Maupassant


The theme of Guy de Maupassant story “The Necklace” seems to suggested by the line, “What would happened if Mathilde had not lost the necklace?” During the Guy de Maupassant’s short story “The Necklace”, the main character, Mathilde Loisel, makes a number of ironic discoveries. The ironic elements were the results of her expectations and desires were contrast to her reality and ability. Throughout the story Guy de Maupassant color the irony by verbal, situational, attitude, and dramatic irony.


Irony is a key element in our lives. It is also important in short stories. Irony is when something happens that is completely opposite from what is expected. The Necklace of Guy de Maupassant focuses on the irony of appearances and reality. At the beginning of the story, Madame Loisel who “was one of those pretty and charming girls who are sometimes, as if by a mistake of destiny, born in a family of clerks. She has no dowry, no expectations, no means of being known, understood, loved wedded by any rich and distinguished man; and she let herself be married to a little clerk at the Ministry of Public Instruction.” In the opposite site, in the party held in the Palace of the Ministry, she was the most beautiful woman. All the men admired her. And then, for which is called Heroism, she decided to be a totally different woman. However, her expectations of being beautiful and belonging to high- class become the worst thing. Or it can be said that it was the consequence of her owned expectation, which were her beauty, her charm and her pride.


“Madame Loisel looked old now. She had become the woman of impoverished households- strong and hard and rough. With frowsy hair, skirts askew, and red hands, she talked loud while washing the floor with great swished of water. But sometimes, when her husband was at office, she sat down near the window, and she thought of that gay evening of long ago, of the ball where she had been so beautiful and so feted.”


Her desire to live a life of luxury consumes her and prevents her from finding satisfaction with any aspect of her life. “What would have happened if she had no lost that necklace? Who know? How life is strange and changeful! How little thing is need for us to be lost or to be saved.” It is so hard to answer, but for sure that is so painful to experience, to work hard, to change one’s self to another completely different person. Because of that, after ten years, it is so ironic since Madame Loisel realizes that the necklace is a paste one. It could have been different. It could have been better if she had not been borrowed. And she could have been a Madame. She and her husband were deeply in debt. For ten years they worked day in and day out until finally the debt was paid off. She put the new necklace in a box and gave it to her friend. Her friend never looked in the box, so she did not know the necklace was not the same she let Loisel is borrow. That is the irony of the story. It is more dramatic irony when Madame Loisel believes on getting admired appearance of her by society at the ball one night. To some certain extant, it represents the society at that time. It is the society in which people thrive for the luxuries, where the value of a person was determined by her/his appearance rather than his/her ability.


As de Maupassant explains, "[Mr.] Loisel possessed eighteen thousand franks which his father had left him. He borrowed the rest. He borrowed it, asking for a thousand francs of one, five hundred of another, five louts of this one, and three louis of that one. He gave notes, made ruinous promises, took money of usurers and the whole race of lenders. He compromised his whole existence, in fact, risked his signature without even knowing whether he could make it good or not, and, harassed by anxiety for the future, by the black misery which surrounded him, and by the prospect of all physical privations and moral torture, he went to