Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as mahatma Gandhi was a Indian
This essay Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as mahatma Gandhi was a Indian has a total of 1035 words and 8 pages.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as mahatma Gandhi, was a Indian
nationalist leader, who established his country's freedom through a nonviolent revolution.
Gandhi became a leader in a difficult struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule.
He believed and dedicated his life to demonstrating that both individuals and nations owe
it to themselves to stay free, and to allow the same freedom to others. Gandhi was one of
the gentlest of men, a devout and almost mystical Hindu, but he had and iron core of
determination. Nothing could change his convictions. Some observers called him a
master politician. Others believed him a saint.
Gandhi became a leader in a difficult struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule.
He worked to reconcile all classes and religious sects. Gandhi meant not only technical
self-government but also self-reliance. After World War I, in which he played an active
part in recruiting campaigns, he launched his movement of passive resistance to Great
Britain. When the Britain government failed to make amends, Gandhi established an
organized campaign of noncooperation. Through India, streets were blocked by
squatting Indians who refused to rise even when beaten by the police. He declared he
would go to jail even die before obeying anti-Asian Law. Gandhi was arrested, but the
British were soon forced to release him. Economic independence for India, involving the
complete boycott of British goods, was made a result of Gandhi's self-ruling movement.
The economic aspects of the movement were serious, for the exploitation of Indian
villagers by British industrialists has resulted in extreme poverty in the country and the
virtual destruction of Indian home industries. As a solution for such poverty, Gandhi
supported revival of cottage industries; he began to use a spinning wheel as a token of the
return to the simple village life he preached, and of the renewal of native Indian
Gandhi became the international symbol of a free India. He lived a spiritual and
ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and meditation. He employed propaganda, agitation,
demonstration, boycott, noncooperation, parallel government, and strikes. He refused
earthly possessions, he wore the loincloth and shawl of the lowliest Indian and lived on
vegetables, fruit juices, and goat's milk. Indians thought of him as a saint and began to call
him Mahatma. Mahatma meant great soul, a title reserved for the greatest leaders.
Gandhi's nonviolence was the expression of a way of life understood in the Hindu
religion. By the Indian practice of nonviolence, Gandhi said, Great Britain would
eventually consider violence useless and would leave India.
The Mahatma's political and spiritual hold on India was so great that the British
authorities dared not to interfere with him. In 1921 the Indian National Congress, the
group that spearheaded the movement for nationhood, gave Gandhi complete executive
authority, with the right of naming his own successor. A series of armed revolts against
Great Britain broke out, culminating in such violence that Gandhi confessed failure of the
civil-disobedience campaign he had called, and ended it. The British government again
seized and imprisoned him in 1922.
In 1930 the Mahatma proclaimed a new campaign for civil disobedience, calling
upon the Indian population to refuse to pay taxes, particularly the tax on salt. The
campaign was a two hundred mile march to the sea, in which thousands of Indians
followed Gandhi from Ahmadabad to the Arabian Sea, where they made salt by vaporating
sea water. Once more Gandhi was arrested, but he was released in 1931, halting the
campaign after the British made compromises to his demands. In the same year Gandhi
represented the Indian National Congress at a conference in London.
In 1932, Gandhi began new civil-disobedience campaigns against the British.
Gandhi fasted for long periods several times; these fasts were effective measures against
the British, because revolution might well have broken out in India if he had died. In
September 1932, while in jail, Gandhi undertook a fast unto death to improve the status of
the Hindu Untouchables. The British, by permitting the Untouchables to be considered as
a separate part of the Indian voters, were, according to Gandhi, aid an injustice. Although
he was himself a member of the Vaisya (merchant) caste, Gandhi was the great leader of
the movement in India dedicated to terminating the unjust social and
Topics Related to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as mahatma Gandhi was a Indian
Nonviolence, Gandhism, Ascetics, Gujarati people, Mahatma Gandhi, Tolstoyans, Indian independence movement, Gandhi, Nonviolent resistance, Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle with India, The Story of My Experiments with Truth
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