Nevada

Alan Gray

Table Of Contents
1) Table Of Contents
2) State Flag
3) Facts
a) Seal
b) Motto
c) State Symbols
4) History
a) Capital
b) Year of Entry
5) Major Industries
6) Population
7) System of Government
8) Wildlife and Environment
9) Tourist Traps
10) Vacation Plan
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State Seal-



State Motto- All For Our Country
State Tree- Single-Leaf Pinion and Bristlecone Pine
State Flower- Sagebrush
State Animal- Desert Bighorn Sheep
State Colors- Silver and Blue
State Song- “Home Means Nevada”
Lyrics and Music by Bertha Raffetto
Home means Nevada
Home means the hills.
Home means the sage and the pine
Out by the by Trukee, silvery rills
Out where the sun always shines
Here is the land which I love the best
Fairer than all I can see
Deep in the heart of the golden west
Home Means Nevada to me.
State Rock- Sandstone
State Precious Gemstone- Virgin Valley Black Fire Opal
State Semi-Precious Gemstone- Nevada Turquoise
State Grass- Indian Ricegrass
State Metal- Silver
State Fossil- Ichthyosaur
State Fish- Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
State Reptile- Desert Tortoise
State Artifact- Tule Duck Decoy
State Nicknames- Sagebrush State, Battle Born State
State Name Origin- Spanish “snowcapped”
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Capital- Carson City
Year of Entry to the US- October 31, 1864 - 36th state
History-
A few of the earliest American Indians lived in the Nevada area. Remains found near Las Vegas indicate that they might have lived there more that 20,000 years ago. Picture writings have also been left by cave dwelling Indians in southern Nevada.
It is said that the first white man to enter the Nevada Territory was Fanscisco Garces. He was just passing through on his way to California in 1775 or 1776. Trappers and fur traders began exploring the region sometime between 1825 and 1830. Peter S. Ogden explored the Humbolt River Valley with a few other trappers of the Hudson’s Bay Company. Another man, Jedediah S. Smith led more trappers across the Las Vegas valley region into California and back across the Great Basin.
William Wolfskill, in 1830, made a route, called the Old Spanish Trail, from Santa Fe to Los Angeles. The trail opened up Nevada to trade from the southeast region. Joseph Walker, another trapper, made a trail along the Humbolt River in 1833 on his way to California. In 1848, hundreds of wagon trains rolled across this trail to get to the gold in California after it was discovered. Lieutenant John C. Fremont explored the Great Basin and Sierra Nevada between 1843 and 1845. He provided the first factual knowledge of the region.
The US acquired the Nevada region after the Mexican War in 1848. Brigham Young, in 1849, organized Utah, most of present-day Nevada, and other present-day states as the State of Deseret. He asked Congress to admit his state to the Union but in 1850 Congress established the Utah Territory. Which included Utah and most of present-day Nevada. President Fillmore appointed Young governor of the territory.
In 1859, at the present site of Virginia City, rich deposit of silver ore was discovered. Known as the Comstock Lode because Henry Comstock took credit for the discovery, although other miners had found the ore. News of the lode spread quickly and soon hundreds of prospectors were flocking to Carson County to “strike it rich”. Virginia City had become a thriving mining center, almost overnight.
By 1860, the booming mining camps of Carson County held more than 6,700 people. In March of the following year President James Buchanan signed an act creating the Nevada Territory. President Lincoln, taking office two days later, appointed James W. Nye governor of the territory.
The Civil War began before the territory\'s government could be set up in Carson City. The war gave Nevada’s mineral deposits a new importance. Both the North and South needed silver and gold to pay for costs. The Nevada territory had far less than the 127,381residents required by law to become a state but Nevadans held a convention to draw up a state constitution anyway.
The convention met in November of 1863 and ended in failure. The voters rejected the constitution being proposed because of its provisions on taxing the mines. Congress then authorized a second convention. In July 1864, the convention re-met and completed its work. In September, the voters approved the new constitution. Republican Henry G. Blasdel was elected the first governor. President Lincoln proclaimed Nevada a state on October 31, 1864.
The mining industry dug the richest silver ore out of Nevada’s mines in the 1870’s. Some of the mines produced low-grade ores that only contained small