Mood Disorder: Depression
Aerious M. Jeffery
Collin College
PYSC 2301.S09
November 21, 2016
Dr. Gager

Mood Disorder: Depression
Some may believe that depression is a sadness that someone has for an abnormal period of time. However, it is a serious medical illness. Depression is a condition that interferes with everyday life for some people by affecting them with an emotional state of mind. It's one of the most common mental disorders in society. There are millions of people that has been diagnosed with depression. Depression aggressively increases within people from early childhood to adulthood. Fortunately, it is treatable. Although, to be diagnosed with this medical illness, symptoms must last two weeks or more. There are numerous signs and symptoms of depression, but some include: anxiousness, decreased energy, appetite and/or weight changes, and feelings of worthlessness or helplessness. Everyone with depression, does not experience every sign and symptom and some may experience more than others. Signs and symptoms may also vary depending on the stage of depression the person is in.
As mentioned earlier, depression can happen at any age and is a very common medical illness in the United States. It can be caused by genetics, biological, environmental, and/or psychological factors. Depression in women is mostly caused by hormonal factors. These hormonal factors include: puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy and childbirth. Although some people might believe that depression in men are rare, it is not. Men mask their depression so no one would know about what they having going on in their lives. Depression in children and adolescents are usually caused by having parents with depression,
Because of depression being a treatable illness, there are many different ways to go about treating it. Depression is usually treated with medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of two. The most known medication to treat depression is antidepressants. Antidepressants may take a couple of weeks or more to actually work. Symptoms from antidepressants like sleep, appetite, and concentration problems gets better. Another type of treatment for depression is psychotherapies. This is more of a counseling treatment for whom ever has depression. Lastly, if the things mentioned does not reduce the symptoms of depression, brain stimulation therapies are an open option some use.

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