PETER THE GREAT


Peter, also known as Peter xiv, was a man known for his great complexity (Troyat, 14). He is known this for opening the door of progress up to the Russians. Some oppose of this door being opened and others applaud. Being torn between European ways and tradition left Peterís reign both good and bad but often sought in both views.
Peter, son of Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich, was born on May 30, 1972. He began his reign of Russia in 1700. Peter ruled Russia in an absolute monarchy. Which meant his word was absolute, or final. Peter was indeed the founder of the Russian Empire. Originally Peter was supposed to rule the throne with his half brother Ivan. The problem with this was that Ivan was mentally retarded. Since Ivan was mentally ill they placed Sophia as the next regent to the throne(Staney, 24). Since Sophia was placed second to the throne she constantly was trying to betray her brother so she could rule. Peter and his family grew up in a village outside of Moscow. When he was younger his mother is to have said that he had a great interest in ships and a natural instinct of being a leader. That showed off later as he was a commander of a ship he had built by himself in 1696, it was called the Principium.
During Peterís reign he had granted many reforms to the Russians, but his most determined goal for Russia he had reached early on in his reign. Ever since Peter was young he had dreamed of opening a window to the west for Russia. Free for trade, a port that was located
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to their west. Ironically he beat the Swedes out of their own land determined to reach this goal, and this he did. He turned his new conquered land into St. Petersburg, Russiaís new capital. This was to be his great window to the west. Not only did Peter create a new capital for the Russians but St. Petersburg was of great economic help. It was not only help in trade but in 1707 three-thousand workers were employed there alone (Troyat,56).
There was a time when Peter wanted to be on his peopleís level, and he traveled to England. He had dressed up in a disguise as a sailor to learn the peoples ways and bring them back to his country. He did disguise himself well learning to do carpentry and brush up on his ship building. In a way Peter was infatuated in the European culture wanting to adopt their ways
of life and modernization.
His travel is to believed not only to help in the skills area of the Russians but their education also. Peter greatly promoted education in his country (Dobbs, 78). One way he promoted this was that the School of Mathematics and Navigation was founded in Moscow.
A second way he promoted this, with the help of the Europeans , was Russiaís first news paper. It was called " The News" written and published in Moscow in 1703. Peter also adopted the European calendar, and in 1700 he and his country celebrated the New Year(Troyat, 78).
Some people believed that the Russians while being helped they were also betrayed by their own ways. Being of tradition was also a way of life for the Russians. Having someone come into reign and somewhat forcing new customs upon them could change their views of their king. Some believe the Russians had to adopt a whole new lifestyle under their king. Russia was known as a backward nation before Peterís reign. The Russian people did not even know what change was because they had held their tradition for so very long. This hurt most of the Russians
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in a way that some families will never forget. People either liked the king or wished he would do away with his new ways and leave the old alone. But though Peterís eyes alone he was turning this backward nation into a nation that actually wanted change. The Question is if Russia really wanted the change . We know the definitely needed it but should they have been forced to adopt
the new ways of the Europeans. Easy enough to say their king was hungry for modernization. He made