My Essay is about Mohandas Gandhi. I chose him because he in my opinion is one of the greatest men to have lived. Indeed it is the great men who make things happen. They are the ones that make history. To prove this, we must first know a little bit about Gandhi. Notices that I said a little, hole books have been written on Mohandas Gandhi.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the youngest of his family; he was born in 1869. He grew up in a small village in western India called Porbandar. His family was strict Hindus. His father was the Dewan (Chief minister) of the town; he was a good leader and politician. Gandhi’s mother was a very religious housewife, and spent most of her time at home or in the temple.
Gandhi was brought up in a branch of Hinduism called Vaisnavism, which worshiped the god Vishnu. He was a devoted and good Hindu. His family followed the moral values of Jainism, this included the practice of ahmisa (non-injury to all living things), vegetarianism, fasting, and tolerance of other cultures.
Gandhi’s teenage years were full of problems. He was not good at school, or in sports, he also missed a year of school at age 13, when he got married. Life got very stressful for him when his father became sick. He was forced to take care of him. To cope with is problems he started to smoke shoplift and eat meat.
In 1887 he started collage at the University of Bombay. He did not like it there and decided to go to England and become a barrister and return for a job like his fathers. When he arrived in England he joined the University Collage. He had a bad time switching cultures, and one of the most difficult obstacles to overcome was that he was a vegetarian. After finding a vegetarian restaurant, he felt more accepted. He then followed to join vegetarian society. This was one of the major turning points in Gandhi's life; it turned him from a shy boy to an outspoken grown man. After this he returned to India, and found out that his mother had passed away. There was no work to be found for him. In 1891 Gandhi received an offer from a South African company, accepted it and went to South Africa.
When he arrived, he was shocked at the segregation and racial discrimination. In 1894 when he was ready to leave from Africa, he read about a bill that would take away the vote of Indians. Gandhi decided to stay and try to stop the bill. He was unsuccessful. After that Gandhi moved to Durban, began practicing law, formed the National Indian congress. In 1896 after being attacked and beaten by a white mob, Gandhi began to teach passive resistance. The inspiration from this policy came from a Russian writer Leo Tolstoy and an American writer Henry David Thoreau.
In 1899, at the outbreak of the Boer Wars, he helped raise 1,200 men to defend Natal and support Britain. This did nothing for the rights of the Indian community. In 1906, a large movement began to take place to gain rights for the Indians. Gandhi negotiated many compromises in 1913 for more rights of the Indian people. Considering his goal achieved he returned to India in 1914.
When Gandhi came back to India he began supporting Britain in World War One. During this time he was not actively involved in politics. Gandhi had been friendly with the British, but when they passed the Rowlatt bills he became very upset. The bills stated that those suspected of sedition could be arrested without a trial. Gandhi called for a Satyagraha (civil disobedience) struggle against Great Britain. He had meant for the people to use ahmisa (non-violence) methods in their protests, but they protested violently in some places, and that lead to the killing of 400 Indians.
By 1920, Gandhi was a big influence on the people. Gandhi called for a boycott on British goods and services. Thousands of Indians lined up to be taken to jail, hoping to clog the system. The movement was mostly a success. Gandhi himself was arrested in 1922 and sentenced to six years, he was released after four. His short stay in