My science project is on Giraffes. The Giraffe is the tallest mammal

in the world. Giraffes have very long necks with a short, upstanding mane,

high shoulders which slope steeply, and long legs that are nearly equal in

length. The male weight can range to 2420-4250, and the female can range

to 1540-2600. The Giraffes can stand up to 18 feet long. They mostly live and

come from sub-Sahara Africa. Giraffes are herbivores, and their long necks

help them to reach the leaves and shoots of thorny acacia trees.

The Giraffes scientific name is camelopardalis which is the Latin

version of comeleopard. During 46 B.C., Rome, Giraffes were thought to be

a huge camel, with spots like a leopard. But later learned the Giraffe has

neither these animal combinations.

The way Giraffes give birth is standing up, they can even do it while

sleeping. New born calves, which are baby giraffes, begin their lives

by falling 6 feet to the ground. Usually a calve stands 6 feet tall and is able

to stand after birth. They are highly attuned to danger thanks to their height

and good sense of smell and eyesight. They can be fast and can reach

speeds of up to 35 mph.

Females spend over 12 hours a day looking, while males are less.

Night mostly spent lying down ruminating, especially hours after dark and

before dawn. A Giraffe has 2 ways of getting around which is walking and

galloping. The long legs and short trunk decree an ambling walk, with the

entire weight supported alternatively on the left and right legs, like camels.

The long neck moves in a synchrony to maintain balance. It can gallop up to

37 mph. The forelegs and hind legs work in pairs like a running rabbit. When

they drink, a giraffe must either straddle or bend its forelegs.

The giraffe is sociable and nonterritorial, living in loose, open herds. At

a moment a giraffe may be in a herd with all males, all females, and youngens,

or bothe sexs of all ages. There are no leaders and minimum coordination

of herd movements. The fluid nature of giraffes society reflects the need to

spend most of its time feeding and to move independently between spaced

trees, and size that makes it unnecessary to bunch together for mutual security.

Height and good eyesight helps giraffes to maintain visual contact at long

distances. In fact they rarely bunched together, unless they are attracted to

the same type of tree. They get nervous around the presence of a lion or

aggregated at open areas. Females are more sociable then males and

hardly ou of sight of other females. The mothers of the calves associate most

consisently, at least sometimes because of mutual females. The males stay

in herds until they fully grow their resemblance to females at about 3 years,

after they join bachelor herds. They sooner or later leave their natal range,

where the females stay put. Home ranges of adults and subadults of the

two sexes average 63 miles square in Tsavo NP(163 km square), hut

vary enormously from2 up to 252 miles square(5-654 km square).

The spots of a giraffe are like fingerprints. There are distinct types of

spots depending on the specie, but each giraffe is born with a certain design

that never changes.

Giraffes are very fond of fruits, sausage trees, and maroela berries.

Unfortunately the maroela berries upsets their stomaches. Also if they eat

a lot of these berries, they become intoxicated. When a giraffe is intoxicated

(drunk) they become in serious danger. I could hurt its self, like break a leg.

There favorite foods are spiny acacia(an umbrella shaped tree with small

leaves among the tufts of the 3 inch thorns) and the young whistling thorn

acacia. When there are amny acacia trees, the giraffes become fat. Acacia

trees are very nutritious and moist. They contain everything a giraffe needs

except calcium and sodium. They get the minerals by licking natural salt

deposits and chewing the bones of the dead animals.

Giraffes have a big appetite and each day they spend hours eating.

A large male giraffe can eat seventy-five pounds of food everyday. Lotís of

nourishement is needed to supply energy