Observational Abilities Test


What is true in the eyes of one, can be seen as a delusion in another.
We, as a society, are made up of a dramatically diverse amalgam of cultures and
abilities. Finding out what those differences are can help us reach a better
understanding of each other, thus a more equitable relationship can be
developed. Therefore, finding the observational abilities of a given group
may help yield some interesting and valuable information.
In the following study several groups were tested on their
observational abilities. In order to develop such a test, it was necessary to
devise a structured approach for gathering and interpreting the information.
Therefore, the scope of the test was formulated based on hypothesis testing.
The following hypothesis was established as the criterion for the test:

Null hypothesis (Ho) : Males and females do not have
different observational abilities

Alternative Hypothesis (H1) : Males and females do have different
observational abilities


The study consisted of 3 groups of varying size and structure.
During the initial phase, the members of the study were unaware that any test
was being conducted. The locations of the test were Wilford Hall Medical
Center : Primary Care Meeting, University of the Incarnate
Word : World Literature Class, and University of Texas at San Antonio :
Business Statistics Class. The sample sizes and constructs were as follows:

Wilford Hall Medical Center : 30 people - 19 (F) 11 (M)
University of the Incarnate Word : 19 people - 9 (F) 10 (M)
University of Texas at San Antonio: 32 people - 11 (F) 21 (M)

The test subjects were all presented with the same scenario, given the normal
degree of variation. The procedure of the test was as follows: - The
instructor/manager was advised that a test would be
conducted sometime during the period. - A male messenger with black hair
and wearing a blue shirt
and slacks, would enter the room unannounced. - The messenger would hand an
envelope to the instructor. - The messenger would then say, "This is from
Debbie". - The messenger would then exit the room. The instructor/manager had
been asked to wait 10 minutes, then the instructor/manager would pass out a
form for the respondents to fill out (Results: Sample Form). All the data was
compiled and corrected, then the data was inputted into the SPSS statistical
program for analysis. Each correct answer on the form was given a value of 10
and each incorrect answer was given a value of 0. The male and female
respondents were analyzed individually by sex and group (Results: Descriptives),
Then the relevant scores and data of the groups were evaluated against each
other (Results: Observation Test - Mean Scores).


The following pages contain a sample test and the output of data
retrieved from the study. The programs used to evaluate and display the data
were the SPSS Professional Statistical Software and Microsoft Excel.

SAMPLE TEST FORM Please answer the following questions about the messenger that
had previously entered the room. If you do not know the correct response
then choose the "unknown" option, please do not guess. Thank You!

1) Was the messenger male or female? Male Female Unknown

2) What color was the messengers clothing? Red Black Tan Blue Gray

3) What was the messengers hair color? Blond Brown Auburn Black

4) What did the messenger say to the instructor/manager? How are you today
This is from the Dean This is a nice day This is from Debbie Unknown

5) What did the messenger hand the instructor/manager? An envelope A
large/thick book Nothing A folder A pen and pencil Unknown

- Upon completion of this evaluation, please return it to the
instructor/manager. This has been a study to evaluate the observational
abilities of men and women. All information will be for the sole use this
study. Thank you for your assistance.


According to the analyzed data from this study, the Ho: Males and
Females do not have different observational abilities, would be false.
Therefore, the H1: Males and Females do have different observational
abilities, would be true. The basis for this conclusion are as follows:

- All the mean scores of the female respondents were higher
than that of the male respondents. - Individually, the majority of the
female respondents answered more of the questions correctly. -
Individually, the majority of the male respondents answered
more of the questions incorrectly.


In any study it is equally important to understand the limitations, as
well as prove the