Mozart


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27th, 1756.
He was born to Leopold and Anna Maria Pertl. Leopol was a very successful composer,
voilinist, and the assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court. Mozart showed musical
talent at a very young age. By age five he was composing minuets.And at age six he
played before the Bavarian Elector and the Austrian Empress.His father taught him, but
said teahcing Wolfgang was hard because he knew so much already. His father was also
his largest influence.
In 1763 Wolfgang’s father, Leopold, took him and his sister, Maria Anna, on a
concert tour of Europe. The children performed in many courts and large cities including
Paris, London, and Germany. They astonished their audiences wherever they performed.
In London Wolfgang wrote his first symphonies and met Johann Christian Brahm,
who had a very large influence on him.
In Paris Wolfgang published his first works, four sonatas for clavier with
accompanying voilin.
In 1768 he composed his first opera, La Finta Semplice, which was presented for
the first time a year later in his home town of Salzburg.
In 1769 Wolfgang and his father set out on another tour of Italy. Here Wolfgang
wrote a new opera, Mitridate ri de Ponto. He also wrote two more operas for Milan,
Ascanio in Alba and Lucio Silla.
Three years later in 1772 Wolfgang was appointed concertmaster to the
archbishop of Salzburg, his home town. He composed many works while he was
concertmaster. But this job was not good for him and he did not get anolg with most of
the people around him. So, he soon quit this job to travel to Paris with his mother and
look for a new job.
In 1777 Wolfgana and his mother, Maria Anna, went to Paris, France. While here
Wolfgang composed many works including The Paris Symphony (1778). But, he could
not find a permanent job there. His mother died in Paris this year and this upset
Wolfgang very much.
He returned to Salzburg in 1779 and was made the court organist. He wrote many
church works then, including the famous Coronation Mass. He was supposed to write a
new opera for Munich, Idomeneo.
In 1781 he was called to Vienna by von Colloredo. His career in Vienna started
out wonderfully. He was soon assigned to write The Abduction from the Seralio (1782).
The emporer loved his music, and later got him the job of court composer. Mozart was
now very popular in Vienna. That year he married Constenze Weber, from Germany. His
father was not happy with this decision.
In 1783 the newly married couple visited Salzburg. During this period many of
Mozart’s pieces that were composed in Vienna were played. (Such as Mass in C Minor
and his greatest success, The Marriage of Figaro, which was composed for the Vienna
opera.)
After The Marriage of Figaro Mozarts career began doing very poorly, and he was
in great debt. The most successful piece after Figaro was Don Giovonni (1787), which
was composed for Prauge. After this he composed Cosi Fotte (1790) and The Magic Flute
(1791). He also composed his last three symphonies, E Flat, G Minor, and the Jupiter in
C.
In 1791 Mozart was assigned to write a requiem. His health was in bad shape at
the time, but he still worked hard on the requiem.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died on December 5th, 1791 in Vienna, leaving the
requiem unfinished. Some people think he dies of poisoning, but the most likely
reasoning of his death is kidney failure. After his funeral he was buried in a pauper’s
grave at Saint Marx Cemetary.
Mozart was a very large influence on the Classical Music Era, and will never be
forgotten.