Mexico City

Mexico City is the capital and largest city of Mexico. Mexico City is located in the middle of Mexico at an elevation of 7710 ft. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains. Mexico city is not only the largest city but also contains the country's largest political, economic, and cultural life, with a population of 8,236,960. Mexico City's official language is Spanish
Economy
The manufacturing of the city includes textiles, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, electric and electronic items, steel, and transportation equipment. A big improvement which occurred in Mexico city was when a subway system was built in 1970.
The People
Since there are so many people in Mexico City there are several problems such as air pollution and not enough water. The reason there is not enough water is because the pollution from the buildings leaks into the water lines underground. Because of this huge water tanks are filled in a far off distance so pollution does not leak into the water supply.

Education and Culture
In Mexico City there are nine Universities. The biggest University is the National Autonomous University of Mexico, which is located at the south of the city. Most of Mexico City's culture is the museums that are located throughout the city. The Museum of Anthropology, Modern Art, and the National Historical Museum, have exhibits of pre-Columbian artifacts. Another part of Mexico City's culture are the Ballet Folklorico performances at the Palace of Fine Arts and Mexico's most important religious shrine, the Basilica of the Virgin of Guadeloupe, is located on the outskirts of the city.

History
The history of Mexico City began in 1325 when a group of nomads from the north settled on an island in Lake Texcoco. Later the city was named Tenochitlan, and reached a population of 250,000. Then Spanish explorers made Mexico City the capital of all the Spanish settlements in the western hemisphere. During the Mexican War, the US took control of the city for five months. Then it was taken over by President Benito Pablo Jauarez. By the 1920's Mexico City began building saw mills and factories all over the city. The housing developments programs were started. Between the years 1930 and 1950 the population doubled.