Many citizens have become ruthless victims from poverty. Perhaps some of these people could have prevented their socioeconomic downfall by planning decisions and setting goals. There are many things that they must decide to do in order to eliminate themselves from being a victim of downward mobility. For each of their important decisions they have to set goals to reach. However, should they start falling from their socioeconomic status, they must be prepared to cope with the situations.
Most theorists would agree that there are two factors that influence downward mobility. The rich and the poor. As one moves from one class to another there are a number of changes that take place. Some can be large and some can be small. People would think that small changes would not be as significant as large changes. The real truth is that people do not realize that the little small changes add up to equal a large change. Changes lay the foundation for which type of person will belong to a certain social stratification. Anytime a change occurs one must beware that they might be entering into a crisis.
In the Chinese culture, if one would break up the word crisis, they would find that the word means opportunity and danger-threat. One might gather that the word crisis is bad, but it could also relate to a good situation. What the word crisis is trying to say is that it is a dangerous situation where there is opportunity at the same time. People who are in a crisis must evaluate their situational priorities and the available opportunities.
Karl Marx might argue “capitalism would inevitably cause the expansion of the lumpenproletariat”(Kornblum 235). Luck plays a major part in capitalism. The more often one examines their situation, they are more likely to improve their personal gain. I believe that luck is where opportunity meets preparedness. When opportunity arises, one must be prepared to adjusting their behavior accordingly. With preparedness, one needs to invest time. Those who take the time to be prepared will be empowered to advance in society instead of stagnate and also increase their social stratification.
There is much opportunity in our society. Most of the opportunity is hidden, or one might be informally excluded from it. According to William Kornblum, “…wages of the lowest paid government employee’s rise very slowly of at all” (Kornblum 237). Poor people are always discriminated against, thus making it extremely difficult to obtain opportunity to pull themselves out of the slum of poverty. However, opportunity can be minimized or enhanced. The more opportunity one can distinguish will only improve the amount of influence of what is done in the future.
People who have become victims of poverty also suffer from learned helplessness. For instance, if an individual’s employment is terminated, one would take the first job opportunity that came their way and make less money. However, if they would have chosen to reexamine their priorities, they could have exercised delayed gratification by going to school and finding a more satisfying career that has better pay.
Wealth, power, and prestige are three factors that can be termed a hierarchy that has a drastic effect on mobility. Myron Gutmann of the University of Texas, Austin writes, “... one's place in the hierarchy is intimately related to power and wealth. I think that for the most part social place is independently determined, and gives you access to power and wealth ... it also determines your ability to reproduce your social status through marriage; and it gives you visible prestige (Gutmann).” The term hierarchy sounds great in which one automatically gains wealth, power, and prestige. Consequently, majorities of people are not born into this hierarchy.
Assuming that a person is not born into this hierarchy, how can one acquire the wealth, power, and prestige necessary to stay clear of poverty? They must examine all of their opportunities. Also, one must learn how to deal with anxiety that accompanies important decisions. Repression is the most common way of dealing with anxiety, but it only puts the anxiety into one’s unconscious. Thus, it will be with the person until they are ready to deal with it or conform to the rest of the population and develop a scapegoat.
Realistically it is somewhat not important to fall