Nixon's Program of Detente was the Reason for the Decline of
World Conflict in the 1970's

I. Introduction
1.China & Russia
a.Communists powers, threat to world
b.Arms race
c.Threat to each other
d. Could pressure N.Korea into peace
2.Nixon's program of detente was the reason for decline in world conflict in the
1970's
II. Reasons supporting
1.Nixon improved Commie's general attitude towards U.S.& vice versa
a.initiated trade
b.improved relations between China and Russia
c.Halt to China's isolationism
2.Arms race drastically declined by detente
a. Countries had mass weapons
b.ABM, SALT
3.Detente essentially ended the Vietnam conflict
a.With improved relations, attack on Vietnam did not spark Russian attack
II&1/2. Transition
III. Reasons opposing
1.Nixon's attempt at detente added to the communist threat
a. Lost North Vietnam to communism
b. by establishing trade he improved Russia\china economy
2.It was later administrations that fully ended the Chinese/Russian threat
a.Ford & later administrations fulfilled detente
b.Reagan's cooperation with Gorbechev ended cold war
c.Glastnost/Parestroika tore communism to pieces, ending Soviet threat
3.There was no real threat of a Chinese/Russian conflict
a.Cold War created to boost National spirit/ economy
b.USSR economy in shambles/ not capable of war
c.Both sides knew they couldn't use "nukes"

IV. Conclusion
1.US and Russia/China became significantly less of an enemy to each other &US
a.Nixon represented US positively to USSR sparking Glastnost/Parestrioka
b.Brought China out of isolationism (less biochem. weapons)
2.Nixons program of detente was the reason for a decline of world conflict

During the 1950's and 60's a wave of terror swept the nation. The invention of the
atomic bomb rung in a new era of warfare and defense strategies. If there ever were a
nuclear war the loser would not be determined by whoever surrendered first. The loser
would be considered whoever was left alive. The governments of the U.S. and Russia
started a massive arms race. Americans made efforts to ensure their survival. Our children
were taught to crouch in a corner and put their heads between their legs, and families
across the nation constructed bomb shelters capable of sustaining life for up to a year or
longer (the effectiveness of which is still in question). At times it seemed that it was not a
question of if the emergency air raid drills, which were as common as fire and tornado
drills, would become actual emergencies, but when.
But today the ancient shelters are used for storage of old magazines and wool
sweaters, China and the U.S. are on positive relations, and Communist Russia is a thing of
the past. How did this happen? During the 1970's the American people elected to power a
man named Richard Nixon. In an attempt to resolve the Vietnam conflict He started a
program to improve relations with the major communist powers China and Russia called
detente. And it is clear that Richard Nixon's program of detente was the primary cause for
the decline of world conflict in the 1970's and later.

The president had not yet given up on the Vietnam cause. He knew that he
had to pull our U.S. troops out immediately or start actively participating in the war. If a
major offensive was launched by the U.S. in North Vietnam it may have triggered a war
with it's communist allies. To avoid this, Nixon knew that he must abolish the fundamental
hatred of the "capitalist running dogs" in Russia and China and improve the American
image. He then started an intricate plan of peace talks, contracts, and trade agreements
known as detente.
Russia, although a formidable military opponent, was actually suffering
economically. (Toledano, 274) Full advantage of this situation was taken 1972 when an
agreement was made with Russia to sell them 750 million dollars worth of agricultural
goods. (Bailey, 951) This might not have been achieved if it weren't for Nixon's visit to
China some months before. Russia felt pressured into positive relations by a possible
American-backed China. China and Russia, although both communist, disagreed on some
of Marx's ideas, making them rivals with each other as well as the capitalist regime. (Blum,
194) The foodstuffs agreement with Russia, aggressive as it was, was seen as somewhat
benevolent by the people and government of Russia.
During Nixon's visit to China during May of 1972 he wished to improve relations
with The Peoples Republic of China as he did with Russia, but a China\U.S. diplomacy
was going to be a challenge for a number of reasons. China has had a long history of
isolation and self government with very little foreign influence. (Barnett, 21) As a result,
the Chinese