Night by: Elie Wiesel
Wiesel's Night is about what the Holocaust did, not just to
the Jews, but by extension, to humanity. People all over the world
were devastated by this atrocious act, and there are still people
today who haven't overcome the effects. One example of the heinous
acts of the Germans that stands out occurs at the end of the war, when
Elie and the rest of the camp of Buna is being forced to transfer to
Gleiwitz. This transfer is a long, arduous, and tiring journey for all
who are involved. The weather is painfully cold, and snow fell
heavily; the distance is greater than most people today will even
dream of walking. The huge mass of people is often forced to run, and
if one collapses, is injured, or simply can no longer bear the pain,
they are shot or trampled without pity. An image that secures itself
in Elie's memory is that of Rabbi Eliahou's son's leaving the Rabbi
for dead. The father and son are running together when the father
begins to grow tired. As the Rabbi falls farther and farther behind
his son, his son runs on, pretending not to see what is happening to
his father. This spectacle causes Elie to think of what he would do if
his father ever became as weak as the Rabbi. He decides that he would
never leave his father, even if staying with him would be the cause of
his death.

The German forces are so adept at breaking the spirits of the
Jews that we can see the effects throughout Elie's novel. Elie's faith
in God, above all other things, is strong at the onset of the novel,
but grows weaker as it goes on. We see this when Elie's father
politely asks the gypsy where the lavoratories are. Not only does the
gypsy not grace his father with a response, but he also delivers a
blow to his head that sent him to the floor. Elie watches the entire
exhibition, but doesn't even blink. He realizes that nothing, not even
his faith in God, can save him from the physical punishment that would
await him if he tried to counterattack the gypsy. If the gypsy's
attack had come just one day earlier, Elie probably would have struck
back. However, the effect of the spiritual beating by the Germans was
already being felt.

The incident that perhaps has the greatest effect on Elie is
the hanging of the pipel. He is a young boy with an "innocent face"
who is condemned to death because he is implicated in a conspiracy
which results in a German building being destroyed. When the time for
the hanging approaches, the Lagerkapo refuses to kick out the chair,
so SS officers are assigned to do it. Unlike the necks of those he is
hanged with, the young boy's neck does not break when he falls, and he
suffers for over a half-hour. The suffering of the child is comparable
to the suffering endured by many Jews during the Holocaust. He fought
for his life, at times even seeing a bit of hope, only to be destroyed
in the end. The Jews fought for everything they had, from their
possessions at the beginning, to their lives at the end. The result,
however, was the same.

At the end of the war, Elie looks into the mirror, and says he
saw "a corpse." This "corpse" is Elie's body, but it has been robbed
of its soul. This is similar to the loss suffered by people all over
the world. Those not directly involved with the Holocaust were still
alive physically, but their mind and spirit had long been dead. By the
end of the war, Elie loses all of his faith in God and his fellow man,
and this is the most difficult obstacle to overcome when he is
released.