and the influence of strong Puritan ethics, Harvard has also become the most respected Ivy League school in the United States. Almost every law student, medical student, and scientist dreams of attending Harvard. Even though Harvard University was founded in Colonial New England, it continues to be the most widely respected university on earth. Harvar
AbstractAbstract The computer is considered one of the most technological advances of the twentieth century. As the general public becomes increasingly ‘computer literate,' the gap between technology and peoples' intellect notably shrinks. The readily available computers, software, and assorted output devices have enlightened many but, in turn, have increased the using of computers for unethical activities, privacy invasion and illegal purposes. Legal sanctions against abusive use of computers are a rea
Most everyone thinks a veterinarian is just someone who takes care of Most everyone thinks a veterinarian is just someone who takes care of animals in a clinic. This is wrong because veterinarians are considered vets from all sorts of fields, from the easier professions like kennel owners and dog groomers to the more difficult ones like surgeons and farm vets. Doctors of veterinary medicine are medical professionals, whose primary responsibility is protecting the health and care for animals and pets. Veterinary schools have been around for hundreds of years. The
One Thousand Years of Chinese Footbinding Its Origins Popularity and D One Thousand Years of Chinese Footbinding: Its Origins, Popularity and Demise March 7, 1998 In addressing the subject of footbinding, one primary difficulty becomes apparent - that much remains within the realm of the unknowable. Any factual knowledge about the practice may only be drawn from 19th- and 20th-century writings, drawings or photographs. In addition, many of these documents represent a distinctly Western point of view, as they are primarily composed of missionary accounts and the li
During the past quarter century abortion has joined race and war as on During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subject of controversy in the United States. It discusses human interaction where ethics, emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemma that faces many individuals to create a emotional and violent atmosphere. There are many points of view toward abortion but the only two fine distinctions are pro-choice and pro-life. A pro-choicer would feel that the decision